Saturday, January 21, 2017

{101} Charles II Descent for Madeleine (née Petre) Clarke (1913-2005)

Madeleine (née Petre) and Lt-Col. Desmond Clarke
in 1944 on their wedding day
[Image courtesy of Desmond Clarke]
Desmond Clarke, guest blogger in the previous post, has an interesting ancestry through each of his parents. First up is his mother's descent from Charles II. Born the fifth child of an officer in the Royal Navy, Madeleine Marie Ethel Petre was a woman with strength of character, devotion to her faith, and a keen interest in genealogy and the role that her family played in British history. The strength of character was evidenced at an early age in February 1927, when Madeleine gave evidence at the Coroner's court in Marylebone on an inquest into the death from tetanus of a 10-year-old schoolboy in Addlestone, Surrey, who, while playing in a field, was allegedly bit by a dog owned by one Madame Julien. Questioned by counsel from both sides, Madeleine straightforwardly relayed what she had witnessed in the field, even though it challenged the previous testimony of her friend Madame Julien. The jury returned a verdict of accidental death, acquitted Madame Julien of criminal intent, but found that she did not exercise proper control over the dog ['Alsatian Dog Again in Court: Inquest on Boy', The Yorkshire Evening Post, Tuesday, February 15th, 1927]. The Coroner was impressed by Madeleine's testimony in this serious case, and it's even more impressive when one realizes that Madeleine was only age thirteen at the time!

Madeleine and her childhood friend Diana Preston became Volunteer Aid Department (VAD) nurses at the outbreak of World War II, stationed at the Brigade of Guards Depot at Caterham, Surrey, where they dealt with the hundreds of guardsmen returning from Dunkirk in 1940. In January 1944, Madeleine married Desmond Clarke, a lieutenant-colonel in the Royal Artillery, who had served on the Western Desert Campaign in Egypt, and the Burma campaign. The young couple had known each other in childhood -- the Clarkes, Petres, and Prestons were military Catholic families who socialized closely together in Weybridge and Addlestone -- but, apart from watching the Coronation of George VI in 1937 while Desmond was on leave in England from his service in India, had only briefly seen each other over the past ten years. Their first child, named Desmond after his father, was born in January 1945, but Lt-Col. Clarke's Division was a key part of the Normandy landings, and the War kept the couple separated for much of the remainder of its duration. Afterwards, Clarke continued a thriving career in the military, and the couple were able to set up house together, with four additional children following, the youngest one born in 1958, a few weeks before Madeleine's forty-fifth birthday.
Battle of Waterloo 150th Anniversary medallion
struck for the Guildhall Banquet in 1965

After her husband's retirement in 1966, Madeleine was able to focus her keen intellect on the history of the Petres, described in the Catholic Encyclopedia as "one of those staunch and constant families, which have always played a great part in the preservation of the Catholic faith in England." Madeleine's research culminated in her book, Sans Dieu Rien, the title taken from the family motto, which translates to 'Without God Nothing'. When Madeleine and her husband were dined by Field Marshal Sir Gerald Templer at the Tower of London the year of her husband's retirement, she was shown the cell in which her ancestor the 4th Baron Petre had been imprisoned. The previous year, at the 150th anniversary celebrations for the Battle of Waterloo, which her husband had organized, a senior officer inquired how Madeleine's eldest son Desmond, then a Sandhurst cadet, had managed to get an invitation. Madeleine responded it was due to his great-great-grandfather having captured Napoleon's charger after the battle, then enquired about the senior officer's connection. I'm very much looking forward to reading Madeleine's book on the Petres.

It is more than appropriate to give the final word on Madeleine to her eldest son:
"Madeleine was a wonderful mother and a loving and very supportive wife...I well remember her little habits such as insisting that we (and later her grandchildren) ate a plain piece of bread and butter before being allowed cake at tea and that she always changed for dinner every night after saying her prayers at her prie-dieu in the privacy of her room. In her widowhood, she would enter every year two of her paintings for the Caldbeck art exhibition and was thrilled when these quickly sold, not knowing that they had often been bought by my brother Dominic! When she died early in 2005 in her 92nd year, the Gunner magazine most unusually published a short obituary for a much admired and loved wife of a very senior Gunner officer. She would have been very pleased...She also loved doing the Daily Telegraph crossword and would sometimes ring my sister, Amicie (a Guardian reader!), if she was having difficulty with a clue. While in her late eighties, she once took the unfinished crossword with her on a visit to her doctor in Caldbeck and before leaving the surgery asked for his help in resolving a clue. As he held open the door for her she was overheard to say, 'I thought it might be syphilis'!" [Desmond Clarke, Footnotes: A personal history]

