Friday, September 16, 2016

Ruvigny Addition: Mortimer-Percy Descent for Maria Harriet (née Hesketh), Lady Haldon (1826-1905)

Maria Harriet (née Hesketh), Lady Haldon
Continuing with the ancestry of Hon. Annette Maria (née Palk) Baird, mother of Muriel Jane (née Baird) Noel, we finally turn to her mother's family, the Heskeths. The family had been seated at Rufford Hall in Lancashire for centuries, when, in the latter half of the reign of Elizabeth I, Robert Hesketh (1560-1620), breaking with his family's recusancy, conformed to the Anglican church, and represented Lancashire in Parliament in 1597. He had been the first of the Heskeths to marry into the Edward I bloodline, taking for his first wife, Mary Stanley (d. 1586), from a junior branch of the family of the earls of Derby which had its seat at Cross Hall, in the parish of Latham. The three subsequent generations of Hesketh squires at Rufford Hall also married ladies descended from Edward I, and it was Thomas Hesketh (1677-1720), great-great-grandson of Robert Hesketh and Mary Stanley, who married Anne Graham (see Generation 13 below), a lady descended from the Percy earls of Northumberland. Had Ruvigny been aware of Anne's descent, he would have included the subsequent generations of Heskeths in his 1911 Mortimer-Percy volume.

MARIA HARRIET HESKETH, b. Rufford Hall, Lancashire, bap. 26 Nov. 1826 St Mary Church, Rufford; d. 18 Dec. 1905 Eastfield House, Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, bur. 21 Dec. 1905 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn, Devon, only dau. of Sir Thomas Henry Hesketh, 4th Baronet of Rufford (1799-1843, descended from Edward III - see Generation 18 below) and Annette Maria Bomford (c.1799-1879, descended from Edward III); m. 15 Nov. 1845 St Mary Church, Rufford, LAWRENCE PALK, 1st Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 30 Jan. 1818 Marylebone, London, bap. 26 Feb. 1818 St Marylebone Parish Church; d. 22 Mar. 1883 Haldon House, Kenn, Devon, bur. 29 Mar. 1883 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn, est. son of Sir Lawrence Vaughan Palk, 3rd Baronet of Haldon (1793-1860, descended from Henry IV) and his 1st wife Anna Eleanora Wrey (1787-1846, descended from Edward III), and had issue, four sons and two daughters.
Rufford Hall, Lancashire
The nineteen-generation descent of Maria Harriet (née Hesketh), Lady Haldon, from Edward III through his great-granddaughter Lady Elizabeth (née Mortimer) Percy, follows. Generations 12 to 19 are additions to Ruvigny.

Edward III had a 2nd surviving son
1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
2) Lady Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355-1377) m. Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1352-1381), and had
5th Earl of Northumberland -
see Generation 7
3) Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (1371-1417) m. 1) Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403), and had
4) Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1394-1455) m. Lady Eleanor Neville (1403-1472, descended from Edward III), and had
5) Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) m. Eleanor Poynings (1428-1484, descended from Edward I), and had
6) Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland (c.1449-1489) m. Lady Maud Herbert (c.1457-by 1487), and had
7) Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland (1478-1527) m. Katherine Spencer (1477-1542, descended from Edward III), and had
8) Sir Thomas Percy of Prudhoe Castle (c.1505-1537) m. Eleanor Harbottle (1504-1567, descended from Edward I), and had
9) Mary Percy (1531-1598) m. Francis Slingsby of Scriven Hall (c.1524-1600, descended from Edward I), and had
10) Sir WILLIAM SLINGSBY of The Strand, London, and of Kippax, Yorkshire, M.P. Knaresborough 1597-1604, Appleby 1626, b. 29 Jan. 1563; bur. 13 June 1638 St Martin in the Fields, London; m. 13 May 1616 St Mary Abchurch, London, ELIZABETH BOORD, b. c.1595; d. by 6 Mar. 1656 (when will was proved), dau. of Sir Stephen Boord of Boord Hill, Sussex (d. 1630) and Margaret Montagu, and had
Elizabeth (née Slingsby) Fortescue
- see Generation 11
11) ELIZABETH SLINGSBY[*1], bap. 18 Feb. 1619 St Clement Danes, London; d. Norton Conyers House, Wath, Yorkshire, bur. 23 Jan. 1695 St Mary Church, Wath; m. 1st 1639, Col. CHICHESTER FORTESCUE, Heir of Dromiskin Castle, co. Louth, Ireland, b. c.1615; d. (killed during siege) 1642 Drogheda, co. Louth, son of Sir Faithful Fortescue of Dromiskin Castle (1586-1666, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Hon. Anne Moore (c.1592-1634), and had
12) ELIZABETH FORTESCUE, b. 1642; bur. 25 June 1705 St Mary Church, Wath; m. by 1660, Sir RICHARD GRAHAM, 1st Baronet of Norton Conyers, bap. 11 Mar. 1636 St Mary Church, Wath; bur. there 21 Dec. 1711, yr son of Sir Richard Graham, 1st Baronet of Esk (1583-1654) and Katherine Musgrave (1601-1650, descended from Edward III), and had
13) ANNE GRAHAM, bap. 6 Feb. 1677 St Mary Church, Wath, Yorkshire; bur. unknown [I'm unable to locate in the Rufford Church register an entry for her burial, which is odd]; m. 17 June 1697 St Mary Church, Wath, THOMAS HESKETH of Rufford Hall, Lancashire, b. there, bap. 10 Dec. 1677 St Mary Church, Rufford; bur. there 2 Mar. 1720, son of Thomas Hesketh of Rufford Hall (1647-1689, descended from Edward III) and Sydney Grosvenor (1642-1702, descended from Edward III), and had
Thomas Hesketh - see
Generation 14
14) THOMAS HESKETH of Rufford Hall, M.P. Preston 1722-27, b. Norton Conyers House, bap. 26 June 1698 St Mary Church, Wath; d. 18 Apr. 1735, bur. 28 Apr. 1735 St Mary Church, Rufford; m. (lic. 7 July) 1722, as her 1st husband, MARTHA ST AMAND, bap. 15 Mar. 1705 St Paul Covent Garden, London; d. by 19 Feb. 1782 London (when her will was proved), bur. 20 Feb. 1782 St Paul Covent Garden, dau. of James St Amand of Covent Garden, apothecary (c.1643-1728) and Elizabeth Juxon (1664-1727, descended from Edward I), and had
15) Sir ROBERT HESKETH [later JUXON], 2nd Baronet of Rufford, b. 23 Apr. 1728 Rufford Hall, bap. 17 June 1728 St Mary Church, Rufford; d. 30 Dec. 1796 London, bur. 7 Jan. 1797 St Martin in the Fields, London; m. 19 Apr. 1748, SARAH PLUMBE, b. 17 Nov. 1727 Preston, Lancashire, bap. 28 Nov. 1727 St John Minster, Preston; d. July 1793 Wavertree Hall, Liverpool, Lancashire, bur. 27 July 1793 St Mary Church, Rufford, dau. of William Plumbe, heir of Wavertree Hall (1697-1761) and Sarah Towneley (1705-1776, descended from Edward III), and had
16) Capt. THOMAS HESKETH, Heir of Rufford Hall, b. 25 Mar. 1749 Liverpool, bap. 8 May 1749 St George Castle Street, Liverpool; d. 5 Jan. 1781 Preston, bur. 16 Jan. 1781 St Mary Church, Rufford; m. 1 Jan. 1771 St Margaret Church, Rochester, Kent, as her 1st husband, JANET DALRYMPLE, b. 1748; d. 7 Jan. 1802 London, bur. 11 Jan. 1802 St Mary Paddington, London, dau. of Hugh Dalrymple, Attorney General of Grenada (1727-1774) and Grissel Brown (c.1724-1767), and had
Sir Thomas Dalrymple Hesketh, 3rd Bt
- see Generation 17
17) Sir THOMAS DALRYMPLE HESKETH, 3rd Baronet of Rufford, b. 13 Jan. 1777 New York City, NY; d. 27 July 1842 Rufford Hall; m. 1st 5 Feb. 1798 St John Church, Chester, Cheshire, SOPHIA HINDE, b. c.1778 (aged 19 on her marriage licence); d. 6 Feb. 1817 Rufford Hall, bur. 13 Feb. 1817 St Mary Church, Rufford, dau. of Rev. Nathaniel Hinde, vicar of Shifnal 1794-1831 (1756-1831) and Elizabeth Hesketh (b. 1751), and had
18) Sir THOMAS HENRY HESKETH, 4th Baronet of Rufford, b. 11 Feb. 1799 Rufford Hall, bap. 1 Mar. 1799 St Mary Church, Rufford; d. 10 Feb. 1843 Westminster, London; m. 3 Apr. 1724 Cheltenham Minster, Gloucestershire, ANNETTE MARIA BOMFORD, b. c.1799 London; d. 17 Dec. 1879 Torquay, Devon, bur. 24 Dec. 1879 St Mary Church, Rufford, est. dau. of Robert Bomford of Rahinston House, Rathcore, co Meath, Ireland (c.1750-1817, descended from Edward III) and Maria Massy (1769-1848), and had
19) Maria Harriet Hesketh (1826-1905-see details above), wife of Lawrence Palk, 1st Baron Haldon
Ruvigny's account of Elizabeth Slingsby
on p. 121 of Mortimer-Percy (1911)

[*1] Ruvigny includes Elizabeth Slingsby on p. 121 of the Mortimer-Percy volume, stating she was "aged 8 in 1627." He was apparently unaware of either of her marriages. Following the death of her first husband, Elizabeth (Slingsby) Fortescue m. 2nd 1646, as his 2nd wife, John Villiers, 1st Viscount Purbeck, b. c.1591; d.s.p.l. 18 Feb. 1658 Charlton House, Kent. The elder brother of James I's favourite, the Duke of Buckingham, Elizabeth's second husband brought her a title but no further issue. Her only child was Elizabeth Fortescue (see Generation 12 above).

