Thursday, May 19, 2016

Edward III Descents for Mary (née Henley), Countess Ligonier (c.1750-1814)

Henley Coat of Arms
[Azure, a lion rampant argent,
crowned with a ducal coronet or,
in a bordure argent, charged
with eight torteauxes
It's taking me longer than I had originally thought it would to enter the descendants of the 2nd Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough into my database. So far, tracing them has led to a forester in Ontario, Canada, a florist in Philadelphia (both early 20th-century North American immigrants descended from Henry VII), and the wife of a Nobel Peace Prize winner, among several others. They hopefully will make a fascinating series of posts starting early next week. In the meantime, I'll turn in this post from the descendants of the 2nd Viscount Wentworth, to the ancestry of his wife.

"The most liberal & the best of Women My Dearest Mary" is how Viscount Wentworth referred to his wife in a letter he wrote to his sister Lady Milbanke in the summer of 1791. Lady Milbanke, however, whose ambition often out-paced her intelligence, and who, from the evidence of her letters and behaviour, showed symptoms of what today is called anxiety disorder, felt otherwise about her sister-in-law, who outranked her both in birth and title: she blamed her for what she perceived was a coldness from her brother. "It really hurts me very much that my Brother should have so little desire to see my Child," Judith Lady Milbanke whined in a letter to her aunt Mary Noel (1725-1802) in the summer of 1797. The child was Annabella Milbanke, whom Judith had given birth to five years previous when aged 40, and whom the lady was determined to make not only the heiress of the Milbankes but that of the Noels as well. Judith's letter prompted a reprimand from her aunt, an experienced woman who saw people in a far more well-rounded light than her temperamental niece: "I am very sure your Brother loves you as much as he can love anything but his dear Mary...It is not now in any bodys power to do you & yours any Injury, as most of his estate was primarily settled upon you & your heirs by his Marriage Settlement after her...She [Mary] certainly does shew the greatest regard & love for him, & is very good to him in money matters, & you know he was always a dupe to the female he lived with, & when all is said we have all our prejudices."
Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington

Lady Mary Henley was born about 1750, the third of the five daughters of Robert, 1st Earl of Northington, a cabinet minister who had been high in favour with King George III, receiving both his earldom and the position of Lord Chancellor of England from that monarch. Northington died when Lady Mary was about age 21, and two years later in 1773, she married Edward, Viscount Ligonier, a handsome military officer whose first marriage to the unfaithful Penelope Pitt had ended in a scandalous divorce. Though married over eight years, Mary was unable to provide her husband, promoted to the rank of Major-General in 1775, and created Earl Ligonier of Clonmell the following year, with an heir to succeed to his titles. His premature death in 1782 at the age of 42 left Countess Ligonier a widow in her early 30s, with a sizeable fortune, increased when her brother the 2nd Earl of Northington died childless in 1786, leaving Mary and their other four sisters as his coheirs. Small, delicate and kind, Countess Ligonier enjoyed playing cards and the latest fashions, and fell in love with Thomas Noel, 2nd Viscount Wentworth in the months following her brother's death. He had a tarnished past: he had taken a Catholic mistress while on the continent, with whom he lived for several years in England, fathering two children with her. They had separated before her 1781 death, and he had begun a romance with Lady Anne Lindsay (1750-1825), which when he met Countess Ligonier was still ongoing. When Lady Anne eventually broke off with Viscount Wentworth, he turned to Countess Ligonier, and the 42-year-old Wentworth wed Mary, in her late 30s, in February 1788.

The Henleys were a Somerset family descended from a Marian martyr in Taunton. They were granted arms in 1612 and acquired a dozen properties, mostly small, in south-west Somerset and west Dorset, as well as a couple of manors in Devon. The senior branch, seated at Leigh in the parish of Winsham, Somersetshire, rose less rapidly in rank and wealth than their Hampshire cousins, but was the first to marry into the Edward I bloodline when Henry Henley of Leigh (c.1612-1696) took for his second wife Bridget Bampfylde (d. 1657), from the gentry family long established at Poltimore House in Devon. But the Countess Ligonier sprung from the junior branch of the family, founded by Henry's first cousin Robert Henley of Soper Lane, London (d. 1656) who, by his successive occupation of two immensely lucrative offices, first as a Six Clerk in Chancery, and then as chief clerk of the King’s bench (worth £22,500 by his own account), outstripped the senior line both in wealth and status. Robert Henley acquired considerable property in Somerset, Dorset and Hampshire, besides an ‘adventure’ of 5,500 acres in the fens. Henley bequeathed £10,000 to his second (and namesake) son, Robert Henley (c.1624-1692), together with some houses in Lincoln’s Inn Fields. Cavaliers during the Civil War, at the Restoration, the younger Robert Henley was able to enjoy the reversion to the King’s bench office, worth £4,000 a year. He brought the bloodline of Edward I to his branch of the family when, as a childless widower, he married in February 1663, Katherine, the fifth of the nine daughters of Anthony Hungerford of Fairleigh Castle. Her father having died five years prior in 1657, it was Katherine's widowed mother, Rachel (née Jones) Hungerford, who consented to the match. What the Henleys lacked in pedigree was more than made up for in financial stability. Money ran through the hands of Katherine's eldest brother Sir Edward Hungerford (1632-1711), the new family head, like water--at one point he is said to have paid 500 guineas for a wig--so it must have been a relief to him, as well as to his mother, that Katherine was marrying a man so financially well-off. Though Katherine's marriage portion could not have been large, she brought to her husband a lineage that stretched back centuries: the Hungerfords could trace their line back to the 12th century, had held a barony during the tumultuous 15th century, and in 1663 could still claim the status of the leading family in Wiltshire. In addition, Katherine's father Anthony Hungerford had inherited from his childless elder brother, the magnificent Farleigh Castle in Somersetshire. Robert Henley celebrated his marriage into the Hungerford family by taking one of his properties, The Grange, a modest house in the parish of Northington, Hampshire, and turning it into an impressive four storey red brick residence which he made his chief seat. When he died in 1692, Robert Henley left his son and heir Anthony an inheritance said to be worth £3,000 per year.
The Grange, in Northington, Hampshire
With no children of her own, Countess Ligonier was able to bestow generosity on her new husband and his family: her fortune was able to help pay off most of Viscount Wentworth's debts, she was attentive to his spinster aunt Mary Noel, and accepting and supportive of her illegitimate stepchildren. Though she apparently lacked warmth (General Bowater, an old family friend of the Noels, referred to her as "almost to an Icycle" in 1805), Countess Ligonier earned the devotion of her husband, who was inconsolable at her death in 1814, and followed her to the grave less than a year later.

1st Earl Ligonier of Clonmell
Lady MARY HENLEY, b. c.1650; d.s.p. 29 June 1814 Kirkby Hall, Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire, bur. All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, 3rd dau. of Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington (c.1708-1772 - see A14 below) and Jane Husband (1716-1787 - see B15 below); m. 1st 14 Dec. 1773, as his 2nd wife, EDWARD, 1st Earl LIGONIER of Clonmell, b. c.1740; d.s.p. 14 June 1782, only son (illegitimate) of Col. Francis Augustus Ligonier (1683-1746) and Anne (Freeman) Murray; m. 2nd 2 Feb. 1788 Mayfair, London, THOMAS NOEL, 2nd Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough, b. 18 Nov. 1745 Kirkby Hall, bap. 21 Dec. 1745 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 17 Apr. 1815 Portman Square, London, bur. 28 Apr. 1815 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, only son of Edward Noel, 1st Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough (1715-1774, descended from Edward III) and Judith Lamb (1725-1761).

Mary, Countess Ligonier has several lines of descent from Edward III. The nine lines that are through his granddaughter Joan (née Beaufort), Countess of Westmorland, are as follows.

Edward III had a 3rd surv son
Eleanor (née Neville),
Countess of Northumberland

- see Generation A3
A1) John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) m. 3) Katherine Roet (c.1350-1403), and had
A2) Lady Joan Beaufort (1377-1440) m. twice, and had three daus A3, C3 & I3 and three sons D3, F3 & H3 (see below)
A3) Lady Eleanor Neville, by 2nd husband (1403-1472) m. 2) Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1394-1455, descended from Edward III), and had
A4) Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) m. Eleanor Poynings (1428-1484, descended from Edward I), and had
A5) Lady Margaret Percy (b. c.1447) m. Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (see C6 below), and had
A6) Elizabeth Gascoigne (c.1480-1559) m. Sir George Tailboys of South Kyme (1467-1538, descended from Edward I), and had two daus A7 and B7 (see below)
A7) Elizabeth Tailboys (b. c.1497) m. Sir Christopher Willoughby of Parham Hall (d. by 1540, descended from Edward I), and had
A8) Anne Willoughby (c.1517-1586) m. Edmund Hall of Greatford (by 1519-1592, descended from Edward I), and had
A9) Rachel Hall (c.1549-1629) m. Sir Arthur Hopton of Witham Friary (c.1545-1607, descended from Edward I), and had
A10) Frances Hopton (c.1592-1642) m. 1) Rice Jones of Asthall House (d. 1615), and had
A11) Rachel Jones (c.1612-1680) m. Anthony Hungerford of Fairleigh Castle (1607-1657, descended from Edward I), and had
Anthony Henley -
see Generation A13
A12) KATHERINE HUNGERFORD, b. Bourton Place, Black Bourton, Oxfordshire, bap. 11 June 1642 St Mary Church, Black Bourton; d. by 1674; m. 12 Feb. 1663 St Mary le Strand, London, as his 2nd wife, Sir ROBERT HENLEY of The Grange, Northington, Hampshire, b. 1631; d. 15 Dec. 1692, bur. St John Church, Northington, 2nd son of Robert Henley of London (1591-1656) and his 2nd wife Anne Eldred, and had
A13) ANTHONY HENLEY of The Grange, b. 1667; d. Aug. 1711; m. 8 Feb. 1700, as her 1st husband, MARY BERTIE (see D12 below), and had
A14) ROBERT HENLEY, 1st Earl of Northington, b. c.1708; d. 14 Jan. 1772 The Grange, bur. St John Church, Northington; m. 19 Nov. 1743 St George Hanover Square, London, JANE HUBAND (see B15 below), and had
A15) Lady MARY HENLEY (c.1750-1814 - see details above), Countess Ligonier