MADELEINE MARIE ETHEL PETRE, VAD Nurse WWII 1939-44, family history author, b. 16 June 1913 Portsmouth, Hampshire; d. 4 Jan. 2005 Chichester, Sussex, 2nd dau. of RAdm. Walter Reginald Glynn Petre of Pinecroft, Weybridge, Surrey (1873-1942, descended from Charles II - see Generation 8 below) and Agnes Marie Cadic (1880-1963); m. 19 Jan. 1944 Surrey, Maj-Gen. DESMOND ALEXANDER BRUCE CLARKE, C.B., C.B.E., of Caldbeck, Cumberland, b. 15 July 1912 Kasauil, the Punjab, India; d. 22 Nov. 1986 Cumberland, yr son of Robert Thomas Clarke of Weybridge (1871-1953) and (Margaret Mary) Gladys Whyte (1880-1966, descended from Edward III), and had issue, three sons and two daughters, with thirteen grandchildren and (to date) eleven great-grandchildren.
Charles II

Madeleine (née Petre) Clarke is a ninth-generation descendant of Charles II through his youngest illegitimate child.

CHARLES II = Mary Davies (c.1651-1708), and had a dau
1) Lady MARY TUDOR, illegit., b. 16 Oct. 1673; d. 5 Nov. 1726 Paris, France; m. 1st 18 Aug. 1687,  EDWARD RADCLIFFE, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 9 Dec. 1655; d. 29 Apr. 1705 London, est son of Francis Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Derwentwater (1625-1696, descended from Edward III) and Katherine Fenwick (descended from Edward III), and had
2) JAMES RADCLIFFE, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 26 June 1689 Piccadilly, London; d. (executed) 24 Feb. 1716 Tower Hill, London, bur. Dalston Chapel, Northumberland; m. 10 July 1712, ANNA MARIA WEBB, b. 1693; d. 19 Aug. 1723 Brussels, Belgium, est dau. of Sir John Webb, 3rd Baronet of Odstock (c.1670-1745, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Hon. Barbara Bellasis (c.1673-1740, descended from Edward III), and had
3) Lady ANNA MARIA BARBARA RADCLIFFE, b. 1716; d. 31 Mar. 1760 Ingatestone Hall, Essex, bur. 4 Apr. 1760 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 2 May 1732 St Pauls Cathedral, London, ROBERT JAMES PETRE, 8th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. 3 June 1713; d. 2 July 1742 London, bur. 8 July 1742 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, est son of Robert, 7th Baron Petre (1690-1713, descended from Edward III) and Catherine Walmesley (1698-1785, descended from Edward III), and had
9th Baron Petre - see Generation 4
4) ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, 9th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. Feb. 1742; d. 2 July 1801 Westminster, London, bur. 9 July 1801 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 1st 19 Apr. 1762 Golden Square, London, ANNE HOWARD, b. 29 Aug. 1742; d. 15 Jan. 1787 Thorndon Hall, West Thorndon, Essex, bur. 23 Jan. 1787 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, dau. of Philip Howard of Buckenham House (1689-1750, descended from James II of Scotland) and his 2nd wife Henrietta Blount (1708-1782, descended from Edward III), and had
5) Hon. GEORGE WILLIAM PETRE of Bellhouse, Stanford Rivers, Essex, b. 10 Jan. 1766 Mayfair, London; d. 22 Oct. 1797, bur. 28 Oct. 1797 St Margaret Church, Stanford Rivers; m. 16 Aug. 1785, as her 1st husband, MARIA HOWARD, b. 2 Jan. 1762 Bath, Somersetshire; d. 11 June 1837 Heatham Lodge, Twickenham, Middlesex, bur. same day St Mary Church, Twickenham, yr dau. of Philip Howard of Corby Castle, Cumberland (1730-1810, descended from Edward III) and Anne Witham (1734-1794, descended from Edward III), and had
6) Lt. HENRY WILLIAM PETRE of Dunkenhalgh Hall, Lancashire, 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, fought in Battle of Waterloo and took home Napoleon's charger 'Morengo', b. 23 Apr. 1791 Marylebone, London; d. 26 Nov. 1852 Portman Square, Westminster, bur. St Mary Catholic Chapel, Enfield, Clayton-le-Moors, Lancashire, son of Hon. George William Petre of Bellhouse (1766-1797, descended from Charles II) and Maria Howard (1762-1837, descended from Edward III);m. 1st 17 July 1818 St Meubred Church, Cardinham, Cornwall, ELIZABETH ANNE GLYNN, b. 2 Sept. 1791 Glynn House, Cardinham, bap. 13 July 1792 St Meubred Church, Cardinham; d. (as a result of childbirth) 13 Sept. 1828 Dunkenhalgh Hall, dau. of Edmund John Glynn of Glynn House (1764-1840, descended from Edward III) and Elizabeth Anne Worsley (1771-1797, descended from Edward III), and had
Sir George Glynn Petre -
see Generation 7
7) Sir GEORGE GLYNN PETRE of Dunkenhalgh Hall, K.C.M.G., C.B., b. 4 Sept. 1822 Twickenham, bap. 30 Sept. 1822 St Mary Church, Twickenham; d. 17 May 1905 Hove, Sussex, bur. All Saints Churchyard, Odiham, Hampshire; m. 10 Apr. 1858 British Embassy, Paris, France, EMMA KATHARINE JULIA SNEYD, b. Dec. 1830 Mattingley Lodge, Heckfield, Hampshire, bap. 6 Mar. 1831 St Michael Church, Heckfield; d. 27 Dec. 1916 Hotel Rubens, London, 5th dau. of Maj. Ralph Henry Sneyd of Mattingley Lodge (1784-1840, descended from Edward I) and Jane Robina Dunbar (1791-1878, descended from James V), and had
8) RAdm. WALTER REGINALD GLYNN PETRE of Pinecroft, Weybridge, Surrey, D.S.O., b. 14 Dec. 1873 Westminster, London, bap. Church of Our Lady of the Assumption and St Gregory, Warwick Street, Soho, London; d. 26 Dec. 1942 Weybridge, bur. 29 Dec. 1942 Weybridge Cemetery; m. 22 Jan. 1906 St Peter Catholic Church, Cardiff, Glamorganshire, Wales, AGNES MARIE CADIC, b. 1880; d. 21 Sept. 1963 Chichester, Sussex, bur. Weybridge Cemetery, dau. of Capt. Eugene A. Cadic of Rennes (1838-1908) and Marie Amélie Garnier-Duplessix (c.1840-1905), and had
9) MADELEINE MARIE ETHEL PETRE (1913-2005-see details above)