The next blogpost will look at some other lines from Edward III for Maria Harriet (née Hesketh), Lady Haldon.

Cheers,                                       -------Brad

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Ruvigny Continuation: Descendants of Lawrence Palk, 1st Baron Haldon (1818-1883)

Lawrence Palk, 1st Baron Haldon
Before the ancestry of Maria Harriet (née Hesketh) Palk, mother of Annette (née Palk) Baird, is explored, I wanted to update, and elaborate on, Ruvigny's account of Annette and her siblings, which can be found on pp. 130-131 of his 1907 Exeter volume. In an earlier post, I pointed out that Annette's father the 1st Baron Haldon had a line of descent from George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence, which had been overlooked by Ruvigny. So the 1st Baron Haldon, his children, and his siblings and their children, all qualify for inclusion in the marquis's previous 1905 Clarence volume (the children of the 2nd Baron Haldon do appear in that volume, on pp. 93-94, via their mother's descent from the duke).

The barony of Haldon existed for fifty-nine years, not a long timespan when compared to other hereditary peerages, with five barons holding the title, though only the first two sat in the House of Lords. The founder of the family's fortune was Robert Palk (1717-1798), the second son of a successful yeoman farmer in the parish of Ashburton, Devon, who took deacon’s orders after leaving Oxford University, and sailed for India in 1747 as chaplain to Admiral Boscawen’s expedition. Transferring to the service of the East India Company, he took up administrative duties, and was appointed to succeed George Pigot as governor of Madras. The stretch of sea between India and Sri Lanka, The Palk Straits, were named after Governor Palk.
Sir Robert Palk, 1st Bt (1717-1798)
He returned to England for good in July 1767, with a considerable fortune, settling in the small fishing village of Torquay on the Devon coast, where he purchased a large house, Torwood Grange. Palk was well received by the King, and was returned to Parliament by his home parish of Ashburton the same year. In 1769 he purchased and greatly enlarged and improved Haldon House, near Exeter, which he made his principal seat, and in recognition of his efforts in securing India for Britain, and for generally supporting the government in Parliament, Palk was created a baronet by George III. Both Palk's son the second baronet, and grandson the third baronet, also had successful political careers in Parliament, and developed Torquay and its harbour by building Haldon Pier, the Torquay market, Hesketh Crescent, the Imperial Hotel, and the Teign Valley Railway. This cost most of the fortune which Sir Robert Palk had amassed, and the third baronet spent the final decades of his life living in France avoiding creditors.

The Palks reached their peak politically during the reign of Queen Victoria in the person of Sir Lawrence Palk, the fourth baronet, who was so helpful and supportive to the Whigs that in 1880, after more than twenty-five years of loyalty in the Commons, he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Haldon. He was less successful financially: despite owning more than 10,000 acres of land in Devon, which generated an income of £109,275 in 1873, most of the money went into paying off loans and mortgages secured against the estates. Then there was the problem of his heir:
Caricature of 2nd Baron Haldon in Vanity Fair
Lawrence Hesketh Palk, unlike his father and their forebears, had no inclination for politics, nor did he prove very effective within the military (unlike his three younger brothers). What he excelled at was being a gentleman, and the London of the late-Victorian period was a banquet for the aristocracy. The caricature of him drawn for Vanity Fair magazine later in his life fits completely into the stereotype of the English gentleman: starched collar, stuffed shirt, monocle, hands in his pockets. He had made a very good marriage at the age of 22 to Constance, the 21-year-old eldest of the three daughters and co-heirs of the 7th Viscount Barrington, and they had four children in their first seven years of marriage, making their home with her parents at their seat Beckett House, in Shrivenham, Berkshire. But by the close of the 1870s, the marriage was on the rocks. In the summer of 1880, mere weeks after her father-in-law was elevated to the peerage as Baron Haldon, Hon. Constance Palk ignored her husband's wishes, and embarked on a trip to Italy and Egypt. Whether or not she ever returned to England is not certain from the court documents, but what is certain is that she never returned to her marriage. In May 1882, she filed for divorce on the grounds that her husband had been having an affair in London with one Clara Mary Charlotte Smith. In his response, Lawrence Hesketh Palk denied the adultery and claimed it was his wife's abandonment of him that was the real issue. Ten months later, in March 1883, Lawrence Hesketh's father died, and he succeeded as 2nd Baron Haldon. Two weeks later, he came to an agreement with his estranged wife: they asked that the petition for divorce be dismissed, but they remained permanently separated, with the new Lady Haldon making her home in Naples. Though he had staved off the scandal of a divorce, the 2nd Baron Haldon could not stave off the creditors, and the next few years saw tremendous pressure put on him by financial institutions to sell the family holdings. In 1892, Haldon House and the surrounding area as well as Torquay and the harbour were all sold, forcing the second Lord Haldon into bankruptcy, which in turn forced him out of his seat in the House of Lords. The peerage that had been granted as the result of a long political career now had no voice whatsoever in the political process. The 2nd Baron Haldon retired to Fulham, a middle-class suburb of London, where he lived modestly but generously, and was beloved by the locals.
Haldon House, Devon. The main house was demolished in 1920.
What remains has been made into a hotel.
The financial difficulties of the family, combined with their parents' separation, devastated the children of the 2nd Baron Haldon, and the three younger ones never married, while Lawrence William Palk, the eldest child and heir to the barony, would come to wish he never did. He was 23 years old when the family seat of Haldon House was sold, and already surpassing his father in the gentleman-in-London lifestyle.
Lidiana (née Maichlé), Mdlle. Minska
He took up with Lidiana (née Maichlé) Drew, a twice-married Swiss-born actress, twelve years his senior, who billed herself as Mdlle. Minska, and who was having success on the Drury Lane stage. She was in the process of divorcing her second husband Swedish-born Erik Forssell when she began the affair with young Lawrence William Palk, who brashly married her in March 1893 at St James Westminster. The couple then went to Australia with Lawrence William hoping to rebuild the family fortunes, and a son was born there three years later. When he made money on the goldfields, Lawrence William went to Sydney, and qualified as a mining engineer, but as he approached his thirties the young heir realized that the marriage he had made in the heat of passion, had turned sour. He joined the Imperial Yeomanryand served in the South African War, while his wife returned to the stage, now billing herself as Lady Haldon. Even before he succeeded to the title at his father's death on the last day of 1903, the 3rd Baron Haldon had begun proceedings to nullify his marriage, claiming that his wife's attempt to divorce her previous husband Erik Forssell had not proved successful, and so his own marriage to her was bigamous. Lady Haldon countered that in October 1892 she had obtained from the Magistrate's Court in Stockholm, a permanent decree of divorce from Forssell. When World War I broke out, Lord Haldon, despite being in his mid-40s, joined up as a private, and fought bravely, being mentioned in despatches. Back in England following the War, Lord Haldon, who described himself as "a peer by birth and a mining engineer by profession," found that neither earned him a living. Though previous attempts to nullify his marriage, made in 1902 and in 1905, had failed, Lord Haldon tried again. A deed of separation was obtained in 1920, followed by the attempt of his estranged wife, long retired from the stage, to recover money from him, which resulted in the court in Croydon, Surrey, awarding her, in October 1922, £2/month, which it deemed all that Lord Haldon was able to afford. He collected his mail at the House of Lords, but slept in low-rent boarding houses, and even on park benches, as the press discovered after he was caught in a police round-up of vagrants along the Thames.
3rd Baron Haldon (1869-1933)
His wife's death at the end of 1928, finally freed up the nearly 60-year-old Lord Haldon to improve his lot through a second marriage. The woman he settled on was the 62-year-old Edith (née Biggs) Brightman, a comfortably middle-class widow of a Bristol boot manufacturer and dealer, and with her money, they set themselves up in a modest flat in the London suburb of Clapham. By April 1930, fourteen months after their marriage, the couple were now in an extremely cheap boarding house in Brixton. Lady Haldon took off on her own one evening at the end of the month, and her body was discovered by Brighton police the morning of May 1st at the base of the 100-foot Black Rock cliff, after a boy reported to them that he had seen a woman fall over the cliff. The press once again had a field day with Lord Haldon when he appeared at the inquest and collapsed in sobs at the end of his testimony. Though the court did not come to the verdict of suicide, the general public did. Lord Haldon retired to the West Country, dying at age 63 in an inexpensive boarding house in a Cornish village. When he was buried with his parents in the parish churchyard of Kenn, a few yards from Haldon House, the only family to attend was his sister Florence Palk. His long-estranged son, the new Lord Haldon, was a no-show.