B7) Anne Tailboys (b. c.1510) m. 1) Sir Edward Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court (by 1508-1567, descended from Edward I), and had
B8) Sir Robert Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court (c.1530-1580) m. Lady Bridget Fiennes de Clinton (b. c.1535, descended from Edward I), and had
B9) Margaret Dymoke (d. aft.1611) m. Sir Vincent Fulnetby of Fulnetby Hall (d. 1623, descended from Edward I), and had
Amcotts Coat of Arms
B10) Jane Fulnetby (c.1575-1628) m. Sir Richard Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (c.1564-1629), and had
B11) William Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (c.1593-1639) m. Anne Bennett (b. c.1600), and had
B12) John Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (1630-1655) m. Rhoda Hussey (1635-1659), and had
B13) Rhoda Amcotts (1653-1692) m. Sir Thomas Broughton, 2nd Baronet of Broughton (see I12 below), and had
B14) Rhoda Broughton (1680-1745) m. Sir John Huband, 2nd Baronet of Ipsley (see E11 below), and had
B15) JANE HUBAND, b. Jan. 1716 Ipsley Court, Warwickshire, bap. 3 Feb. 1716 St Peter Church, Ipsley; d. 12 Sept. 1787 Grosvenor Square, London, bur. St John Church, Northington; m. 19 Nov. 1743 St George Hanover Square, ROBERT HENLEY, 1st Earl of Worthington (see A14 above)

C3) Mary Ferrers, by 1st husband (1394-1458) m. Sir Ralph Neville of Oversley (1395-1458, descended from Edward I), and had
C4) John Neville of Oversley (c.1415-1482) m. Elizabeth Newmarch (b. 1415), and had
C5) Joan Neville (c.1434-bef.1482) m. 1) Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (c.1428-1463), and had
C6) Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (c.1450-1487) m. Lady Margaret Percy (see A5 above)

D3) Edward Neville, 3rd Lord Abergavenny, by 2nd husband (c.1417-1476) m. twice, and had a dau D4 and a son E4 (see below)
D4) Margaret Neville, by 2nd wife (c.1455-1506) m. John Brooke, 7th Lord Cobham (c.1447-1512, descended from Edward I), and had
D5) Thomas Brooke, 8th Lord Cobham (c.1475-1529) m. 1) Dorothy Heydon (c.1477-by 1515), and had
Sir Thomas Wyatt -
see Generation D7
D6) Elizabeth Brooke (c.1503-1560) m. Sir Thomas Wyatt of Allington Castle (c.1503-1542), and had
D7) Sir Thomas Wyatt of Allington Castle (by 1521-1554) m. Jane Haute (d. aft.1595), and had
D8) Anne Wyatt (1542-1592) m. Roger Twysden of Roydon Hall (1542-1603), and had
D9) Jane Twysden (1572-1639) m. Sir William Monyns, 1st Baronet of Waldershare (c.1570-1643), and had
D10) Sir Edward Monyns, 2nd Baronet of Waldershare (c.1600-1663) m. Elizabeth Style (d. 1703), and had
D11) Susan Monyns (1651-1697) m. Hon. Peregrine Bertie of Waldershare (c.1634-1701, descended from Edward I), and had
D12) MARY BERTIE, b. c.1679; d. aft.1719; m. 1st 8 Feb. 1700, ANTHONY HENLEY of The Grange (see A13 above)

E4) George Neville, 4th Lord Abergavenny, by 1st wife (1440-1492) m. 1) Margaret Fenne (c.1444-1485), and had
E5) Sir Edward Neville of Addington Park (by1482-1538) m. Eleanor Windsor (d. 1531, descended from Ed
Huband Coat of Arms
ward I), and had
E6) Edward Neville, 7th Lord Abergavenny (c.1518-1589) m. 1) Katharine Brome (b. c.1530), and had
E7) Grissell Neville (c.1565-by 1614) m. Sir Henry Poole of Oaksey (1564-1632, descended from Edward I), and had
E8) Elizabeth Poole (c.1590-1622) m. John Huband of Ipsley Court (c.1585-1650), and had
E9) Ralph Huband of Ipsley Court (1613-1651) m. Anne Tevery (d. 1672), and had
E10) Sir John Huband, 1st Baronet of Ipsley (c.1649-1710) m. Jane Paulet (see F11 below), and had
E11) Sir John Huband, 2nd Baronet of Ipsley (c.1675-1717) m. Rhoda Broughton (see B14 above)

F3) Richard Neville, 1st Earl of Salisbury, by 2nd husband (c.1398-1460) m. Lady Alice Montagu (1406-1462, descended from Edward I), and had a dau F4 and a son G4 (see below)
F4) Lady Katherine Neville (c.1442-1504) m. 1) William Bonville, 6th Lord Harington (1442-1460, descended from Edward I), and had
F5) Cecily Bonville (1460-1529) m. 1) Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset (c.1456-1501, descended from Edward I), and had
Cecily (née Bonville),
Marchioness of Dorset
see Generation F5
F6) Lady Dorothy Grey (c.1485-1553) m. 1) Robert, 2nd Lord Willoughby of Broke (1472-1521), and had
F7) Elizabeth Willoughby (c.1510-by 1552) m. John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester (c.1510-1576, descended from Edward I), and had
F8) William Paulet, 3rd Marquess of Winchester (c.1532-1598) m. Agnes Howard (c.1534-1601, descended from Edward I), and had
F9) William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester (c.1552-1629) m. Lady Lucy Cecil (see G9 below), and had
F10) Lord Charles Paulet of Abbotts Ann (c.1610-1655) m. Elizabeth (---), and had
F11) Jane Paulet m. 2) Sir John Huband, 1st Baronet of Ipsley (see E10 above)

G4) John Neville, Marquess of Montagu (c.1431-1471) m. Isabel Ingaldesthorpe (1441-1476, descended from Edward I), and had
G5) Lady Lucy Neville (1468-1534) m. 2) Sir Anthony Browne of Calais (1443-1506, descended from Edward I), and had
G6) Elizabeth Browne (c.1502-1565) m. Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester (c.1496-1549, descended from Edward III), and had
Dorothy (née Neville),
Countess of Exeter
see Generation G8
G7) Lady Lucy Somerset (1523-1583) m. John Neville, 4th Lord Latimer (see H7 below), and had
G8) Dorothy Neville (1548-1609) m. Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter (1542-1623), and had
G9) Lady Lucy Cecil (1568-1614) m. William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester (see F9 above)

H3) George Neville, 1st Lord Latimer, by 2nd husband (c.1411-1469) m. Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp (c.1411-1480, descended from Edward I), and had
H4) Sir Henry Neville, Heir of Latimer (c.1435-1469) m. Joan Bourchier (c.1448-1470, descended from Edward III), and had
H5) Richard Neville, 2nd Lord Latimer (1468-1530) m. 1) Anne Stafford (d. by 1521), and had
H6) John Neville, 3rd Lord Latimer (1493-1543) m. 1) Dorothy Vere (c.1500-1526, descended from Edward I), and had
H7) John Neville, 4th Lord Latimer (1520-1577) m. Lady Lucy Somerset (see G7 above)

I3) Lady Anne Neville, by 2nd husband (c.1408-1480) m. 1) Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of 
Buckingham (1402-1460, descended from Edward III), and had
I4) Humphrey, Earl of Stafford (c.1425-1458) m. Lady Margaret Beaufort (c.1437-1474, descended from Edward III), and had
2nd Duke of Buckingham
- see Generation I5
I5) Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1455-1483) m. Lady Katherine Woodville (c.1458-1497), and had
I6) Lady Elizabeth Stafford (c.1481-by 1532) m. Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex (c.1483-1542, descended from Edward I), and had
I7) Sir Humphrey Radcliffe of Elstow (1509-1566) m. Isabel Harvey (1518-1594), and had
I8) Frances Radcliffe (c.1547-by 1584) m. Henry Cheke of Elstow (c.1548-1586), and had
I9) Mary Cheke (b. c.1575) m. Thomas Spencer of Claverdon (c.1570-1630), and had
I10) Alice Spencer (c.1594-1648) m. Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote Hall (1585-1640, descended from Edward I), and had
I11) Bridget Lucy (1621-1692) m. Sir Brian Broughton, 1st Baronet of Broughton (1618-1708), and had
I12) Sir Thomas Broughton, 2nd Baronet of Broughton (c.1650-1710) m. Rhoda Amcotts (see B13 above)

I will be very busy this weekend in Victoria, helping my partner out with a family project, but hope to have the next blogpost, on the children of Rev. Thomas Noel (Countess Ligonier's illegitimate stepson), and the Edward III descent of his first wife, posted Monday or Tuesday.

Cheers,                                -----Brad

Friday, May 13, 2016

Edward III Descents for Judith Noel, Lady Milbanke (1751-1822)

Judith Noel, Lady Milbanke (1751-1822)
Lord Byron's mother-in-law was a formidable woman, one of the most ambitious of the Regency period. The eldest daughter of the 1st Viscount Wentworth, Hon. Judith Noel made up for in intelligence what she lacked in beauty. At age 25, she was courted by Ralph Milbanke, a handsome, good-natured young man four years her senior, the heir to a baronetcy and several estates in Yorkshire and co. Durham. Judith brought a marriage portion of £8,000 to the Milbankes, and also brought an intolerant temperament that quickly alienated her husband's younger brother and his sister, the celebrated Whig hostess Lady Melbourne. Having suffered two miscarriages early in her marriage, as well as bouts of ill health from a blood disorder, Judith resolved that she would be childless. She focused her attentions on her husband's Parliamentary career, campaigning tirelessly for him, and on obtaining custody of her 3-year-old niece Sophia Curzon after the death of the girl's mother.

Arms of the Viscounts Wentworth
[1st and 4th, Noel;
2nd, Wentworth3rd, Lovelace]
[Image from European Heraldry]

By 1791, the Noels of Kirkby Mallory were facing a succession crisis. The 2nd Viscount Wentworth, blessed with good looks and a large inheritance, had led a decadent life, taking a mistress while on the continent with whom he fathered two children. In 1780, Lady Anne Lindsay (1750-1825), a poet and the 30-year-old eldest daughter of the Earl of Balcarres, had fallen in love with the Viscount, and had even gone so far as to meet with the Viscount's one-time mistress to assess the situation. Judith Milbanke worked hard to prevent her brother's marriage, and ended up successful. She claimed it was to spare Lady Anne a life with the decadent Viscount, but others observed that it also delayed her brother, who was age 35 in 1780, from fathering a legitimate heir. It wasn't until 1788 that the Viscount took a wife: Mary, the dowager Countess Ligonier, a childless widow in her late 30s. She had her own health issues, and it was certainly her fortune, not the prospect of fathering an heir, that had been the main reason for the heavily debt-burdened Viscount to walk down the aisle. By 1791, the Viscount and his surviving sister Judith were resigned to their 10-year-old nephew Nathaniel Curzon as the Viscount's heir, though Judith looked with disapproval on his being raised by his father Lord Scarsdale, whom she judged to be too decadent. Only their dear old spinster aunt Mary Noel (1725-1802), who had raised them and their sisters after their mother's early death, had any hope that the succession could change. She noticed the improved health of both Judith and the Countess Ligonier in the past year, and insisted that there was still hope of fertility, despite both women having just turned 40. And, the elderly lady was proven right, for in the fall of 1791, Judith conceived. At first believing she had entered menopause, Judith was shocked and delighted to discover it was instead the long-awaited heir to the Milbankes and the Noels. There was some disappointment when Judith gave birth to a girl in the spring, but the baby was healthy, and the middle-aged mother was delighted. All of her energy would now be focused on this miraculous heiress, and Judith was a lioness when it came to her daughter, as Lord Byron would come to experience firsthand. Judith used all her considerable influence to obtain the couple's legal separation after their troubled first year of marriage.