The next blogpost will elaborate on and continue Ruvigny's account of Madeleine's father, Rear-Admiral Walter Petre, in the 1905 Clarence volume.

Cheers,                            -----Brad

Thursday, January 19, 2017

{100} Lt. Henry William Petre (1791-1852) and Napoleon's Charger Marengo

Lt. Henry William Petre (1791-1852), wearing his Waterloo medal
[Image courtesy of Kit Constable-Maxwell]
I'm excited to have reached my one hundredth post! I love researching these families, and especially enjoy how following each link leads to fascinating individuals. Entering the Howard family of Corby Castle into my database, led me to Lt. Henry William Petre of Dunkenhalgh Hall (1791-1852), and in 2015 I wrote a blogpost on his father's ancestry 'Some Edward III Descents for Hon. George William Petre (1766-1797)' which led me to make the acquaintance of Desmond Clarke, a former officer in the Royal Artillery, director at publishers Faber & Faber and International Thomson Publishing, and a direct descendant of Lt. Petre. Just this past New Year, Desmond was awarded the MBE for services to the British Public Library Service and Literature. He shared with me the story behind his ancestor: Lt. Petre was a British officer during the Napoleonic Wars, who was in the Charge of the Union Brigade and fought in the battle of Waterloo. In the battle's aftermath he took possession of one of Napoleon's chargers - 'Marengo' - and sent the horse back to England, where it was stabled for a period at Corby Castle, Cumberland, the home of his uncle (and future father-in-law) Henry Howard. I'm honoured to have Desmond as a guest author on my first milestone blog.

Desmond Clarke, MBE

Opinion has long been divided about who captured, at Waterloo, Napoleon's Barb charger known as Marengo whose skeleton is displayed in the National Army Museum.