Lawrence Edward Broomfield Palk succeeded as 4th Baron Haldon at the age of thirty-six, and the new 20th-century head of the family was a far cry from the 18th-century family founder and first baronet, Sir Robert Palk. He started off promisingly enough: he was placed in Beaumont College, a Jesuit-run prep school known familiarly as the "Catholic Eton." On the outbreak of World War I, Lawrence Edward followed in his father's footsteps and enrolled with the Royal Engineers, serving with them in Gallipoli, Egypt and Mesopotamia, and rising to the rank of Captain. But on his return to England after the war, he went AWOL in London in June 1919, then was court-martialed in September for bouncing cheques. This was a harbinger of things to come. Later in life, the disgraced and impoverished heir would ascribe "a harum-scarum youth" as the reason for at various times working as "an engineer, soldier, flax-farmer in Kenya, cinema actor, furniture salesman, and even a cook on a cargo boat." What he failed to include in his list was convicted thief.
St John Churchyard, Toft, Cheshire
After being repatriated from Nairobi in 1921 under a Vagrancy Act, a Westminster court sentenced him in September 1922 to three months imprisonment for stealing £640 worth of property. Upon his release, he travelled third class to South America, possibly to jump-start his engineering career, but was back in London by the summer of 1923. In December 1926, the 30-year-old Lawrence Edward Palk disappeared altogether, and his concerned father Lord Haldon had his picture splashed across the London papers, with the added descriptive, "Looks and is a malarial subject." This turned out to be Palk fleeing from yet another robbery: he was apprehended in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, having not eaten for a week, and the next month convicted by a Marylebone court of two counts of robbery and fraud. He was sentenced in March 1928 by a Tottenham court to two months' hard labour for stealing rings, and when Palk found himself once again in the dock a few months later in September, charged with stealing by the Croydon police court, his father Lord Haldon described him as "hopeless." His mother Lady Haldon died two months later in November 1928, and the following year Lawrence Edward was working as a waiter at a hotel in Holborn when he met Irene Felix, a 28-year-old woman who lived with her father in a small flat in Clerkenwell. They became friends and confidants over the next nine years, and as Irene later relayed to the press, Lawrence Edward, now Baron Haldon, wished to marry her but it was impossible due to his dire financial straits. In December 1937 he became too ill to work at his job addressing envelopes at an advertising firm, and he would visit Irene and her father in Clerkenwell every day for a meal. The following month a woman contacted Lord Haldon by letter, saying she had been a close companion of his father the 3rd Baron in his last years, then offered to pay for his medical care through his illness and to provide a small allowance for him when he recovered. She signed herself "Lady Marcia Clive." Over the next few months, Lady Clive would infrequently make trips into London and see Lord Haldon but never for more than a few days. On the night of August 14th, 1938, the 42-year-old baron collapsed on the steps of Westminster Hospital from a burst gastric ulcer, a hurried operation proved unsuccessful in saving him, and he died two days later, with Irene Felix the last person to see him alive at his bedside.  Lady Clive then descended upon London, gave an interview to the Daily Mail where she claimed to be his grieving widow, they having secretly married in Scotland after a long romantic history. She had  Lord Haldon's body removed from London and buried in the churchyard at Toft, Cheshire, where she had a country cottage. Meanwhile Irene Felix claimed to reporters that Lord Haldon had expressed his desire to her that he wished to be buried with his mother in the Catholic cemetery at Kensal Green.
Palk of Haldon coat of arms
[Sable, an eagle, displayed, argent,
beaked and membered or, within a
bordure, engrailed, of the second

Succeeding as 5th Baron Haldon was Lt-Col. E. Arthur Palk, the only surviving son of the 1st Baron Haldon. He was an 84-year-old veteran of the South African War, a childless widower who had been living in seclusion as an invalid at Little Testwood House, in the Hampshire parish of Totton. It was hardly on the scale of Haldon House, where the octogenarian had grown up, but it was comfortable and respectable. Five months later in January 1939, the fifth and final Baron Haldon died in his bed, but though he came to a peaceful end, his title did not. Scandal hadn't quite finished with the Barons Haldon. Two months later on March 15th, the papers announced that "yesterday Lady Haldon of Tunstall, Stoke-on-Trent, widow of the 4th Lord Haldon who died in August last year, gave birth at her country residence at Toft near Knutsford, Chershire on Monday night. The baby will be christened Lawrence Edward Broomfield after his father." It took over a year for the truth to out:
Lizzie Summers aka
'Lady Marcia Clive'
'Lady Haldon' was 'Lady Marcia Clive,' and she was not a lady of means in her forties as she claimed to be, but a 61-year-old adventuress with multiple marriages in her past who had been determined to snare a title. Florence Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Summers, born in 1879, ran away from home to go live with a gamekeeper whose wife had died. She had three children with him before they legally wed in 1907, but she abandoned him and during World War I met Capt. Arthur Ireland, a physician who had come to England with the Canadian Medical Corps. She married him bigamously in 1917, and they had their only child the following year when Lizzie was age 40. When this marriage collapsed ten years later, Lizzie decided she wanted a title, but her awkward attempt to snare the 3rd Baron Haldon after the suicide of his second wife in 1930, which involved barging into his Brixton boarding house and letting it be known that she was his intended next wife, failed. She floundered for awhile: a brief marriage (1935-36) to an insurance salesman 24 years her junior, netted her nothing. But the next brief marriage, to homosexual con artist Frederick Linwood who went by the assumed name of 'Lord Hugh Clive,' which was annulled on the grounds of non-consummation, did allow her to use the moniker 'Lady Marcia Clive.' By that point, the 4th Baron Haldon's illness became known to her, and she wormed her way into his life. In March 1939, she sent her secretary into a Cheshire village asking if there was an unwanted child to be adopted. A woman, Mrs. Basford, took up the offer and turned over her infant son. Lizzie, using her physician ex-husband (whom she would re-marry later that year), staged a show for the press. Dr. Ireland was stepped forward as a witness to the 'birth', which helped to motivate the vicar of Toft to baptize the changeling Lizzie cradled in her arms in her cottage as the son of the late Baron Haldon. In the ensuing months, Lizzie did return the infant boy to his mother Mrs. Basford, and sadly he died soon afterwards. In December 1940, Lizzie was found guilty by a jury of double bigamy, and of forging a birth registration. The judge, ruling that uncontrollable vanity drove her to these acts, sentenced her to three years penal servitude, and her secretary and co-conspirator to twelve months. It was an ignominious end to the barony of Haldon, but considering that some forty years previous, the then holder of the title, the 2nd Baron Haldon, had been caricatured in the pages of Vanity Fair, perhaps not an inappropriate one.
Ruvigny's account of the 1st Baron Haldon  and his descendants
from his 1907 Exeter volume pp. 130-131
LAWRENCE PALK, 1st Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 30 Jan. 1818 Marylebone, London, bap. 26 Feb. 1818 St Marylebone Parish Church; d. 22 Mar. 1883 Haldon House, Kenn, Devon, bur. 29 Mar. 1883 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn, est. son of Sir Lawrence Vaughan Palk, 3rd Baronet of Haldon (1793-1860, descended from Henry IV) and his 1st wife Anna Eleanora Wrey (1787-1846, descended from Edward III); m. 15 Nov. 1845 St Mary Church, Rufford, Lancashire, MARIA HARRIET HESKETH, bap. 26 Nov. 1826 St Mary Church, Rufford; d. 18 Dec. 1905 Eastfield House, Whitchurch-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, bur. 21 Dec. 1905 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn, only dau. of Sir Thomas Henry Hesketh, 4th Baronet of Rufford (1799-1843, descended from Edward III) and Annette Maria Bomford (c.1799-1879, descended from Edward III), and had issue, four sons and two daughters.
2nd Baron Haldon (1846-1903)

Issue of 1st Baron and Maria Harriet (Hesketh) Haldon:

1) LAWRENCE HESKETH PALK, 2nd Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 6 Sept. 1846 Haldon House, bap. 27 Nov. 1846 St Andrew Church, Kenn; d. 31 Dec. 1903 Fulham, Middlesex; m. 30 Sept. 1868 St Andrew Church, Shrivenham, Berkshire (separated 1883), Hon. CONSTANCE MARY BARRINGTON, b. 16 Jan. 1847 Beckett House, Shrivenham, bap. 6 Apr. 1847 St Andrew Church, Shrivenham; d. 2 May 1926 Palazzo Capomazza di Campolatta, Naples, Italy, est. dau. of George William, 7th Viscount Barrington (1824-1886, descended from Edward III) and Isabel Elizabeth Morritt (1826-1898), and had issue, two sons and two daughters.