Details of Judith, her parents, her siblings, and their children, are followed by the four lines of descent from Edward III which Judith has, all through her father the 1st Viscount Wentworth.

1st Viscount Wentworth (1715-1774)
EDWARD NOEL, 1st Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough, b. 30 Aug. 1715 Kirkby Hall, Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire, bap. 11 Sept. 1715 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 31 Oct. 1774 Kirkby Hall, bur. 8 Nov. 1774 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, son of Sir Clobery Noel, 5th Baronet of Kirkby Mallory (1694-1733, descended from Edward III - see A15 below) and Elizabeth Rowney (c.1695-1743); m. 20 July 1744 St Mary Church, Wilby, Northamptonshire, JUDITH LAMB, b. 10 Jan. 1725; d. 3 Dec. 1761 Kirkby Hall, bur. 10 Dec. 1761 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, dau. of William Lamb of Wilby (d. 1747) and Martha --- (1685-1758), and had issue, one son and three daughters.

Issue of 1st Viscount Wentworth and Judith (Lamb) Noel:

1) THOMAS NOEL, 2nd Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough, b. 18 Nov. 1745 Kirkby Hall, bap. 21 Dec. 1745 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 17 Apr. 1815 Portman Square, London, bur. 28 Apr. 1815 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; m. 2 Feb. 1788 South Audley Street, London, MARY (HENLEY), Countess Ligonier of Clonmell, b. 1753; d.s.p. 29 June 1814 Kirkby Hall, bur. All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, widow of Edward, 1st Earl Ligonier of Clonmell (1740-1782), and dau. of Robert Henley, 1st Earl of Northington (c.1708-1772, descended from Edward III) and Jane Huband (1716-1787, descended from Edward III); by ANNA CATERINA VAN LOO, b. c.1750 Ghent, Flanders [Belgium]; d. 11 Sept. 1781 Wootton, England, had illegitimate issue, one son and one daughter.

Issue (illegitimate) of 2nd Viscount Wentworth and Anna Caterina van Loo:

1A) ANNA CATHERINE NOEL, b. 4 Nov. 1769 Noirefontaine, Bouillon, Belgium; d. Apr. 1840 Hookwood House, Limpsfield, Surrey, bur. 25 Apr. 1840 St Peter Church, Limpsfield; m. 14 June 1790 St Marylebone, London, VINCENT HILTON BISCOE of Hookwood House, b. Bedford Row, Holborn, London, bap. 22 Jan. 1767 St Andrew Holborn; d. 26 Nov. 1846 Great Malvern Priory, Worcestershire, son of Vincent John Biscoe of Bedford Row (1721-1770) and Benigna Gottlieb Shiffner (c.1722-1796), and had issue, five sons and seven daughters.
All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory

1B) Rev. THOMAS NOEL, Rector of Kirkby Mallory 1798-1853, b. 28 Dec. 1774 England, bap. 25 Apr. 1792 St Marylebone, London; d. 22 Aug. 1853 Plymouth, Devon; m. 1st 7 May 1796 St Mary Church, Bucklebury, Berkshire, CATHERINE SMITH, b. Claybrooke, Lutterworth, Leicestershire, bap. 21 Aug. 1773 St Mary Church, Lutterworth; d. 11 Mar. 1832 Norris Hill, Leicestershire, dau. of Holled Smith of Normanton Turville Hall (1732-1795, descended from Edward III) and Elizabeth Grace (1738-1786), and had issue, five sons and five daughters; m. 2nd 1 Mar. 1838 Town Hall, Calais, France, HENRIETTA ELIZABETH FISHER, b. 27 July 1808 Gravesend, Kent, bap. 28 Jan. 1812 St George Church, Gravesend; d. 27 Aug. 1878 St Stephen-By-Saltish, Cornwall, dau. of Thomas Fisher of Gravesend (d. 1814) and Mary (?)Milgate, and had further issue, two sons.

2) Hon. JUDITH NOEL, b. 3 Nov. 1751 Kirkby Hall, bap. 4 Nov. 1751 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 28 Jan. 1822 Kirkby Hall, bur. 5 Feb. 1822 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; m. 9 Jan. 1777 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, Sir RALPH MILBANKE [later NOEL], 6th Baronet of Halnaby, b. 28 July 1747 Chester Deanery, Chester-le-Street, co. Durham, bap. 20 Aug. 1747 St Mary & St Cuthbert Church, Chester-le-Street; d. 19 Mar. 1825 Hampstead, Middlesex, bur. 27 Mar. 1825 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, er son of Sir Ralph Milbanke, 5th Baronet of Halnaby (c.1722-1798, descended from Edward IV) and Elizabeth Hedworth (1731-1767, descended from Edward IV), and had issue, one daughter.

Issue of Hon. Judith (Noel) and Sir Ralph Milbanke, 6th Baronet:

11th Baroness Wentworth
2A) ANNE ISABELLA MILBANKE [later, in 1822, NOEL], 11th Baroness Wentworth of Nettlestead, b. 17 May 1792 Elemore Hall, Pittington, co. Durham, bap. 10 Aug. 1792 St Mary Church, Seaham, co. Durham; d. 16 May 1860 Primrose Hill, London, bur. 21 May 1860 Kensal Green Cemetery, London; m. 2 Jan. 1815 Seaham Hall, co. Durham (separated 15 Apr. 1816), GEORGE GORDON BYRON, 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale, b. 22 Jan. 1788 Marylebone, London, bap. 1 Mar. 1788 St Marylebone Parish Church; d. 19 Apr. 1824 Missolonghi, Greece, bur. 16 July 1824 St Mary Magdalene Church, Hucknall Torkard, Nottinghamshire, only son of Capt. John Byron of Marylebone (1757-1791, descended from Edward III) and his 2nd wife Katharine Gordon (1764-1811, descended from James IV), and had issue, one daughter.

3) Hon. ELIZABETH NOEL, b. 10 July 1755 Kirkby Hall, bap. 12 July 1755 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d.s.p. 25 Jan. 1779, bur. 31 Jan. 1779 St Botolph Church, Bradenham, Buckinghamshire; m. 19 June 1777 St Marylebone, London, as his 1st wife, Sir JAMES BLAND BURGES [later LAMB], 1st Baronet of Burghfield, b. 8 June 1752 Gibraltar; d. 13 Oct. 1824, bur. 20 Oct. 1824 St George Hanover Square, London, only son of Capt. George Burges of Edinburgh (1725-1786) and Hon. Anne Whichnor Somerville (1725-1778, descended from James II of Scotland).
Hon. Sophia (née Noel) Curzon

4) Hon. SOPHIA SUSANNA NOEL, b. 24 Mar. 1758 Kirkby Hall, bap. 12 Apr. 1758 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 28 June 1782 Brompton, London, bur. 8 July 1782 All Saints Church, Kedleston, Derbyshire;  m. 11 Aug. 1777 St Marylebone, London, NATHANIEL CURZON, 2nd Baron Scarsdale, b. 16 Sept. 1751 Westminster, London, bap. 19 Sept. 1751 St George Hanover Square; d. 27 Jan. 1837 Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, bur. 4 Feb. 1837 All Saints Church, Kedleston, est son of Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Scarsdale (1726-1804, descended from Henry IV) and Lady Caroline Colyear (1733-1812, descended from James IV), and had issue, one son and one daughter.

Issue of Hon. Sophia (Noel) and  2nd Baron Scarsdale:

4A) Hon. SOPHIA CAROLINE CURZON, b. 13 Jan. 1779 Marylebone, London, bap. 11 Feb. 1779 St Marylebone; d.s.p. 3 Feb. 1849 Coton Hill, Staffordshire, bur. 13 Feb. 1849 St Mary & St Hartulph Church, Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire; m. 5 Sept. 1800 St George Hanover Square, ROBERT SEWALLIS SHIRLEY, Viscount Tamworth, b. 9 Nov. 1778 London, bap. 18 Nov. 1778 St Andrew Holborn; d.s.p. 6 June 1824, bur. 18 June 1824 St Mary & St Hartulph Church, Breedon-on-the-Hill, only son of Robert Shirley, 7th Earl Ferrers (1756-1827, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Elizabeth Prentise (d. 1799).

4B) NATHANIEL CURZON, 3rd Baron Scarsdale, b. 3 Jan. 1781 Marylebone, London, bap. 15 Jan. 1781 St Marylebone; d. unm. 12 Nov. 1856 Farnah Hall, Duffield, Derbyshire, bur. 19 Nov. 1856 All Saints Church, Kedleston.

Edward III had two sons A1 and D1 (see below):
John of Gaunt - see
Generation A1
A1) John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) m. 3) Katherine Roet (c.1350-1403), and had
A2) Lady Joan Beaufort (c.1377-1440) m. twice, and had a dau A3 and a son B3 (see below)
A3) Elizabeth Ferrers, by 1st husband (1393-1434) m. John, 4th Lord Greystoke (c.1390-1436), and had
A4) Joan Greystoke (c.1409-by 1487) m. 1) John Darcy of Temple Hurst (1404-1458, descended from Edward I), and had
A5) Joan Darcy (b. c.1430) m. John Beaumont of Coleorton Hall (1428-1461), and had
A6) George Beaumont of Overton Quartermarsh (c.1453-1530) m. Joan Pauncefoot, and had
A7) William Beaumont, Heir of Coleorton Hall (c.1475-1529) m. Mary Basset (d. 1539), and had
A8) Richard Beaumont of Coleorton Hall (c.1500-1537) m. Coletta Clerke, and had
A9) Nicholas Beaumont of Coleorton Hall (c.1525-1585) m. Anne Saunders (d. 1582), and had
A10) Sir Thomas Beaumont of Stoughton Grange (c.1555-1614) m. Katherine Farnham (d. 1621), and had
A11) Frances Beaumont (1580-1654) m. Sir Wolstan Dixie of Market Bosworth Hall (c.1576-1650), and had
Dixie of Market Bosworth
Coat of Arms
A12) ELIZABETH DIXIE, b. c.1601; d. bef.1670[*1]; m. 13 Apr. 1635 St Peter Church, Market Bosworth, Leicestershire, Sir VERNEY NOEL, 1st Baronet of Kirkby Mallory, b. Longdon Hall, Solihull, Warwickshire, bap. 23 Sept. 1604 St Alphege Church, Solihull; d. 1670 (will dat. 7 Apr. 1670, will pr. 4 Mar. 1671), bur. All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, 2nd son of William Noel of Kirkby Hall (d. 1642) and Frances Fulwood (1576-1632), and had
A13) Sir WILLIAM NOEL, 2nd Baronet of Kirkby Mallory, b. c.1640; d. 13 Apr. 1675, bur. all Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; m. 30 Oct. 1660 St Mary Church, Hurley, Berkshire, Hon. MARGARET LOVELACE, b. Ladye Place, Hurley, bap. 18 Oct. 1642 St Mary Church, Hurley; d. 14 Apr. 1671, bur. Westminster Abbey (see B12 below), and had
A14) Sir JOHN NOEL, 4th Baronet of Kirkby Mallory, bap. 14 Feb. 1667 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 1 July 1697 Hampstead, Middlesex, bur. 8 July 1697 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; m. 4 Aug. 1692 Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, MARY CLOBERY, b. c.1672; bur. 14 June 1751 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, dau. of Sir John Clobery of Winchester (c.1620-1688) and Anne Cranmer (1633-1707), and had
A15) Sir CLOBERY NOEL, 5th Baronet of Kirkby Mallory, b. 28 Apr. 1694 Kirkby Hall, bap. 16 May 1694 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; d. 30 July 1733, bur. 3 Aug. 1733 All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory; m. 24 Aug. 1714 St John College Chapel, Oxford, ELIZABETH ROWNEY, b. c.1695; d. 25 June 1743 Oxford, bur. All Saints Church, Kirkby Mallory, dau. of Thomas Rowney of Oxford (1667-1727) and Elizabeth Noel (d. 1730), and had
A16) Edward Noel, 1st Viscount Wentworth of Wellesborough (1715-1774 - see details above) m. Judith Lamb (1725-1761), and had
A17) Hon. Judith Noel, Lady Milbanke (1751-1822 - see details above), mother-in-law of Lord Byron