Issue of 2nd Baron and Constance Mary (Barrington) Haldon:

1A) LAWRENCE WILLIAM PALK, 3rd Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 13 July 1869 Grosvenor Gardens, London, bap. 29 July 1869 St Paul Knightsbridge, London; d. 12 Jan. 1933 Stratton Cottage 'Hospital', Cornwall, bur. 17 Jan. 1933 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn; m. 1st 10 Feb. 1893 St James Church, Westminster, as her 3rd husband[*1], LIDIANA AMALIA CREZENCIA (MAICHLÉ) DREW (FORSSELL), London actress under stage name 'Mdlle. Minska', b. c.1856 Switzerland (per 1891 Census of England & Wales); d. 26 Nov. 1928 Marylebone, London, bur. St Mary Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green, Middlesex, dau. of Jacob William Maichlé, officer Imperial Russian Army(?), and had issue, one son; m. 2nd 29 Jan. 1929 Westminster, London, as her 2nd husband, EDITH CASTLE (BIGGS) BRIGHTMAN, bap. 13 Oct. 1867 St James Church, Bristol, Gloucestershire; d. 1 May 1930 Brighton, Sussex, widow of Ernest Charles Brightman of Cotham Park, boot manufacturer and dealer (1864-1915), and dau. of William Ball Biggs of Clifton, merchant (1836-1911) and Mary Louisa Tovey (1836-1915).
Hon. Lawrence Charles Walter Palk

Issue of 3rd Baron and Lidiana (Maichlé) (Drew) (Forssell) Haldon:

1A1) LAWRENCE EDWARD BROOMFIELD PALK, 4th Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 13 May 1896 Mosman, New South Wales, Australia; d. unm. 16 Aug. 1938 Westminster Hospital, London, bur. 19 Aug. 1938 St John Churchyard, Toft, Cheshire.

1B) Hon. LAWRENCE CHARLES WALTER PALK of Belgravia, lieutenant-colonel Hampshire regiment, b. 28 Sept. 1870 Haldon House, bap. 16 Nov. 1870 St Andrew Church, Kenn; k. unm. in action 1 July 1916 Beaumont-Hamel, Somme, Picardy, France, bur. Sucrerie Military Cemetery, Colincamps, Picardy.

Hon. Florence Annette Palk
1C) Hon. FLORENCE ANNETTE GEORGINA PALK, b. 21 Oct. 1871 Beckett House, bap. 3 Dec. 1871 St Andrew Church, Shrivenham; d. unm. 22 Apr. 1958 Acton, Middlesex.

1D) Hon. MARY EVELYN PALK, b. 28 Oct. 1875 South Kensington, London; d. unm. 1 Feb. 1966 Isle of Thanet District Hospital, Margate, Kent.

2) Lt. ROBERT HENRY PALK, 23rd (Royal Welch) Fusiliers, b. 3 Oct. 1848 Haldon House, bap. 18 Mar. 1849 St Michael & All Angels Church, Dunchideock, Devon; d. unm. (of malaria contracted in Gibraltar) 6 Mar. 1878 Grosvenor Gardens, London, bur. 13 Mar. 1878 St Andrew Churchyard, Kenn.

3) Lt. WALTER GEORGE PALK, Royal Horse Artillery, b. 22 Nov. 1849 Haldon House, bap. 16 Dec. 1849 St Michael & All Angels Church, Dunchideock; d. unm. (of fever) 1 May 1876 Ambala, Haryana, India.

4) Hon. ANNETTE MARIA PALK, b. 19 Sept. 1851 Haldon House, Kenn, bap. 19 Oct. 1851 St Michael & All Angels Church, Dunchideock, Devon; d. 21 May 1884 Ury House, Fetteresso, Kincardineshire, Scotland, bur. Howff Park, Ury; m. 16 July 1873 St Peter Eaton Square, London, Sir ALEXANDER BAIRD, 1st Baronet of Ury, b. 22 Oct. 1849 Old Monkland, Lanarkshire, Scotland; d. 20 June 1920 Cairo, Egypt, son of John Baird of Ury House (1798-1870) and Margaret Findlay (d. 1883), and had issue, two sons and five daughters.

5) Hon. EVELYN ELIZABETH PALK, b. 6 Mar. 1853 Haldon House, bap. 3 Apr. 1853 St Michael & All Angels Church, Dunchideock; d. 10 Feb. 1935 Littlecroft, Headington Hill, Oxford; m. 26 Apr. 1882 St Paul Knightsbridge, London, Maj. ERNEST GAMBIER PARRY of Highnam Court, Gloucestershire, b. 25 Oct. 1853 Highnam Court, bap. 11 Dec. 1853 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam; d. there 15 Apr. 1936, bur. 18 Apr. 1936 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam, son of Thomas Gambier Parry of Highnam Court (1816-1888) and his 2nd wife Ethelinda Lear (1826-1896), and had issue, two sons.
Gambier Parry coat of arms
[Argent, a fesse between
three lozenges sable

Issue of Hon. Evelyn Elizabeth (Palk) and Ernest Gambier Parry:

5A) THOMAS ROBERT GAMBIER PARRY of Oxford, Keeper Oriental Dept. Bodleian Library 1931-35, b. 13 Feb. 1883 Belgravia, London, bap. 1 Apr. 1883 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam; d. unm. 15 Feb. 1935 Oxford, bur. 20 Feb. 1935 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam.

5B) (THOMAS) MARK GAMBIER PARRY of Highnam Court, b. 29 May 1884 Belgravia, bap. 5 July 1884 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam; d. unm. 9 Aug. 1966 Highnam Court, bur. 15 Aug. 1966 Holy Innocents Church, Highnam.

6) EDWARD ARTHUR PALK, 5th Baron Haldon of Haldon, b. 26 June 1854 Portman Square, London, bap. 10 July 1854 St George Hanover Square; d.s.p. 11 Jan. 1939 Little Testwood House, Totton, Hampshire; m. 18 July 1883 St Swithin Church, Shobrooke, Devon, CHARLOTTE FRANCES SHELLEY, b. 21 May 1855 Bere Ferrers, Devon, bap. 17 June 1855 St Andrew Church, Bere Ferrers; d.s.p. 12 Jan. 1931 Little Testwood House, only dau. of Rev. Sir Frederick Shelley, 8th Baronet of Michelgrove (1809-1869, descended from Edward III) and Charlotte Martha Hippisley (1812-1893).
Little Testwood House, Totton, Hampshire

[*1] Lidiana Maichlé m. 1st (allegation 23 Apr.) 1881 St James Westminster, Delos Fenimore Drew, ticketing agent, b. 29 Nov. 1853 Michigan, USA; d. 10 Aug. 1886 Chicago, Illinois, USA, bur. Oakwood Cemetery, Adrian, Lenawee County, Michigan, son of Daniel Delos Drew of Chicago, ticketing agent (c.1830-1884); m. 2nd 26 Oct. 1886 Registrar Office, Strand, London (alleged divorce Oct 1892 Stockholm, Sweden), Erik Fredrik Bolvid Forssell of Sweden.

It's interesting to note that of the twelve adult grandchildren of the 1st Baron Haldon, only five went on to have children themselves, and that today, the only living descendants of the 1st Baron Haldon are those of his elder daughter, Hon. Annette Baird.

The next blogpost will look at a line of descent from Edward III for Maria Harriet (née Hesketh), Lady Haldon, that is an addition to Ruvigny's 1911 Mortimer-Percy volume.

Cheers,                              ------Brad

Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Edward III Descents for Dorothy (née Shafto), Countess of Lisburne (1734-1805)

Dorothy (née Shafto), Countess of Lisburne (1734-1805)
Having explored the ancestry of Elizabeth Nightingale, the first wife of the first earl of Lisburne, it's now time to turn to the ancestry of his second wife, Dorothy Shafto, who is an ancestress of the present earl of Lisburne, of Hon. Annette Maria (née Palk) Baird, and of Diana, Princess of Wales.

The Shaftos can be traced back to the 15th-century, when William Shafto married the heiress of Bavington Hall in Northumberland and acquired that estate. A younger branch of the family established themselves as merchant adventurers in Newcastle-on-Tyne in the following century, intermarried with leading gentry families of that city, including Riddell, Brandling, and Eden, and served terms there as mayor and sheriff. Mark Shafto (1602-1660) was a second son who pursued a career in law, and served as Recorder of Newcastle. Since the family seat Benwell Tower, in the west end of the city, was the inheritance of his elder brother, Mark needed his own seat for his family and purchased Whitworth Park, on the river Wear in county Durham, in 1652. He had married Mary Legard, the daughter of a Newcastle merchant who was, in turn, descended from the Yorkshire gentry family seated at Anlaby Hall, and their elder surviving son Robert followed in his father Mark's footsteps and pursued a legal career. Robert Shafto was a Royalist during the Civil War, and this served him well at the Restoration, when he was reinstated as Recorder of Newcastle, eventually knighted, and became the first member of the family to marry into the Edward I bloodline, taking to wife Katherine, one of the four surviving daughters and co-heirs of a former Speaker of the House of the Commons, Sir Thomas Widdrington of Cheeseburn Grange Hall in Northumberland, and a granddaughter of the 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron. Sir Robert Shafto's only son and heir Mark Shafto (1662-1723) served a term as High Sheriff of county Durham, and maintained a London residence, but otherwise lived quietly and held no other public office. This was not the case for his elder son Robert Shafto (1690-1729), who was first returned to Parliament by the city of Durham in 1712 at age 21. When Robert died childless in 1729, six years after his father, his younger brother John Shafto not only inherited Whitworth Park, but the seat in Parliament as well, being returned by the city of Durham the following year in a close election.
Whitworth Park, co. Durham
JOHN SHAFTO of Whitworth Park, co Durham, M.P. Durham City 1730-42, bap. 16 Mar. 1692 St Anne Soho, London; d. 3 Apr. 1742 London, bur. 19 Apr. 1742 Whitworth Church, Durham, yr son of Mark Shafto of Whitworth Park (1662-1723, descended from Edward III - see Generation A13 below) and Margaret Ingleby (1663-1715, descended from Edward III - see Generation B12 below); m. 20 May 1731 St Michael Bassishaw, London, as her 1st husband, DOROTHY JACKSON[*1], b. c.1708/9 ("aged upwards of twenty two years" in her marriage bond 8 May 1731); d. Jan. 1768 Pendley, Hertfordshire, bur. 14 Jan. 1768 Whitworth Church, only dau. of Thomas Jackson, town clerk of London (1675-1737) and his 2nd wife Mary White, and had issue, three sons and three daughters.

Issue of John and Dorothy (Jackson) Shafto:
Robert Shafto (1732-1797)

1) ROBERT SHAFTO of Whitworth Park, 'Bonny Bobby Shafto,' M.P. Co. Durham 1760-88, Downton 1780-90, b. 17 May 1732 Bedford Row, London, bap. 5 June 1732 St Andrew Holborn, London; d. 24 Nov. 1797, bur. 30 Nov. 1797 Whitworth Church; m. 18 Apr. 1774 Grosvenor Square, London, ANNE DUNCOMBE, b. 28 Sept. 1750 London, bap. 19 Oct. 1750 St George Hanover Square, London; d. 16 Mar. 1783, only dau. of Thomas Duncombe of Duncombe Park (1724-1779, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Lady Diana Howard (1724-1770, descended from Edward III), and had issue, three sons.

2) DOROTHY SHAFTO, bap. 2 Apr. 1734 St Andrew Holborn, London; d. 12 Sept. 1805 Mamhead House, Devon, bur. 20 Sept. 1805 St Thomas Church, Mamhead; m. 19 Apr. 1763 St Andrew Holborn, as his 2nd wife, WILMOT VAUGHAN, 1st Earl of Lisburne, bap. 9 Jan. 1728 Holy Trinity Church, Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumberland; d. 6 Jan. 1800 Mamhead House, bur. 14 Jan. 1800 St Thomas Church, Mamhead, er son of Wilmot Vaughan, 3rd Viscount Lisburne (c.1700-1766, descended from Edward III) and Elizabeth Watson (c.1705-1764), and had issue, one son and three daughters.

Issue of Dorothy (Shafto) and 1st Earl of Lisburne:

2A) Lady DOROTHY ELIZABETH VAUGHAN, b. 13 May 1764 Mamhead House, Devon, bap. 6 Jan. 1765 St Thomas Church, Mamhead; d. 15 Feb. 1849 Mayfair, London, bur. 23 Feb. 1849 St Andrew Church, Enfield, Middlesex; m. 15 May 1792 Harley Street, Marylebone, London, as his 2nd wife, Sir LAWRENCE PALK, 2nd Baronet of Haldon House, bap. 6 Mar. 1766 Fort St George, Madras, India; d. 20 June 1813 Mayfair, London, bur. 3 July 1813 St George Church, Shillingford, Devon, son of Sir Robert Palk, 1st Baronet of Haldon House (1717-1798) and Anne Vansittart (1738-1788, descended from Henry IV), and had issue, six sons and two daughters.
Earl of Lisburne heraldic achievement

2B) JOHN VAUGHAN, 3rd Earl of Lisburne, M.P. Cardigan Boroughs 1796-1818, b. 3 Mar. 1769; d. 18 May 1831, bur. 24 May 1831 St Andrew Church, Enfield; m. 2 Aug. 1798 St Clement Church, Powderham, Devon, Hon. LUCY COURTENAY, b. 13 June 1770 Powderham Castle, Devon, bap. 16 July 1770 St Clement Church, Powderham; d. 17 Dec. 1821 Château de L'Épine, Auvergne, France, bur. 3 Jan. 1822 St Andrew Church, Enfield, dau. of William, 2nd Viscount Courtenay of Powderham (1742-1788, descended from Edward III) and Frances Clack (d. 1782), and had issue, five sons and one daughter.

2C) Lady MALLET VAUGHAN, b. 30 July 1770 Mamhead House, bap. 5 Aug. 1770 St Thomas Church, Mamhead; d. unm. 9 Jan. 1858 Dawlish, Devon, bur. 16 Jan. 1858 St Thomas Church, Mamhead.
Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford

2D) Hon. THEODOSIA CHARLOTTE VAUGHAN, b. 27 Feb. 1773 London, bap. 8 Apr. 1773 St Martin in the Fields; d. in infancy, bur. 30 Apr. 1773 St Andrew Church, Enfield.

3) MARGARET SHAFTO, bap. 19 Feb. 1735 St Andrew Holborn; d. unm. 13 Mar. 1818 Bromley, Kent, bur. 24 Mar. 1818 St Peter & St Paul Church, Bromley.

4) Rev Dr. THOMAS GOODFELLOW SHAFTO, Canon of Christ Church Oxford 1783-99, b. Whitworth Park, bap. 30 Aug. 1736 Whitworth Church; d. unm. 17 Oct. 1799 Christ Church, Oxford, bur. Christ Church Cathedral.

5) MARY SHAFTO, bap. 6 Feb. 1738 St Andrew Holborn; d. young (presumably).

6) JOHN SHAFTO, b. 29 Jan. 1740 Bedford Row, London, bap. 23 Feb. 1740 St Andrew Holborn; d. in infancy, bur. there 18 Apr. 1740.

Marriage bond of John Shafto and Dorothy Jackson, 8 May 1731
[*1] There is confusion in the Shafto of Whitworth accounts regarding the Jackson wife of John Shafto (and mother of Dorothy, countess of Lisburne), starting with her first name. Robert Surtees, in his 1823 Pedigree of Shafto of Whitworth, says she was "Mary, dau. and heir of Thomas Jackson Esq. Town-clerk of the City of London and of Nunnington co. York," and this is followed by Burke's Landed Gentry, Complete Peerage, History of Parliament and ODNB. It is clear, however, from her marriage and burial entries, that her first name was not 'Mary' but 'Dorothy.' Surtees was correct in his identification of her father. Nineteenth-century historian Charles Jackson, in an appendix to The Autobiography of Mrs. Alice Thornton, of East Newton, Co. York (1873), provides further information on the Jacksons of Nunnington, including a transcription of a M.I. in Stonegrave Church, Yorkshire. When combined with the parish register of St Lawrence Jewry in London, and Boyd's Inhabitants of London, a clear picture emerges of the father of Dorothy Jackson, wife of John Shafto. Thomas Jackson, Town Clerk of London 1724-37, bap. 10 Jan. 1675 St Nicholas Church, Stonegrave; d. 6 July 1737, bur. 12 July 1737 St Lawrence Jewry, London, yst son of Thomas Jackson of Nunnington in Stonegrave (c.1631-1702) and his wife Mary --- (c.1636-1679); m. 5 Jan. 1703 St James Church, Westminster, Bridget Goodfellow, bur. 7 Nov. 1705 St Lawrence Jewry. What also is clear is that Thomas Jackson and his wife Bridget had two children only, sons, both named Thomas, who died in infancy: Thomas Jackson, bap. 28 Sept. 1703 St Lawrence Jewry, and Thomas Jackson, bap. 24 Apr. 1705 St Lawrence Jewry, bur. there 10 Sept. 1705. We know from her marriage bond that Dorothy Jackson was aged upwards of 22 years in May 1731, so born in 1708-09, and was of the parish of St Michael Bassishaw in London. If she was legitimate, her father Thomas Jackson the Town Clerk must then have taken a second wife after the death of Bridget in 1705.
Marriage entry for Thomas Jackson and Mary White
All Hallows Lombard Street register
Thomas Jackson of the parish of St Michael Bassishaw and Mary White of the parish of St Giles Cripplegate were married 22 Oct. 1706 All Hallows Lombard Street, London. John and Dorothy (née Jackson) Shafto named their three daughters Dorothy, Margaret and Mary. Since 'Margaret' was the name of John's mother, it makes sense that 'Mary' may be the name of Dorothy's mother (which could also explain Surtees's error in 1823). So her first name, and the parish of St Michael Bassishaw, is strong evidence that Mary White was the second wife of Thomas Jackson the Town Clerk, and mother of his only surviving child, Dorothy Jackson, wife of John Shafto. Unfortunately, I was unable to locate a baptism entry for Dorothy Jackson in the various London parish register databases, so I cannot prove that Mary White was her mother, but there is enough evidence that I'm comfortable in making her so in my database. Following the 1742 death of John Shafto of Whitworth Park, Dorothy (Jackson) Shafto m. 2nd (lic. 12 June) 1746, William Wynne, whom I am unable to further identify. As there are no evident Edward I lines of descent behind the Jacksons of Nunnington, they fall outside the scope of my project. But as ancestors of Prince William through his mother Diana, Princess of Wales, the family is undoubtedly of interest and hopefully other genealogists will be able to shed further light.