Kirkby Hall, Kirkby Mallory, Leicestershire

[*1] Elizabeth Dixie was the second child of parents who were married in 1598, and whose third child was born in 1602. Elizabeth was living in November 1663, when a party to the marriage settlement of her son, but seems to have died before April 1670, as there is no mention of her in her husband's will. Hopefully when the parish register of Kirkby Mallory is made available online, it will contain the burial entries for Elizabeth and for her husband Sir Verney Noel, 1st Baronet. She did not marry until her mid-30s, and her son William is her only recorded child.

B3) Richard Neville, 1st Earl of Salisbury, by 2nd husband (c.1398-1460) m. Lady Alice Montagu (1406-1462, descended from Edward I), and had
B4) John Neville, Marquess Montagu (c.1431-1471) m. Isabel Ingaldesthorpe (1441-1476, descended from Edward I), and had
B5) Lady Anne Neville (c.1460-1486) m. Sir William Stonor of Stonor Park (c.1449-1494, descended from Edward I), and had
B6) Anne Stonor (c.1484-1518) m. Sir Adrian Fortescue of Stonor Park (c.1481-1539), and had
B7) Margaret Fortescue (b. 1504) m. Thomas, 1st Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead (see D8 below), and had a son B8 and a dau C8 (see below)
2nd Baron Wentworth -
see Generation B8
B8) Thomas, 2nd Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead (1525-1584) m. 2) Anne Wentworth (d. 1571, descended from Edward I), and had
B9) Henry, 3rd Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead (1558-1593) m. Anne Hopton (d. 1625, descended from Edward I), and had
B10) Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland (1591-1667) m. 1) Anne Crofts (see C11 below), and had
B11) Anne, 7th Baroness Wentworth of Nettlestead (1623-1697) m. John, 2nd Baron Lovelace of Hurley (1634-1670), and had
B12) Hon. Margaret Lovelace (1642-1671) m. Sir William Noel, 2nd Baronet of Kirkby Mallory (see A13 above)

C8) Anne Wentworth (c.1523-1575) m. John Poley of Badley Hall (d. 1589), and had
C9) Susan Poley (c.1545-1604) m. Thomas Crofts of West Stow Hall (c.1540-1612, descended from Edward I), and had
C10) Sir John Crofts of Little Saxham Hall (c.1565-1628) m. Mary Shirley (d. 1649, descended from Edward I), and had
C11) Anne Crofts (c.1593-1638) m. Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Cleveland (see B10 above)

Philippa, Countess of March -
see Generation D2
D1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
D2) Lady Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355-1377) m. Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1352-1381), and had
D3) Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (1371-1417) m. 1) Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403), and had
D4) Lady Elizabeth Percy (c.1395-1437) m. 1) John, 7th Lord Clifford (1388-1422, descended from Edward I), and had
D5) Mary Clifford (c.1420-by1458) m. Sir Philip Wentworth of Nettlestead (1424-1464), and had
D6) Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead (1448-1499) m. 1) Anne Say (c.1448-aft.1489), and had
D7) Sir Richard Wentworth of Nettlestead (by 1480-1528) m. Anne Tyrell (descended from Edward I), and had
D8) Thomas, 1st Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead (1501-1551) m. Margaret Fortescue (see B7 above)

The next blogpost will look at the children of Rev. Thomas Noel, the illegitimate son of the 2nd Viscount Wentworth, as well as the Edward III descent for his first wife Catherine Smith.

Cheers,                                             -------Brad

Wednesday, May 11, 2016

RD600 Addition: Henry Thomas Weld of Mt Savage, Maryland (1816-1893)

Weld of Lulworth Coat of Arms
[Azure a fesse nebule, between
three crescents ermine
It seems there are very few descendants of King Charles II who have immigrated to the United States. Gary Boyd Roberts includes six in his 2004 edition of Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants (RD600). They are, in alphabetical order by surname:
1) Lady Caroline Blackwood (1931-1996)
2) Benedict Swingate Calvert (1732-1788)
3) Rupert Everett (b. 1959)
4) Charles Heneage (1841-1901)
5) Jessica Mitford (1917-1996)
6) Rachel Ward (b. 1957)

I find this a little misleading, as of those six, only three (Lady Caroline Blackwood, Benedict Swingate Calvert, and Jessica Mitford) made the U.S. their permanent home. The two actors may have spent some time in the States for their careers, but Rupert Everett makes his home in London and is definitely British, while Rachel Ward is considered one of Australia's leading actresses. Charles Heneage was in the British diplomatic service, and only spent about two years, 1862-1864, in Washington, DC, before his transfer to Europe, where he spent the remainder of his career. Though he did meet American-born Agnes Joy (later Princess of Salm-Salm), his future wife, while stationed in DC, and he certainly led an interesting life, Heneage can hardly be considered an American immigrant. He does however have a third cousin, through his Petre great-grandmother, who did immigrate permanently to the U.S., and left an impact on the history of the American railroad.
Mount Savage Iron Works
Henry Thomas Weld, born 1816 in London, was the eldest son of the seven children of a prominent Reform politician in Southampton, James Weld of Archers Lodge, who was from one of the leading Roman Catholic families in England. The Welds had estates in Oxfordshire, Hampshire, and Lancashire, in addition to the family's chief seat, Lulworth Castle in Dorset. Many members of the family chose to lead religious lives, and Henry's younger brother Francis Weld became a priest, while their sister Agnes became a Benedictine nun. Their grandfather Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle founded Stonyhurst College in 1794. Henry Weld took after his more worldly father, who was a keen yachtsman and active on the magisterial bench once Catholics were allowed to to hold office after the passing of the Catholic Emancipation Act in 1829. Henry Weld became a civil engineer, arriving in New York at the end of 1838 as managing agent and director of the Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company, recently established and largely capitalized by English shareholders. Weld oversaw the building of the Mount Savage Iron Works on land which the company owned at the base of Big Savage Mountain in the Allegheny Mountains, rich in iron ore. In the 1840s, Mount Savage became the largest iron works in the U.S., and the first in the nation to produce heavy rails for the construction of railroads. Production in 1845 was about 200 tons per week. In 1845 Weld purchased 12,000 acres of timber lands in Somerset County in the neighbouring state of Pennsylvania. He set up a saw mill in what was to become the settlement of Southampton Mills. He later became one of the largest coal-barge proprietors on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. By the 1860s he owned real estate valued at $10,000, personal estate valued at $8,000 and enjoyed an annual income estimated at $4,000 (My primary source for the life and achievements of Henry T. Weld, and for his father James Weld, is the excellent online article by historian Richard Preston, 'James Weld (1785-1855): a Brief Biography of a Southampton Yachtsman and Politician'). In 1862/3, Weld founded St Patrick's Roman Catholic Church in Mount Savage, the only Catholic church west of Cumberland (the seat of Allegany County), and many families from neighbouring towns travelled to Mount Savage for Mass.
Harriet (née Hoffman) Weld and her father Jeremiah Hoffman

In 1843 at age 27, Henry Weld married the 30-year-old Harriet Emily Hoffman, the only child of Baltimore merchant Jeremiah Hoffman (c.1780-1844). Like her husband, Harriet had been born in London. Jeremiah Hoffman was one of the eight sons and eleven children of German-born Peter Hoffman (1742-1809), who immigrated to the U.S. in the 1760s, and established a dry goods business in Baltimore which eventually became the hugely successful mercantile company Hoffman & Sons. Jeremiah and his brother William Hoffman represented the family's interests in England, with Jeremiah taking up residence in Russel Square, in the London neighbourhood of Bloomsbury. He met and married fellow Maryland native Emily Tilghman, who had lived in Portman Square since about age 9, when her widowed mother moved with her five young children from a plantation in Queen Anne's County, Maryland to her parents in London.  Harriet's mother died in childbirth when Harriet was only a toddler, and her father never re-married. Jeremiah Hoffman moved back to Baltimore in 1825 with his 13-year-old daughter, purchasing a fine brick home there which he called Chatsworth House. Just a year after his daughter Harriet married Henry Weld, Jeremiah was shot and killed in October 1844. Henry and Harriet Weld had no children of their own, making the community of Mount Savage their primary focus. They lived in a nice estate home there for nearly 50 years, with Harriet dying in 1892, and Henry Weld the following year. His obituary describes Henry as "The Pioneer Rail Manufacturer."

Through his mother Hon. Juliana (née Petre), Henry Weld is a 7th-generation descendant of Charles II, and his line of descent could be added in with that of Charles Heneage on p. 14 of RD600, since the two share the first three generations. The Weld of Lulworth article in BLG 18th Edn. Vol. 1 (1965), pp. 712-13, gives nothing on Henry Weld and his siblings beyond their names, so full genealogical details for Henry, his parents and siblings are below, followed by the seven-generation descent from Charles II in detail.
Archers Lodge, 1851 sketch by James Weld

JAMES WELD of Archers Lodge, Southampton, b. 30 Apr. 1785 Lulworth Castle, Dorset, bap. there same day; d. 24 Feb. 1855 Weymouth, Dorset, 7th son of Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle (1750-1810, descended from Edward III) and Mary Stanley-Massey (1752-1830, descended from Edward III); m. 5 July 1812 Portman Square, London, Hon. JULIANA ANN PETRE, b. 18 Sept. 1789 Grosvenor Square, London; d. 3 June 1862 Winchester, Hampshire, 2nd dau. of Robert Edward, 10th Baron Petre (1763-1809, descended from Charles II - see below) and Mary Bridget Howard (1767-1843, descended from James II of Scotland), and had issue, three sons and four daughters.