Through her father, Dorothy (née Shafto), countess of Lisburne, has several lines of descent from Edward III. The seven through that monarch's granddaughter Joan (née Beaufort), countess of Westmorland, follow.

Edward III had a 3rd surviving son
Eleanor (née Neville),
Countess of Northumberland

- see Generation A3
A1) John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) m. 3) Katherine Roet (c.1350-1403), and had
A2) Lady Joan Beaufort (c.1377-1440) m. twice, and had a son G3 and three daus A3, E3 and F3 (see below)
A3) Lady Eleanor Neville, by 2nd husband (1403-1472) m. 2) Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1394-1455, descended from Edward III), and had
A4) Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) m. Eleanor Poynings (1428-1484, descended from Edward I), and had
A5) Lady Margaret Percy (b. c.1447) m. Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (see E6 below), and had four daus A6, B6, C6 and D6 (see below)
A6) Margaret Gascoigne (b. c.1470) m. Ralph, 3rd Lord Ogle (1468-1513, descended from Edward I), and had
A7) Dorothy Ogle (c.1498-bef.1570) m. 1) Sir Thomas Forster of Adderstone (d. 1527), and had
A8) Sir John Forster of Bamburgh Castle (d. 1602) = --- Mawclaine, and had
A9) Dorothy Mawclaine, illegit. (d. 1625) m. Thomas Widdrington of Ashington (d. 1590, descended from Edward I), and had
A10) Lewis Widdrington of Cheeseburn Grange Hall (d. 1630) m. Katherine Lawson (b. c.1580), and had
A11) Sir Thomas Widdrington of Cheeseburn Grange Hall (c.1600-1664) m. Hon. Frances Fairfax (see D11 below), and had
Shafto of Whitworth coat of arms
A12) KATHERINE WIDDRINGTON, b. c.1642; d. 31 Aug. 1676 Newcastle-on-Tyne, Northumberland, bur. 2 Sept. 1676 St John Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne; m. 18 July 1661 St Pancras Old Church, London, Sir ROBERT SHAFTO of Whitworth Park, co. Durham, bap. 13 May 1634 St Nicholas Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne; d. there 21 May 1705, bur. 25 May 1705 St Nicholas Church, Newcastle-on-Tyne, er son of Mark Shafto of Whitworth Park (1601-1659) and Mary Legard, and had
A13) MARK SHAFTO of Whitworth Park, b. 8 Apr. 1662 Newcastle-on-Tyne, bap. 11 Apr. 1662 St John Church, Newcastle; d. 28 Dec. 1723, bur. 4 Jan. 1724 Whitworth Church; m. 23 Oct. 1683 All Saints Church, Ripley, Yorkshire, MARGARET INGLEBY (see B12 below), and had
A14) John Shafto of Whitworth Park (1692-1742-see details above) m. Dorothy Jackson (c.1709-1768), and had
A15) Dorothy Shafto (1734-1805-see details above) m. Wilmot Vaughan, 1st Earl of Lisburne

B6) Elizabeth Gascoigne (c.1480-1559) m. Sir George Tailboys of South Kyme (1467-1538, descended from Edward I), and had
B7) Cecily Tailboys (b. c.1500) m. 1) Sir William Ingleby of Ripley Castle (1494-1528, descended from Edward I), and had
Ingleby of Ripley coat of arms
B8) Sir William Ingleby of Ripley Castle (1518-1578) m. Anne Mallory (c.1520-1588), and had
B9) Sampson Ingleby of Spofforth Castle (c.1560-1604) m. Jane Lambert (c.1570-1628), and had
B10) Sir William Ingleby, 1st Baronet of Ripley Castle (1594-1653) m. Anne Bellingham (see C10 below), and had
B11) Sir William Ingleby, 2nd Baronet of Ripley Castle (1621-1682) m. Margaret Savile (c.1638-1697, descended from Edward I), and had
B12) MARGARET INGLEBY, b. Ripley Castle, bap. 21 Mar. 1663 All Saints Church, Ripley; d. 12 Sept. 1715 Whitworth Park, bur. 16 Sept. 1715 Whitworth Church; m. 23 Oct. 1683 All Saints Church, Ripley, MARK SHAFTO (see A13 above)

C6) Anne Gascoigne (b. c.1482) m. Sir Thomas Fairfax of Gilling Castle (c.1476-1520), and had
C7) Sir Nicholas Fairfax of Gilling Castle (1498-1571) m. 1) Jane Palmes, and had
C8) Mary Fairfax (b. c.1530) m. Sir Henry Curwen of Workington Hall (1528-1596), and had
C9) Agnes Curwen m. Sir James Bellingham of Helsington (d. 1642), and had
C10) Anne Bellingham (d. 1640) m. Sir William Ingleby, 1st Baronet of Ripley Castle (see B10 above)

D6) Dorothy Gascoigne (c.1485-c.1520) m. Sir Ninian Markenfield of Markenfield Hall (c.1482-1528, descended from Edward I), and had
2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron -
see Generation D10
D7) Eleanor Markenfield (c.1510-c.1533) m. Robert Aske, Heir of Aughton Hall (see F8 below), and had
D8) Robert Aske of Aughton Hall (c.1533-1590) m. 1) Elizabeth Dawnay (see G7 below), and had
D9) Eleanor Aske (c.1566-1620) m. Thomas, 1st Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1560-1640, descended from Edward I), and had
D10) Ferdinando, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1584-1648) m. 1) Lady Mary Sheffield (c.1592-1619, descended from Edward I), and had
D11) Hon. Frances Fairfax (1612-1649) m. Sir Thomas Widdrington of Cheeseburn Grange Hall (see A11 above)

E3) Mary Ferrers, by 1st husband (1394-1458) m. Sir Ralph Neville of Oversley (1395-1458, descended from Edward I), and had
E4) John Neville of Oversley (c.1415-1482) m. Elizabeth Newmarch (b. 1415), and had
E5) Joan Neville (c.1434-bef.1482) m. 1) Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (c.1428-1463), and had a son K6 & a dau L6 (see below)
E6) Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (c.1450-1487) m. Lady Margaret Percy (see A5 above)
Aske of Aughton coat of arms

F3) Elizabeth Ferrers, by 1st husband (1393-1434) m. John, 4th Lord Greystoke (c.1390-1436), and had
F4) Anne Greystoke (c.1417-1477) m. Sir Ralph Bigod of Settrington (1410-1461), and had
F5) Elizabeth Bigod (c.1443-aft.1507) m. Sir John Aske of Aughton Hall (1443-1497), and had
F6) Sir Robert Aske of Aughton Hall (c.1463-1531) m. Elizabeth Clifford (c.1460-bef.1529, descended from Edward III), and had
F7) John Aske of Aughton Hall (c.1486-1544) m. Eleanor Ryther, and had
F8) Robert Aske, Heir of Aughton Hall (c.1510-1542) m. 1) Eleanor Markenfield (see D7 above)
1st Lord Latimer - see
Generation G3

G3) George Neville, 1st Lord Latimer, by 2nd husband (c.1411-1469) m. Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp (c.1411-1480, descended from Edward I), and had
G4) Sir Henry Neville (c.1435-1469) m. Joan Bourchier (c.1448-1470, descended from Edward III), and had
G5) Richard Neville, 2nd Lord Latimer (1468-1530) m. 1) Anne Stafford (d. by 1521), and had
G6) Dorothy Neville (1496-1532) m. Sir John Dawnay of Sessay (d. 1553), and had
G7) Elizabeth Dawnay (b. c.1530) m. Robert Aske of Aughton Hall (see D8 above)

This completes the Edward III lines for Lawrence Palk, 1st Baron Haldon (1818-1883). The next blogpost will look at a line of descent from Edward III for his wife Maria Harriet Hesketh that is an addition to Ruvigny's Mortimer-Percy volume.

Cheers,                            -------Brad

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Ruvigny Addition: Exeter Descent for Elizabeth (née Crowley), Countess of Ashburnham (1727-1781)

Elizabeth (née Crowley), Countess of Ashburnham
John Ashburnham lost his mother in 1731 when he was only six years old. Six years later when his father died, the 12-year-old John succeeded to the earldom of Ashburnham and several estates, chief of which was Ashburnham Place in Sussex, the seat of the family for six hundred years, since the early 12th-century. The young earl still had his maternal grandfather Henry Grey, Duke of Kent, to help guide his adolescence, until that peer's death in 1740 when John was sixteen. In 1743, John's uncle--his father's only surviving brother--Hon. Bertram Ashburnham, died unmarried, making the 19-year-old earl literally the last surviving male of the Ashburnham line. The 1st Earl of Ashburnham had been a successful courtier, a Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and the young second earl followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a Lord of the Bedchamber to King George II in 1748 at age 24. Though the entire future of the Ashburnham line and title depended on John producing a legitimate male heir, he took his time to find a wife. It wasn't until 1756, when he was age 31, that he finally did marry. Undoubtedly the young second earl of Ashburnham could have chosen a wife from among dozens of ladies at court, so it's interesting that the lady he settled on wasn't even from among the peerage. She was Elizabeth Crowley, the younger daughter of a deceased politician, and she was rich ... very rich. Through his bride, the earl of Ashburnham gained a fortune of £200,000, as well as a formidable mother-in-law, Theodosia (née Gascoigne) Crowley, arguably the most remarkable businesswoman of the mid-eighteenth century, who, for the nearly three decades since her husband's 1728 death, had been overseeing, as his widow, the administration of his family business, the largest ironworks in Europe.
Crowley of Stourbridge Coat of Arms
[Vert, on a chevron or, a star of sixteen points
between two roses gules

When Ambrose Crowley, a nailmaker in a small village near Stourbridge, in Worcestershire, died in 1680, he possessed a six-room house, workshop and barn. His namesake son, Ambrose Crowley II, moved to the town proper, became a Quaker, and prospered as an ironmonger (i.e., a wholesaler of iron). His business in Stourbridge gained an international reputation, and he expanded beyond the Midlands to include enterprises in Wales and urban waterworks in Devon. Under the tenure of his eldest son, a third Ambrose Crowley (1658-1713), the family developed a vast nationwide organization, with a massive ironworks located in the Valley of the Derwent in county Durham, near Newcastle, offices in London, and a warehouse and transportation network all over Britain. This was enough to earn Ambrose Crowley III fame, a seat in the House of Commons, and a knighthood [Anthony F.C. Wallace, The Social Context of Innovation: Bureaucrats, Families, and Heroes in the Early Industrial Revolution, As Foreseen in Bacon's New Atlantis, 2003, pp. 72-75]. When Sir Ambrose died in 1713, his 24-year-old only son John Crowley took over the Crowley Iron Works, worth well over £100,000. Two years later, he married Theodosia, the only surviving daughter of Rev. Joseph Gascoigne, vicar of Enfield, a London suburb. When her mother died in 1726, it was arranged between Theodosia Crowley and her wealthy only surviving brother Joseph Gascoigne Nightingale, for her to inherit Barking Hall in Suffolk, the seat of their mother's family the Theobalds. John Crowley died twelve years after his marriage, leaving the 34-year-old Theodosia with six children, aged nine to less than a year. For the next five decades, Theodosia took over the administration of Crowley Iron Works. She was joined by her two sons when they reached maturity, though both died unmarried at age 35. Indeed, Theodosia would outlive all six of her children, as the monument to her and her children in Barking Church sadly points out: "Mrs. Theodosia Crowley, widow of the said John Crowley, Esq., who survived all her children, and lived to a great age, an exemplary pattern of virtue and goodness, blest with a most amiable disposition, her constant wish was to make others happy, being generous to private distress, and very charitable to the Poor, no one was more esteemed while living, or more lamented at her death." 
Ruvigny's 1907 account of the Descendants of Anne (Nightingale) Theobald
Ruvigny, on p. 434 of his Exeter volume, makes it clear that he wasn't certain if there were any descendants of Sir Francis and Anne (Nightingale) Theobald living at the beginning of the 20th century. It is only through that couple's great-granddaughter Elizabeth (née Crowley), Countess of Ashburnham, that there were descendants living in Ruvigny's lifetime, and indeed continuing to the present day, including the famous Mitford sisters of the 20th century. For an excellent account of the Ahburnham family, see Nick Kingsley's article 'Ashburnham of Ashburnham Place, Earls of Ashburnham' on his Landed Families of Britain and Ireland site. Following is an elaboration and continuation of Ruvigny's account, along with the descent of Elizabeth, countess of Ashburnham, from Edward III through Anne, Duchess of Exeter.

ANNE NIGHTINGALE, b. 1625; d. 25 Oct. 1668, bur. St Mary Church, Barking, Suffolk, only dau. of Robert Nightingale, Heir of Newport Pond (c.1605-1639, descended from Edward I) and Theodosia Chester (c.1605-1683, descended from Edward III - see Generation 11 below); m. 7 Aug. 1649 St Mary Colechurch, London, her stepbrother, Sir FRANCIS THEOBALD of Barking Hall, Suffolk, bap. 13 Mar. 1621 St Mary Aldermanbury, London; bur. 1 Feb. 1679 St Mary Church, Barking, son of Francis Theobald of Barking Hall (d. 1652) and his 1st wife Sarah Crompton (d. 1631), and had issue, two sons and three daughters.
Theobald of Barking Coat of Arms

Issue of Anne (Nightingale) and Sir Francis Theobald:

1) THEODOSIA THEOBALD, bap. 12 Aug. 1651 St Mary Church, Barking; d. unknown; (?)m. 1676 All Saints Church, Colchester, Essex, WILLIAM CLENCH - further history not known[*1]

2) FRANCIS THEOBALD, Heir of Barking Hall, b. 28 Aug. 1654 Barking Hall, bap. 7 Sept. 1654 St Mary Church, Barking; d. unm., bur. there 19 Sept. 1676.

3) ANNE THEOBALD, b. 16 Feb. 1655 Barking Hall, bap. 21 Feb. 1655 St Mary Church, Barking; d. 9 Oct. 1726, bur. 18 Oct. 1726 St Andrew Church, Enfield, Middlesex; m. 19 June 1687 St Mildred Bread Street, London, Dr. JOSEPH GASCOIGNE, Vicar of Enfield 1681-1721, b. Cambridge, bap. 19 Feb. 1643 Holy Trinity Church, Cambridge; d. 11 July 1721 Rectory House, Enfield, bur. 18 July 1721 St Andrew Church, Enfield, son of Joseph Gascoigne of Cambridge, cordwainer (d. 1666) and Jane --- (d. 1666)[*2], and had issue, four sons and three daughters.
St Andrew Church, Enfield, Middlesex

Issue of Anne (Theobald) and Dr. Joseph Gascoigne:

3A) ANNE GASCOIGNE, bap. 19 June 1688 St Andrew Church, Enfield; bur. there 14 July 1691.

3B) THEOBALD GASCOIGNE of Barking Hall, bap. 25 Sept. 1689 St Andrew Church, Enfield; d. unm. 16 Oct. 1714, bur. 21 Oct. 1714 St Mary Church, Barking.

3C) SARAH GASCOIGNE, bap. 2 Oct. 1690 St Andrew Church, Enfield; bur. there 24 Apr. 1693.

3D) JOSEPH GASCOIGNE, bap. 14 June 1692 St Andrew Church, Enfield; bur. there 9 Feb. 1694.

3E) THEODOSIA GASCOIGNE, bap. 28 Sept. 1693 St Andrew Church, Enfield; d. 7 May 1782 Grosvenor Square, London, bur. 15 May 1782 St Mary Church, Barking; m. 15 Dec. 1715 St Andrew Church, Enfield, JOHN CROWLEY of Barking Hall, M.P. Okehampton 1722-27, Queensborough 1727-28, b. 27 June 1689 Chadwick, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire; d. 2 Jan. 1728, bur. 14 Jan. 1728 St Mary Church, Barking, only son of Sir Ambrose Crowley of Greenwich (1658-1713) and Mary Owen (d. 1727), and had issue, two sons and four daughters.

Issue of Theodosia (Gascoigne) and John Crowley:

3E1) AMBROSE CROWLEY of Barking Hall, b. 15 Aug. 1718 Greenwich, Kent, bap. 29 Sept. 1718 St Alfege Church, Greenwich; d. unm. 22 May 1754, bur. 1 June 1754 St Mary Church, Barking.