Issue of James and Hon. Juliana (Petre) Weld:

1) ANNA MARIA WELD, b. 1814 Portman Square, London; d. unm. 29 June 1851 Eaton Square, Belgravia, London.

2) HENRY THOMAS WELD of Mount Savage, Allegany County, Maryland, civil engineer, b. 31 Jan. 1816 Portman Square, London; d.s.p. 18 July 1893 Mount Savage; m. 30 May 1843 Baltimore County, Maryland, HARRIET EMILY HOFFMAN, b. 19 July 1812 Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, bap. 17 Feb. 1813 St George Bloomsbury; d.s.p. (will dated 5 Jan., proved 17 Oct.) 1892 Maryland, bur. Old St Pauls Cemetery, Baltimore, only dau. of Jeremiah Hoffman of Chatsworth House, Baltimore (c.1780-1844) and Eliza Emily Tilghman (1790-1813, descended from Edward IV).
Henry Weld Home in Mount Savage
3) KATHERINE MARY WELD, b. 25 Aug. 1817 Britwell House, Britwell Salome, Oxfordshire; d. unm. 20 Oct. 1885 Lymington, Hampshire.

4) Rt Rev Mgr. FRANCIS JOSEPH WELD, Rector of Shrewsbury Place, Isleworth 1854-98, b. 5 Sept. 1819 South Down Cottage, Weymouth; d. unm. 26 Sept. 1898 Château Dauphin, Pontgibaud, Puy-De-Dôme, Auvergne, France.

5) AGNES WELD, Benedictine nun 1841-83, b. 30 July 1821 South Down Cottage, Weymouth; d. unm. Feb. 1883 St Mary Abbey, East Bergholt, Suffolk.

6) PHILIP GEORGE WELD, b. 16 Aug. 1828 Archers Lodge, bap. St Joseph Roman Catholic Church, Southampton; d. (drowned) 16 Apr. 1845 St Edmund's College, Ware, Hertfordshire.

6) CHARLOTTE ADELAIDE WELD, b. 23 Aug. 1830 Archers Lodge, bap. St Joseph Roman Catholic Church, Southampton; d. unm. 20 Nov. 1862 Lulworth Castle.

CHARLES II = Mary Davies (c.1651-1708), and had a dau
3rd Earl of Derwentwater -
see Generation 2
1) Lady MARY TUDOR, illegit., b. 16 Oct. 1673; d. 5 Nov. 1726 Paris, France; m. 1st 18 Aug. 1687,  EDWARD RADCLIFFE, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 9 Dec. 1655; d. 29 Apr. 1705 London, est son of Francis Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Derwentwater (1625-1696, descended from Edward III) and Katherine Fenwick (descended from Edward III), and had
2) JAMES RADCLIFFE, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 26 June 1689 Piccadilly, London; d. (executed) 24 Feb. 1716 Tower Hill, London, bur. Dalston Chapel, Northumberland;  m. 10 July 1712, ANNA MARIA WEBB, b. 1693; d. 19 Aug. 1723 Brussels, Belgium, est dau. of Sir John Webb, 3rd Baronet of Odstock (c.1670-1745, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Hon. Barbara Bellasis (c.1673-1740, descended from Edward III), and had
3) Lady ANNA MARIA BARBARA RADCLIFFE, b. 1716; d. 31 Mar. 1760 Ingatestone Hall, Essex, bur. 4 Apr. 1760 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 2 May 1732 St Pauls Cathedral, London, ROBERT JAMES PETRE, 8th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. 3 June 1713; d. 2 July 1742, est son of Robert, 7th Baron Petre (1690-1713, descended from Edward III) and Catherine Walmesley (1698-1785, descended from Edward III), and had
4) ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, 9th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. Feb. 1742; d. 2 July 1801 Westminster, London, bur. St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 1st ANNE HOWARD, b. 29 Aug. 1742; d. 15 Jan. 1787 Thorndon Hall, West Thorndon, Essex, bur. 23 Jan. 1787 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, dau. of Philip Howard of Buckenham House (1689-1750, descended from James II of Scotland) and his 2nd wife Henrietta Blount (1708-1782, descended from Edward III), and had
10th Baron Petre -
see Generation 5
5) ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, 10th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. 2 Sept. 1763 Thorndon Hall, bap. there 3 Sept. 1763; d. 28 Mar. 1809, bur. 6 Apr. 1809 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m.  14 Feb. 1786, MARY BRIDGET HOWARD, b. 29 Sept. 1767 Worksop, Nottinghamshire; d. 30 May 1843, bur. 5 June 1843 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, dau. of Henry Howard of Glossop (1713-1787, descended from James II of Scotland) and Juliana Molyneux (c.1745-1808, descended from Edward III), and had
6) Hon. JULIANA ANN PETRE (1789-1862 - see details above) m. JAMES WELD of Archers Lodge (1785-1855), and had
7) HENRY THOMAS WELD of Mount Savage (1816-1893 - see details above)

The next blogpost will return to the ancestry of the 11th Baroness Wentworth, wife of Lord Byron, and look at some Edward III lines to her mother Hon. Judith Noel.

Cheers,                                     -----Brad

Monday, May 9, 2016

Edward III Descents for Lt. Philemon Tilghman (1760-1797)

Tilghman Coat of Arms
[Per fesse sable, and argent, a lion rampant-
reguardant double-queued, counterchanged,
crowned or]
Through her father Admiral Mark Milbanke, Harriet Tilghman has many lines of descent from Edward III, and a probable illegitimate one from Edward IV, not surprising at all for a lady of the late 18th-century British gentry. What is much more remarkable is that her American-born husband Lt. Philemon Tilghman, through his father James Tilghman of Philadelphia, has his own two lines of descent from Edward III. Maryland-based historian Jennifer A. Bryan gives an excellent summary of the background of the Tilghmans, one of the most prominent families on the state's Eastern Shore:

"The Tilghmans were descended from a minor gentry family who had lived in Kent in the southeast of England for more than 500 years. Their coat of arms dated to at least 1468, perhaps earlier. James's grandparents Richard and Mary Foxley Tilghman arrived in Maryland in 1662 with their two children and sixteen indentured servants during the boom period in the tobacco trade. Lord Baltimore had granted Richard a patent to a thousand-acre tract, Canterbury Manor, near present-day Easton, but he settled at 'Tilghman's Hermitage' on the Chester River. Governor Charles Calvert appointed him sheriff of Talbot County in 1669. By his death in 1676, Richard had accumulated 3,350 acres and an estate worth more than £800 sterling, placing him in the top rank of Chesapeake society. His son and namesake Richard married Anna Maria Lloyd in 1700, thus allying the Tilghmans to one of Maryland's wealthiest families. Richard held numerous offices, among them justice of the peace for Talbot and Queen Anne's counties, vestryman of St. Paul's parish, sheriff of Queen Anne's County, member of the Lower House of Assembly for Talbot County, member of the Upper House, Councillor, justice of the Provincial Court, and Chancellor of Maryland. He 'dyed in what we call in this Country good circumstances.' James Tilghman, born on December 6, 1716, was the eighth of Richard and Anna Maria's nine children. Twenty-two at the time of his father's death in 1739, he inherited about 2,500 acres. He studied law with Tench Francis and married Francis's daughter Anne on September 30, 1743. The couple resided at 'Fausley,' Francis's former plantation in Talbot County...He moved his family to Philadelphia in late 1762 or early 1763 because of Anne's poor health. By 1766, Thomas and Richard Penn, proprietors of Pennsylvania, had appointed him to the post of secretary of the land office" ["'The Horrors of Civil War': The Tilghman Family in the American Revolution," Maryland Historical Magazine, Volume, pp. 35-36].
The Hermitage, on the Chester River, Queen Anne's County, Maryland
The Tilghmans were indeed minor gentry, not once holding a county office, such as sheriff or justice of the peace, during the 16th century. When William Tilghman of Holloway Court, in the parish of Snodland, Kent, died in 1541 he was the foremost man of that parish, with a prominent brass memorial to him and his two wives in the parish church. He was succeeded at Holloway Court by his 23-year-old grandson William Tilghman the younger, who had married two years previous to Mary Bere, from a prosperous armigerous family in Rochester. In late 1572, William Tilghman buried his third wife, and within two years married a fourth one, Susan Whetenhall. It wasn't succession that drove William into a fourth marriage at the age of 57, for his son Edward Tilghman (1542-1611, from his first marriage to Mary Bere), was in his early 30s in 1574, standing firmly in line to inherit Holloway Court, and married for the past seven years, since 1567, to Margaret Brewer (d. 1613). Susan (née Whetenhall) Tilghman, the new lady of Holloway Court, was almost two generations younger than her husband William, since as the second daughter of parents married in 1547, she could not have been born much earlier than 1550. Edward Tilghman didn't look with fondness upon a stepmother who was ten years his junior, nor on the growing second family she was providing his father (six children were born in the first 12 years of the marriage, four of whom survived infancy), as provision for them would necessarily lessen his own inheritance. Indeed after William Tilghman's death in 1593, lawsuits between his widow Susan and his heir Edward dragged on for years.
All Saints Church, Snodland, Kent
The Whetenhalls, seated at Hextall Court, in the parish of East Peckham, Kent, just ten miles north of Holloway Court, were a more prominent family than the Tilghmans. Susan's father Thomas Whetenhall was a radical Puritan who, along with his father George Whetenhall, had fled to the continent during the reign of Queen Mary. Thomas kept his own tombstone in Hextall Court, and wished to be buried in it, as he believed church burials lauded men, not God. In 1606, the year before his death, his A Discourse of the Abuses Now in Question in the Churches of Christ, was published. Susan Tilghman shared the Puritan zeal of her father, as evidenced by her giving two of her sons the first name of 'Lambert', after Protestant martyr John Lambert (d. 1538). William Tilghman must have been an active Puritan himself, as his fourth marriage to his neighbour's much younger daughter makes no sense otherwise. The Whetenhalls could use some further research, so hopefully more detail on them will emerge in future posts. It is through the Whetenhalls that the Maryland Tilghmans derive their two lines of descent from Edward III, though its clear that it wasn't until the end of the 19th century when they first become aware that they had this royal descent.

James Tilghman (1716-1793)
The senior branch of the Tilghman family, descended from Edward Tilghman (1542-1611), sold Holloway Court in about 1615 (the manor house was pulled down in 1884 to make way for Holdborough Court). The male line of these senior Tilghmans is thought to have gone extinct by the mid-17th century. Of the three surviving sons of William Tilghman and his fourth wife Susan Whetenhall, their youngest son Charles Tilghman (1582-1608) died unmarried, and the male line of their eldest son Whetenhall Tilghman (1576-aft.1652) went extinct in 1779. Their second son Oswald Tilghman (1581-1629), a London grocer, left a sole surviving son, the colonial immigrant Dr Richard Tilghman (1627-1675), so the Maryland Tilghmans are the only male line of the family which survives today.

JAMES TILGHMAN, attorney, of Philadelphia, and of Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland, b. 6 Dec. 1716 The Hermitage, Queen Anne's County, Maryland; d. 24 Aug. 1793, bur. St Paul's Parish, Kent Episcopal Churchyard, Chestertown, 4th son of Col. Richard Tilghman of The Hermitage (1672-1738, descended from Edward III - see Line A below) and Anna Maria Lloyd (1676-1748, descended from Edward I); m. 30 Sept. 1743 Christ Church, Philadelphia, ANNE FRANCIS, b. 1 Oct. 1727 Fausley (plantation), Talbot County, Maryland; d. 18 Dec. 1771 Philadelphia, dau. of Tench Francis of Philadelphia (1701-1758) and Elizabeth Turbott (1708-1800), and had issue, six sons and four daughters.

Issue of James and Anne (Francis) Tilghman:
Col. Tench Tilghman

1) Col. TENCH TILGHMAN of Baltimore, merchant, aide-de-camp to Gen. George Washington 1776-1783, b. 25 Dec. 1744 Fausley, Talbot County; d. 18 Apr. 1786 Baltimore, bur. Old St Paul's Cemetery, Baltimore; m. 9 June 1783, his first cousin, ANNA MARIA TILGHMAN, b. 17 July 1755 Rich Neck Manor (plantation), Queen Anne's County; d. 13 Jan. 1843, bur. Oxford Cemetery, Talbot County, dau. of Matthew Tilghman of Rich Neck Manor (1718-1790, descended from Edward III) and Anna Lloyd (1724-1794, descended from Edward I), and had issue, two daughters.

2) RICHARD TILGHMAN, of the Honourable East India Company, b. 17 Dec. 1746 Fausley, Talbot County; d. unm. 21 Jan. 1786 at sea, and had issue, one illegitimate daughter.

3) JAMES TILGHMAN, Jr. of Easton, Talbot County, attorney, b. 2 Jan. 1748 Fausley, Talbot County; d. 24 Nov. 1796 Easton; m. by 1783, ELIZABETH BUELY, b. 1767; d. 9 Jan. 1846, bur. Spring Hill Cemetery, Easton, and had issue, one son and four daughters.

4) ANNA MARIA TILGHMAN, b. 19 Feb. 1750; d.s.p. 5 Jan. 1817 Philadelphia, bur. Clover Fields Farm Cemetery, Queen Anne's County; m. 26 Dec. 1797 Kent County, as his 3rd wife, her first cousin, WILLIAM HEMSLEY of Clover Fields Farm, Maryland State Senator 1779-81, 1786-89,  b. 23 Jan. 1737 Clover Fields Farm; d. there 5 June 1812, bur. Clover Fields Farm Cemetery, only son of William Hemsley of Clover Fields Farm (1703-1736) and Anna Maria Tilghman (1709-1763).

5) ELIZABETH TILGHMAN, b. 12 Dec. 1754; d. 29 Sept. 1799; m. 1780, Gen. JAMES LLOYD of Fairlee, Kent County, U.S. Senator from Maryland 1797-1800, b. 1745 Chestertown; d. 1820 Ratcliff Manor, Easton, Talbot County, bur. Clover Fields Farm Cemetery, son of Col. Richard Lloyd of Kent County (1717-1786) and first wife Anne Crouch, and had issue, one son and three daughters.
William Tilghman

6) WILLIAM TILGHMAN of Philadelphia, Chief Justice Supreme Court of Pennsylvania 1806-1827, b. 12 Aug. 1756 Fausley, Talbot County; d. 29 Apr. 1827 Philadelphia; m. 1 July 1794 Christ Church, Philadelphia, MARGARET ELIZABETH ALLEN, b. 21 Apr. 1772 Philadelphia; d. 9 Sept. 1798 Trout Hall, Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, dau. of James Allen of Trout Hall (1742-1778) and Elizabeth Lawrence (1751-1800), and had issue, one daughter.

7) MARY 'Molly' TILGHMAN, b. 24 Aug. 1758; d. unm. Nov. 1789 Chestertown.

8) Lt. PHILEMON TILGHMAN of Golden Square (plantation), Queen Anne's County, Royal Navy 1777-1785, b. 29 Nov. 1760 Philadelphia; d. 11 Jan. 1797 Golden Square; m. (eloped) 1785, HARRIET MILBANKE, b. Chester Deanery, Chester-le-Street, co. Durham, bap. 30 Sept. 1765 St Mary & St Cuthbert Church, Chester-le-Street; d. 4 Apr. 1835 Portman Square, London, bur. 11 Apr. 1835 St Etheldreda Church, Bishops Hatfield, Hertfordshire, er dau. of Adm. Mark Milbanke of Portman Square (1724-1805, descended from Edward IV) and Mary Webber (c.1742-1812), and had issue, one son and four daughters.

9) HENRIETTA MARIA TILGHMAN, b. 26 Feb. 1763; d. 2 Mar. 1796; m. 22 Jan. 1785, her first cousin, LLOYD TILGHMAN of Sherwood Manor (plantation), b. 27 July 1749; d. 1 Oct. 1811, yst son of Matthew Tilghman of Rich Neck Manor (1718-1790, descended from Edward III) and Anna Lloyd (1724-1794, descended from Edward I), and had issue, three sons and four daughters.

10) THOMAS RINGGOLD TILGHMAN of Philadelphia, merchant, b. 11 Aug. 1765 Philadelphia; d. unm. 29 Dec. 1789.

The two lines of descent from Edward III for James Tilghman and his son Lt. Philemon Tilghman are below. The first ten generations of Line A appear on p. 206 of Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants (2004). Given that there aren't many 17th-century immigrants to the American colonies who descend from Edward III, it's strange that Dr. Richard Tilghman doesn't appear at all in any of the editions of Plantagenet Ancestry, especially as he has many descendants living today.

Edward III had two sons A1 & B1 (see below)
A1) John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) m. 3) Katherine Roet (c.1350-1403), and had
3rd Lord Abergavenny -
see Generation A3
A2) Lady Joan Beaufort (c.1377-1440) m. 2) Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1364-1425), and had
A3) Edward Neville, 3rd Lord Abergavenny (c.1417-1476) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp (see B4 below), and had
A4) George Neville, 4th Lord Abergavenny (1440-1492) m. 1) Margaret Fenne (c.1444-1485), and had
A5) Elizabeth Neville (b. c.1471) m. Thomas Berkeley, Heir of Beverstone Castle (c.1470-1500), and had
A6) Alice Berkeley (b. c.1497) m. George Whetenhall of Hextall Court (d. 1573), and had
A7) THOMAS WHETENHALL of Hextall Court, East Peckham, Kent, b. c.1525; bur. 2 Apr. 1607 St Michael Church, East Peckham; m. 1st (lic. 27 Apr.) 1547, DOROTHY FANE, dau. of John Fane of Hadlow (d. 1542) and Isabel Haute, and had
A8) SUSAN WHETENHALL, b. c.1550; bur. 1617 St Michael Church, East Peckham; m. 1574, as his 4th wife, WILLIAM TILGHMAN of Holloway Court, Snodland, Kent, b. c.1518; bur. 24 Feb. 1593 All Saints Church, Snodland, son of Richard Tilghman, Heir of Holloway Court (d. 1518) and Juliana Pordage, and had
Whetenhall Coat of Arms
A9) OSWALD TILGHMAN of London, grocer, b. 4 Oct. 1581 Holloway Court, bap. 11 Oct. 1581 All Saints Church, Snodland; d. London, bur. 19 Jan. 1629 St Mary Abchurch, London; m. 2nd (lic. 15 Nov.) 1626, ELIZABETH PACKNAM, d. 1634 London, and had
A10) Dr. RICHARD TILGHMAN of The Hermitage, Queen Anne's County, Maryland, physician and planter, immigrated 1662, b. 3 Sept. 1627 London, bap. 3 Sept. 1627 St Mary Abchurch; d. 7 Jan. 1675 The Hermitage; m. 1649, MARY FOXLEY, d. c.1700, and had
A11) Col. RICHARD TILGHMAN of The Hermitage, b. 23 Feb. 1672 The Hermitage; d. there 23 Jan. 1738; m. 7 Jan. 1700 The Hermitage, ANNA MARIA LLOYD, b. 1676; d. 15 Dec. 1748, bur. The Hermitage, dau. of Philemon Lloyd of Wye House, Talbot County (1646-1685) and Henrietta Maria Neale (1647-1697, descended from Edward I), and had
A12) James Tilghman of Philadelphia and Chestertown (1716-1793 - see details above) m. Anne Francis, and had
A13) Lt. Philemon Tilghman of Golden Square (1760-1797 - see details above), husband of Harriet Milbanke
Isabel (née Despenser),
Countess of Warwick
see Generation B3

B1) Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341-1403) m. 1) Isabel of Castile (1355-1392), and had
B2) Lady Constance Plantagenet of York (c.1375-1416) m. Thomas Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1373-1400, descended from Edward I), and had
B3) Lady Isabel Despenser (1400-1439) m. 1) Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester (1397-1422, descended from Edward I), and had
B4) Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp (1415-1448) m. Edward Neville, 3rd Lord Abergavenny (see A3 above)

The next blogpost will profile Henry Thomas Weld (1816-1893) of Mount Savage, Maryland, husband of Harriet Emily Hoffman, granddaughter of Philemon and Harriet (Milbanke) Tilghman. Weld would make a great addition to RD600.

Cheers,                                           ------Brad

Saturday, May 7, 2016

Ruvigny Addition: Descendants of Harriet (née Milbanke) Tilghman (1765-1835)

Harriet (née Milbanke) Tilghman
In May of 1788, Abigail Smith wrote a letter to her mother Abigail Adams (the future First Lady of the United States) about her voyage home from England and two of her fellow passengers: “We were in all six cabin passengers. I wrote you from Falmouth of a Mr. and Mrs. T[ilghman]; he is a native of Maryland, sent early to England for his education; but it is not easy to discover that this was the motive of his visit, unless to be thoroughly knowing in the career of New-Market, Brooks, and every species of gambling, extravagance, and dissipation, was the education intended for him; he is a Lieutenant of the British Navy, was on board the Somerset, and a prisoner in Boston during the war. Three years since he ran off with, and married the daughter of the Admiral, a step which I believe every person but herself, thinks she has much cause to repent of. It is said he has run through his own fortune, and a fortune of five thousand pounds, which his brother, who died in the East Indies, left him; and is now much in advance. They are now upon a visit to his father, who is a man of property in Maryland; and strange as it may appear, although Mrs. T—— is of a most amiable disposition, pleasing in her person and manners, she appears greatly attached to him, and to be happy. I never saw two persons, who excited in my mind so much surprise.”