3E2) JOHN CROWLEY of Barking Hall, bap. 3 Mar. 1720 All Hallows the Less, London; d. unm., bur. 13 July 1755 St Mary Church, Barking.

3E3) MARY CROWLEY, bap. 2 Apr. 1721 All Hallows the Less, London; d.s.p. 27 Feb. 1746, bur. St Peter & St Paul Church, Shelford, Nottinghamshire; m. 29 May 1745, as his 2nd wife, Hon. Sir WILLIAM STANHOPE of Eythrope, Buckinghamshire, M.P. Buckinghamshire 1727-68, b. 20 June 1702 London, bap. 29 July 1702 St Clement Danes, London; d. 7 May 1772 Dijon, Burgundy, France, 2nd son of Philip Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Chesterfield (1673-1726, descended from Edward III) and Lady Elizabeth Savile (c.1673-1708, descended from Edward III).
Boone of Lee Place Coat of Arms

3E4) ANNE CROWLEY, bap. 5 Aug. 1722 St Alfege Church, Greenwich; d. young 17 Nov. 1734.

3E5) THEODOSIA CROWLEY, bap. 27 Dec. 1723 All Hallows the Less, London; d. 9 Jan. 1765 Bath, Somersetshire, bur. St Mary Church, Barking; m. 8 Dec. 1762 St George Hanover Square, London, as his 1st wife, CHARLES BOONE of Lee Place, Kent, M.P. Castle Rising 1757-68, 1784-96, Ashburton 1768-84, b. c.1729; d. 3 Mar. 1819, son of Charles Boone of Rook's Nest, Surrey, M.P. Ludgershall 1727-34 (d. 1735) and his 2nd wife Mary Garth, and had issue, one daughter.

Issue of Theodosia (Crowley) and Charles Boone:

3E5A) THEODOSIA BOONE, bap. 11 July 1764 St George Hanover Square; d. unm., bur. 9 June 1781 St Mary Church, Barking.
2nd Earl of Ashburnham

3E6) ELIZABETH CROWLEY, bap. 17 Mar. 1727 All Hallows the Less, London; d. 5 Feb. 1781 Bath, bur. 17 Feb. 1781 St James Church, Ashburnham, Sussex; m. 28 June 1756 St George Hanover Square, JOHN ASHBURNHAM, 2nd Earl of Ashburnham, b. 30 Oct. 1724; d. 8 Apr. 1812 Ashburnham House, Hay Hill, Mayfair, London, bur. 18 Apr. 1812 St James Church, Ashburnham, only son of John Ashburnham, 1st Earl of Ashburnham (1687-1737, descended from Edward III) and his 3rd wife Lady Jemima Grey (1699-1731, descended from Edward III0, and had issue, two sons and four daughters.

3F) JOSEPH GASCOIGNE [later NIGHTINGALE] of Enfield, Middlesex, M.P. Stafford 1727-34, b. Rectory House, Enfield, bap. 19 Dec. 1695 St Andrew Church, Enfield; d. 16 July 1752 Rectory House, Enfield, bur. 25 July 1752 Westminster Abbey; m. 24 June 1725 St George Hanover Square, London, Lady ELIZABETH SHIRLEY, bap. 26 Oct. 1703 St Mary Church, Nantwich, Cheshire; d. 17 Aug. 1731 London, bur. 26 Aug. 1731 Westminster Abbey, est dau. of Washington Shirley, 2nd Earl Ferrers (1677-1729, descended from Edward III) and Mary Levinge (1684-1740), and had issue, three sons and one daughter.

3G) ROBERT GASCOIGNE [later NIGHTINGALE] of Enfield, designated heir of his mother's first cousin Sir Robert Nightingale, 5th Baronet of Newport Pond July 1722, b. 27 Feb. 1698 Rectory House, Enfield, bap. 24 Mar. 1698 St Andrew Church, Enfield, d. unm. (of smallpox) 2 Nov. 1722, bur. 8 Nov. 1722 St Andrew Church, Enfield.

4) ROBERT THEOBALD of Barking Hall, b. 21 Jan. 1658 Barking Hall, bap. 22 Jan. 1658 St Mary Church, Barking; d. unm., bur. 28 Oct. 1690 St Mary Church, Barking.

5) SARAH THEOBALD, b. 20 Aug. 1660 Barking Hall, bap. same day; d. unm., bur. 29 Mar. 1688 St Mary Church, Barking.
St Mary Church, Barking, Suffolk

[*1] All that William C. Pearson, in his 1892 'Pedigree of Theobald of Barking Hall, &c.' in East Anglian Volume 4, says of Theodosia Theobald is that she "Prob[ably] died young." In the Boyd's Marriage Indexes, 1538-1850 (accessed through Find My Past), there is a marriage of Theodosia Theobald to William Clench in 1676 at All Saints Colchester, Essex. This would have to refer to the Theodosia Theobald baptized in 1651, as we know her twice-widowed grandmother Theodosia (Chester) (Nightingale) Theobald did not remarry after the death of her second husband. I can find nothing further online regarding William Clench or his wife Theodosia, though hopefully the entry in the original parish register would shed further light. It's very likely, even if she did marry William Clench, that Theodosia (née Theobald) died without surviving issue.

[*2] Dr. Joseph Gascoigne's father Joseph Gascoigne was a cordwainer (maker of high-quality leather boots and shoes), churchwarden and parish councillor who had a house with yard and gardens in Shoemakers Row, Holy Trinity Parish, Cambridge, and a booth at Stourbridge Fair. A burgess of the city, Joseph Sr. died of the plague in September 1666, followed by his wife Joan two weeks later [Evelyn Lord, The Great Plague: A People's History, 2014, pp. 120-21]. These Gascoignes bore the same arms as the Yorkshire gentry family seated at Gawthorpe Hall, but exactly how Joseph Gascoigne the Cambridge cordwainer descended from that family is not clear.

Edward III had a second surviving son,
Anne, Duchess of Exeter -
see Generation 6
1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
2) Lady Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355-1377) m. Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1352-1381), and had
3) Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (1374-1398) m. Lady Alianore Holland (1370-1405, descended from Edward I), and had
4) Lady Anne Mortimer (1388-1411) m. Richard of York, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (1385-1415, descended from Edward III), and had
5) Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (1411-1460) m. Lady Cecily Neville (1415-1495, descended from Edward III), and had
6) Anne Plantagenet, Duchess of Exeter (1439-1476) m. 2) Sir Thomas St Leger (by 1438-1483), and had
7) Lady Anne St Leger (1475-1526) m. George Manners, 11th Lord Ros (1470-1513, descended from Edward I), and had
8) Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland (c.1497-1543) m. 2) Eleanor Paston (c.1505-1551, descended from Edward I), and had
9) Lady Katherine Manners (c.1540-1573) m. Henry Capell of Hadham Hall (c.1533-1588, descended from Edward I), and had
10) ANNE CAPELL, b. 8 June 1566 Rayne Hall, Essex, bap. 13 June 1566 All Saints Church, Rayne; d. Mar. 1642 (will dated 12 Mar., proved 26 Mar. 1642); m. 30 July 1587 St Cecilia Church, Little Hadham, Essex, Sir ROBERT CHESTER of Royston Priory, Hertfordshire, b. 30 June 1566; d. 3 May 1640, son of Edward Chester of Royston Priory and Katherine Granado, and had
11) THEODOSIA CHESTER, b. c.1605; bur. 1 Oct. 1683 St Mary Church, Barking, Suffolk; m. 1st [*3], ROBERT NIGHTINGALE, Heir of Newport Pond, Essex, b. c.1605; d. 30 Apr. 1639, son of Sir Thomas Nightingale, 1st Baronet of Newport Pond (d. 1645) and his 1st wife Millicent Clerke (d. by 1614, descended from Edward I), and had
Gascoigne Coat of Arms
12) Anne Nightingale (1625-1668-see details above) m. Sir Francis Theobald of Barking Hall (1621-1679), and had
13) Anne Theobald (1655-1726-see details above) m. Dr. Joseph Gascoigne of Enfield (1643-1721), and had
14) Theodosia Gascoigne (1693-1782-see details above) m. John Crowley of Barking Hall (1689-1728), and had
15) Elizabeth Crowley (1727-1781-see details above) m. John, 2nd Earl of Ashburnham

[*3] Theodosia (Chester) Nightingale m. 2nd 1 July 1640 St Margaret Church, Westminster, as his 2nd wife, Francis Theobald of Barking Hall, bur. 3 Feb. 1653 St Mary Church, Barking, who, by his first wife, was the father of Sir Francis Theobald of Barking Hall (see Generation 12 above).

The next blogpost will examine the Edward III descents behind Dorothy (née Shafto), Countess of Lisburne.

Cheers,                      ----Brad