Meanwhile in Chestertown, Maryland, thirty-year-old Mary 'Molly' Tilghman, wrote a few weeks later, in July 1788, about her brother 'Phil', to their cousin Mary 'Polly' Pearce, "we heard of
Phil [Tilghman]'s arrival; since which time I have been in so anxious a state of suspense, and expectation that I have hardly even thought of writing to any body out of the family. Phil wou'd have been here a Month ago, but for the indisposition of little Harriet, who has never been able to travel till now. She caught a violent cold off the Banks of Newfoundland, and was very ill when they landed. I have had three letters from Mrs [Phil] Tilghman, who seems very impatient to get here. They got to Philad[elphi]a yesterday week, and meant to leave it last Thursday, which they did not, or they wou'd have been here before this. I have no words to express my astonishment when I first heard they were at New York. To you, my dear Polly I will own that my feelings were far from being joyful ones. I was indeed extremely shock'd. When Phil left America, it was with an idea of never seeing it again, which makes me fear that something disagreeable has happen'd. As yet we are all in the dark as he prudently defers all explanations till he can make them in person. Such has been our situation for the last Month and I need not add that it has been most harrassing. Every post we have expected to hear that we shou'd see him in a day or two and as often have we been disappointed. Since Saturday we have been in hourly expectation of them and of course constantly on the watch. Indeed I am almost exhausted. Every Carriage that I hear throws me into a tremor."
Map of the Chestertown area
[Image from Historical Society of Kent County]

The couple eliciting such excitement and judgment was Philemon Tilghman and his wife Harriet (née Milbanke), who were travelling from England with their infant daughter (also named Harriet), to the Tilghman family on Maryland's Eastern Shore, where Phil's father and siblings would meet his wife and daughter for the first time. Harriet was in the early months of pregnancy with their second child.

The fifth of the six sons of attorney James Tilghman of Chestertown, Maryland, and of Philadelphia, Philemon 'Phil' was undoubtedly the most impulsive of Tilghman's ten children[*1]. Aged eleven when his mother Anne, a sickly woman, died, Philemon (named for his notable great-grandfather Philemon Lloyd of Maryland) was living with his elder brothers James Jr. and William on their father's plantation in Queen Anne's County when the war for American Independence broke out in 1775. James Tilghman was an important and respected government official in Philadelphia, who was a political moderate with a dread of civil war. Zealous patriots viewed him suspiciously as a Loyalist, and he was one of about forty persons who was arrested by Pennsylvania's Supreme Executive Council in the summer of 1777. Philemon's sixty-year-old father was now a prisoner-of-war. Upon hearing the news of his father's arrest, sixteen-year-old Phil ran off to join the British. Admiral Lord Howe's fleet was sailing up the Chesapeake to deposit troops on the way to Philadelphia, when Phil Tilghman appeared asking for a commission in the British army or navy. Howe quickly made the lad a midshipman on the 64-gunner Somerset. James Tilghman was given parole and permission to visit his Maryland home, and on his return there learned of Phil's "rash and indiscreet" action. He tried to get his son out of the British navy for the next two years, to no avail. "I hope and believe you acted upon Principle," James wrote to Phil, "and therefore I cannot abandon you or withdraw my affection unless I should have the misfortune to hear that you have departed from the principles of virtue and honour." It wouldn't be until after the Revolutionary War when Phil abandoned those principles.
H.M.S. Somerset
The H.M.S. Somerset ran aground off of Provincetown in 1778, and Phil Tilghman was one of over 100 of its men who were taken prisoner and forced to walk over 125 miles to Boston. He later ended up on ships involved in the relief of Gibraltar. There, he was put under the command of Vice-Admiral Mark Milbanke, and young Tilghman eventually rose to the rank of Lieutenant. But his career in the British navy came to an abrupt halt when in 1785, 24-year-old Lt. Tilghman eloped with Admiral Milbanke's beautiful 20-year-old daughter Harriet. With no career, and an inclination towards gambling and partying rather than the pursuit of one, Phil apparently relied on financial assistance from Richard 'Dick' Tilghman, an older brother who, like Phil, was an Anglophile, and had left America for good in 1776 for a career with the East India Company. Tragically, Dick drowned at sea on a voyage back to England from India in January 1786. Phil and Harriet's first child arrived a year later. Unable to turn to Admiral Milbanke for assistance due to their elopement, the young couple were clearly in a bind in London, so Phil made a solo trip to his father in Maryland at the end of 1787, which apparently did not go so smoothly, since when he departed back to England in January 1788, his sister Molly Tilghman was left with the impression that she would never see him again. Thus her mixture of surprise and annoyance when she learned that summer that Phil was returning to them, this time with his wife and infant daughter.

The Plantation
[Image from Metropolitan Museum of Art]
By all accounts as amiable as she was beautiful, Harriet Tilghman seems to have won over her husband's family, especially Molly. Phil, on the other hand, seems to have remained as arrogant as he was unemployable. A few weeks after the birth of his second child, daughter Caroline, Molly Tilghman wrote to their cousin Polly Pearce, "Her name is a whim of her fathers, who is hardly yet reconcil'd to his second Daughter. He was in as terrible a friz on the occasion, as if a title and vast estate had depended on the birth of a son.” Phil seemed to completely lack the skills and talents of his brothers: the eldest, Tench Tilghman served as George Washington's most trusted aide-de-camp during the War, and afterwards returned to a prosperous career as a merchant, in which he was joined by youngest brother Thomas. James Jr. and William both took seats in the Maryland legislature, and William, an attorney like their father, went on to become Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Phil and his growing family lived with his father James in Chestertown, until the latter's death in 1793, after which he removed to one of the Tilghman plantations, Golden Square, where he himself died prematurely in 1797, at age 36, just 17 months after the birth of his eagerly anticipated son. Phil had outlived all but three of his siblings - his only surviving brother was William, the attorney in Philadelphia. Harriet Tilghman found herself widowed in her early 30s, with five young children aged 10 to 2, and the responsibility of a small plantation on Maryland's Eastern seaboard, staffed with slaves. Unable (Tilghman was in such massive debt at his early death that creditors were still trying to collect from his estate as late as 1810) or, hopefully, unwilling (Harriet's first cousin Sir Ralph, who had just succeeded as baronet and head of the Milbanke family back in England, was an active politician and anti-slavery crusader) to run the plantation on her own, Harriet returned to England with her children.

By this point her father Admiral Milbanke was in his late 70s and retired. He and his wife had a townhouse in the fashionable London neighbourhood of Portman Square, but they had no huge fortune or country seat. Harriet made her home in Portman Square, and the Admiral bequeathed her and her children what he could in his 1805 will, but it was Harriet's younger sister Eliza Emily and her husband, the talented Liberal politician William Huskisson, who became the patrons of Harriet's children. The Huskissons had no children of their own, and the Tilghman siblings benefitted tremendously from their influential uncle. Eldest sister Harriet Tilghman married Rev. Richard Cockburn, the curate of Eartham in Sussex, where William Huskisson's country seat was situated. Youngest sister Charlotte Tilghman married Molyneux Nepean, the son and heir of Sir Evan Nepean, one of Huskisson's closest friends and political allies in Parliament. And it was Huskisson who secured his nephew Richard Milbanke Tilghman a position in the Honourable East India Company. Middle sister Emily Tilghman's marriage to Jeremiah Hoffman, the London representative of a successful Baltimore mercantile family, seems to have been the only one made without the influence of the Huskissons.
College of the East India Company, Hertfordshire
History would repeat itself in 1834 when Harriet's only son Richard Tilghman died prematurely at age 38 in India, leaving five young children aged 12 to 3. Unlike Harriet's children however, these next generation Tilghmans were completely orphaned, their mother having died just a few months before their father. They were taken to England, and put in the care of their unmarried aunt Caroline Tilghman, and under the patronage of their widowed great aunt Eliza Emily Huskisson. She made the elder of her Tilghman great nephews, the one named for her late husband, her heir. On her death in 1856, William Huskisson Tilghman inherited Eartham Place and changed his surname to Huskisson. His own premature death in 1865 at age 37 brought an end to the male line of Philemon and Harriet Tilghman. None of his three surviving sisters married: one, Emily Eliza Tilghman, ended her days in a mental institution, and the other two as solitary spinsters on the English coast, distant echoes of the Tilghman-Milbanke elopement that had caused such a stir in the social circles of the newborn United States.

Details of why the Milbankes of Halnaby, Yorkshire are additions to Ruvigny's 1911 Mortimer Percy volume can be found in a previous post. Harriet Tilghman and her descendants below would be additions to that volume.
Nave of Winchester Cathedral

HARRIET MILBANKEb. Chester Deanery, co. Durham, bap. 30 Sept. 1765 St Mary & St Cuthbert Church, Chester-le-Street; d. 4 Apr. 1835 Portman Square, London, bur. 11 Apr. 1735 St Etheldreda Church, Bishops Hatfield, er dau. of Admiral Mark Milbanke of Portman Square (1724-1805, descended from Edward IV) and Mary Webber (c.1740-1812); m. (eloped) 1785, Lt. PHILEMON TILGHMAN of Golden Square Plantation, Queen Anne's County, Maryland, b. 29 Nov. 1760 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; d. 11 Jan. 1797 Golden Square Plantation, yr son of James Tilghman of Philadelphia (1716-1793, descended from Edward III) and Anne Francis (1726-1771), and had issue, one son and four daughters[*2].

Issue of Harriet (Milbanke) and Philemon Tilghman:

1) HARRIET TILGHMAN, b. 3 Jan. 1787 Westminster, bap. 16 Apr. 1787 St James Church, Westminster; d.s.p. 26 July 1863 Winchester, Hampshire; m. 12 Dec. 1808 St Margaret Church, Westminster, Rev. RICHARD COCKBURN, Prebend of Winchester Cathedral 1825-31, b. 1769 Yorkshire; d.s.p. 24 Nov. 1831 Winchester, bur. 30 Nov. 1831 Winchester Cathedral.

2) CAROLINE ELIZA TILGHMAN, b. Dec. 1788 Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland; d. unm. 6 Sept. 1867 Portman Square, London, bur. 13 Sept. 1867 St Margaret Church, Eartham, Sussex.

3) (ELIZA) EMILY TILGHMAN, b. 1790 Chestertown; d. 14 June 1813 Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, bur. 21 June 1813 St Etheldreda Church, Bishops Hatfield; m. 19 Oct. 1811 St Marylebone, London, JEREMIAH HOFFMAN of Chatsworth House, Baltimore, Maryland, b. c.1780 Maryland; d. Oct. 1844 Baltimore, yr son of Peter Hoffman of Baltimore, merchant (1742-1809) and Mary Dorothea Stirlin Lloyd (1745-1811), and had issue, one son and one daughter.

Harriet (née Hoffman) Weld
Issue of Eliza Emily (Tilghman) and Jeremiah Hoffman:

3A) HARRIET EMILY HOFFMAN, b. 19 July 1812 Russell Square, London, bap. 17 Feb. 1813 St George Bloomsbury; d.s.p. 1892 Maryland, bur. Old St Pauls Cemetery, Baltimore; m. 30 May 1843 Baltimore County, Maryland, HENRY THOMAS WELD of Mount Savage, Allegany County, Maryland, b. 31 Jan. 1816 London; d.s.p. 18 July 1893 Mount Savage, er son of James Weld of Archers Lodge, Hampshire (1785-1855, descended from Edward III) and Hon. Juliana Anne Petre (1789-1862, descended from Charles II).

3B) GEORGE WILLIAM HOFFMAN, b. June 1813 Russell Square; d. there 14 June 1813, bur. 21 June 1813 St Etheldreda Church, Bishops Hatfield.

4) CHARLOTTE TILGHMAN, b. c.1793 Chestertown; d. 26 June 1838 Portman Square, London, bur. 6 July 1838 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders, Dorset; m. 30 Aug. 1813 St Marylebone, as his 1st wife, Sir MOLYNEUX HYDE NEPEAN, 2nd Baronet of Bothenhampton, b. 28 Sept. 1783 Westminster, London, bap. 21 Oct. 1783 St Margaret Church, Westminster; d. 4 June 1856 Lee Hall, Hexham, Northumberland, est son of Sir Evan Nepean, 1st Baronet of Bothenhampton (1752-1822) and Margaret Skinner (1760-1833, descended from Edward I), and had issue, three sons and eight daughters.

Issue of Charlotte (Tilghman) and Sir Molyneux Nepean, 2nd Baronet:
Sir Molyneux Hyde Nepean, 3rd Baronet

4A) Sir MOLYNEUX HYDE NEPEAN, 3rd Baronet of Bothenhampton, b. 2 July 1814 Charmouth, Dorset, bap. 28 July 1814 St Matthew Church, Charmouth; d.s.p. 13 Mar. 1895 Loders Court, Dorset, bur. 16 Mar. 1895 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders; m. 27 Apr. 1841 Old Kilpatrick, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, ISABELLA GEILS, b. 1812 Cardross, Dunbartonshire; d.s.p. 17 Mar. 1895 Loders Court, bur. 22 Mar. 1895 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders, dau. of Col. Andrew Geils of Dumbruck House, Dunbartonshire (1773-1843) and Mary Noble (1783-1853).

4B) CHARLOTTE NEPEAN, b. 26 Oct. 1815 Loders Court, bap. 29 Oct. 1815 Holy Trinity Church, Bradpole, Dorset; d. unm. 16 July 1838 Eartham House, Sussex, bur. 26 July 1838 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders.

4C) THOMAS NEPEAN, b. 11 Dec. 1816 London, bap. 5 Feb. 1817 All Saints Church, Chelsea, London; d. unm. Oct. 1846 Jamaica.

4D) Capt. EVAN PHILIP TILGHMAN NEPEAN, b. 17 Feb. 1818 Camesworth House, Dorset; d. unm. 7 Mar. 1854 Dinapore, Bengal, India.

4E) ELIZA EMILY NEPEAN, b. 7 Feb. 1819; d. 21 Aug. 1827 Mapperton House, Dorset, bur. 29 Aug. 1827 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders.

4F) MARGARET HARRIET NEPEAN, b. 27 May 1821 Hinknowle, Netherbury, Dorset, bap. 23 June 1821 St Mary Church, Netherbury; d. 28 Feb. 1830 Mapperton House, bur. 8 Mar. 1830 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders.

4G) CAROLINE NEPEAN, b. 7 Dec. 1823 Hinknowle (twin with a stillborn sister), bap. same day; d. 12 Dec. 1823 Hinknowle, bur. 13 Dec. 1823 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders.
St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders, Dorset
4H) MARY NEPEAN, b. 10 Nov. 1824 Hinknowle, bap. 2 Aug. 1825 All Saints Church, Mapperton; d. 20 June 1826 Mapperton House, bur. 25 June 1826 St Mary Magdalene Church, Loders.

4I) ELEANOR ANNE NEPEAN, b. 16 Jan. 1828; d. 6 Aug. 1842 Marylebone, London, bur. 12 Aug. 1842 St George Hanover Square, London.

4J) JANE ISABELLA NEPEAN, b. 29 Jan. 1829 Mapperton House, bap. 1 Mar. 1829 All Saints Church, Mapperton; d. 13 Dec. 1833 Jamaica.

4K) FRANCES AUGUSTA NEPEAN, b. 1 Dec. 1834 Jamaica, bap. 20 Sept. 1838 St Mary Church, Netherbury, Dorset; d. 8 Dec. 1880 St Andrews House, Lyme Regis, Dorset, bur. 13 Dec. 1880 St Michael Church, Lyme Regis; m. 1st 28 Jan. 1857 St George Hanover Square, London, Commander JAMES BLAIR GROVE of Edinburgh, b. 15 Mar. 1832; d. 10 July 1865 Plymouth, Devon, bur. Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, son of Capt. Francis Grove of Edinburgh (1799-1864, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Emily Ure (d. 1838), and had issue, two daughters; m. 2nd 29 Aug. 1871 St Andrew Church, Charmouth, Dorset, as his 2nd wife, SAMUEL LOWNDES of Esher House, Surrey, b. 5 Nov. 1825 Bloomsbury, London, bap. 25 Apr. 1826 St George Bloomsbury; d. 16 Sept. 1903 Walton Lodge, Guildford, Surrey, son of William Loftus Lowndes of Lincolns Inn (1793-1865, descended from Edward III) and Eliza Cox (1793-1885), and had further issue, two stillborn children.

5) RICHARD MILBANKE TILGHMAN, officer Honourable East India Company, b. 30 July 1795 Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland; d. 1 June 1834 Hamirpur, Uttar Pradesh, India; m. 30 Oct. 1818 Bengal, India, CAROLINE FLEMING, b. 1799; d. 10 Feb. 1834 Hamirpur [*3], and had issue, five sons and three daughters.

Issue of Richard Milbanke and Caroline (Fleming) Tilghman:
Tilghman Coat of Arms
[Per fesse sable, and argent, a lion rampant-
reguardant double-queued, counterchanged,
crowned or]

5A) RICHARD MILBANKE TILGHMAN, b. 30 Oct. 1820 Calcutta, Bengal, India, bap. there 27 Jan. 1821; d. young.

5B) CAROLINE TILGHMAN, b. 19 May 1822 Patna, Bihar, India, bap. 15 Oct. 1822 Dinapore, Bengal, India; d. unm. 1911 Hampshire, England.

5C) EMILY ELIZA TILGHMAN, b. 14 Aug. 1824 Patna, bap. 15 Nov. 1824 Dinapore; d. unm. 9 Jan. 1878 Great House, Low Leyton, Essex.

5D) WILLIAM HUSKISSON TILGHMAN, b. 9 Aug. 1827 Allahabad, Bengal, India; d. there 18 Aug. 1827, bur. there same day.

5E) WILLIAM HUSKISSON TILGHMAN [later HUSKISSON] of Eartham House, Sussex, b. 17 May 1828 Allahabad; d.s.p. 5 Aug. 1865 Regents Park, London, bur. 12 Aug. 1865 St Margaret Church, Eartham; m. 21 Jan. 1858 All Souls Church, Langham Place, London, ELIZA MARY RIVETT CARNAC, b. 23 May 1835 Baker Street, London, bap. 9 July 1835 St Marylebone, London; d.s.p. 18 Mar. 1905 Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland, dau. of Admiral John Rivett Carnac of Portman Square (1796-1869) and Maria Jane Davis (c.1804-1882).

5F) HARRIET LOUISA TILGHMAN, b. 10 July 1829 Calcutta, bap. there 28 Oct. 1829; d. unm. 5 Mar. 1911 Westbourne, Bournemouth, Dorset.

5G) Capt. RICHARD MILBANKE TILGHMAN of Portland Place, b. 4 June 1831 Simla, Bengal, India, bap. there 10 Oct. 1831; d. unm. 23 Oct. 1861 Richmond Barracks, Dublin, Ireland, bur. 6 Nov. 1861 St Margaret Church, Eartham.

5H) CHARLES JAMES TILGHMAN, b. 17 Sept. 1833 Hamirpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, bap. there 10 Nov. 1833; d. young India.

[*1] For a comprehensive, well-researched account of James Tilghman and his family during the American Revolution, see Maryland historian Jennifer A. Bryan's article 'The Horrors of Civil War': The Tilghman Family in the American Revolution," Maryland Historical Magazine Vol. 103 (2008).
Sworn statement of Richard Milbanke Tilghman
regarding his birth from his 1810 application
to the College of the East India Company

[*2] When Richard Milbanke Tilghman applied to the College of the East India Company in 1810 he was required to produce proof of his age, and wrote on his application, "I have caused search to be made for a Parish Register whereby to ascertain my age, but am unable to produce the same, there being none to be found; and further I make Oath, and swear, that from the Information of my Parents (and other relations) which Information I verily believe to be true, that I was born in the Parish of Chester, in the County of Kent, in the State of Maryland, one of United States of N. America, on the thirtieth day of July 1795." Without a register for Chester Parish for this period, we can only estimate the birthdates of (Eliza) Emily and Charlotte Tilghman, but it is certain that Emily was older than Charlotte, and Charlotte in turn, older than their only brother Richard.

[*3] Various Tilghman family genealogies identify the wife of Richard Milbanke Tilghman as "Augusta, daughter of Lord Elphinstone," though no such lady existed. Tilghman's marriage notice in the East-India Register and Directory identifies her only as "Miss Caroline Fleming."

A noteworthy observation about this family group is that of the twenty-one grandchildren of Philemon and Harriet (née Milbanke) Tilghman, eleven lived to adulthood, but only one of those left issue of her own. Jean Elizabeth (née Hope) (b. 1937), wife of Sergio Pizzicaria, an Italian attorney, and any children and/or grandchildren they may have, are today the only living descendants of Admiral Mark Milbanke, his daughter Harriet, and her husband Philemon Tilghman of Maryland. Mrs. Pizzicaria is the great-granddaughter of Frances Augusta Nepean (see 4K above). I hope to detail her descent in a future post.

The next blogpost will examine the two lines of descent from Edward III for Lt. Philemon Tilghman.

Cheers,                                      ------Brad