The Royal United Services Institute Museum, now closed, gave credit to William, 11th Baron Petre, but he was not at Waterloo. It seems more likely that Marengo was captured by my great, great grandfather, Henry William Petre, a lieutenant in the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. He was allowed to keep Marengo and had the horse shipped back to England where, it seems, it was stabled on the estates of his mother's family, the Howards of Corby Castle, and that of his cousin, Lord Petre. The misunderstanding would have gained currency because it was Henry's cousin, Lord Petre, who eventually sold the horse to Lieutenant Colonel J. J. W. Angerstein [Marengo The Myth of Napoleon’s Horse, Jill Hamilton, p. 4] and it was Angerstein who had one of Marengo's hooves, post mortem, turned into the snuff box which is traditionally placed every day before the Captain of the Guard at lunch in the Officers Mess at St James's Palace.
Marengo, painted by James Ward (1769-1859)
When Marengo was drawn some ten years later by James Ward [Ibid., p. 3], the horse was recorded as being in the possession of Captain Howard (of Corby Castle) who was Henry’s uncle and a future father-in-law to both Henry and his cousin, William, the 11th Baron Petre.  Both the Petre and Howard families were recusant Catholics who had played a large part in the preservation of the Catholic faith in England and were closely related through marriage.

Jill, Duchess of Hamilton in her book, Marengo, The Myth of Napoleon's Horse, sorts out the confusion, writing that it was Lieutenant Henry Petre of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, who is said to have recognised Marengo and saved him "from the looters, tended to his wound and led him to the village of Waterloo" [Ibid., p. 191]. She also points out the close connections between the Petre and Howard families and how a horse could pass from one to another before being eventually sold. Henry Petre had, earlier in the battle, taken part in the famous charge of the Union Brigade which with the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons comprised the 1st Dragoons (the Royals) and the 2nd Royal North British Dragoons (the Scots Greys). Lady Elizabeth Butler immortalised the charge of the Scots Greys in her famous oil painting ’Scotland Forever!’ A less well-known painting by Lady Butler is titled ‘Charge of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons’ and another artist, Brian Palmer, also painted the Inniskillings charging.
Charge of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons at the Battle of Waterloo
[Image from Warfare Magazine]
Henry Petre served in Captain Brown’s Troop and would have charged beside Brown who was wounded during the Battle. Captain Brown’s jacket, torn down the sleeve by the surgeon when he tended the wound, is today on display at the York Military Museum together with other items from the Royal Dragoon Guards, the successor Regiment.

I am sure that Henry Petre was just pleased, in the aftermath of the Battle, to have taken possession of one of Napoleon's chargers and that he would have had no concept of the considerable public interest that Marengo was to attract several years later. Having been allowed to keep the horse, he probably decided to ship it back to his family in England possibly with the intention of putting it to stud. He himself continued to serve with his Regiment until 1819 when he was placed on half pay.

Henry Petre, ten years later, inherited the Dunkenhalgh estate in Lancashire from his brother. He died in 1852. His portrait in the uniform of an Inniskilling Dragoon and wearing the Waterloo medal was inherited by his third son, Edward, and is today in possession of Edward’s descendants, the Constable Maxwells at Bosworth Hall. It is of interest to note that one of Henry’s great-grandsons, Captain Bobby Petre of the Scots Guards who was also to inherit Dunkenhalgh, won the 100th Grand National, riding Lucky Cottage in 1946.
Dunkenhalgh Hall, Lancashire
I should add that doubts have been raised whether the wounded charger, with the Imperial cypher branded on his hindquarters and captured at Waterloo, was actually called ‘Marengo’ as no record exists of a horse of that name in the Imperial stable book [The Sunday Times, Nicholas Hellen, 19 April 2015]. However, it may be the adoptive name given to a favoured horse by Napoleon himself or adopted much later after the horse’s capture. What matters is that Napoleon’s Barb charger whose skeleton is now displayed in the National Army Museum has been known as Marengo for 200 years.

I was privileged as a Sandhurst cadet to witness, in 1965 on Horse Guards, the parade before The Queen of the Colours, Standards and Guidons of the Regiments that fought at Waterloo. I also inherited from my father, Major-General DAB Clarke CB, CBE, who organised the 150th Anniversary celebrations on behalf of the Army Board [*1], a medal struck by the City of London in 1965 "in honour of the Regiments that fought at the Battle of Waterloo". Fifty years later, I attended the Service of Commemoration on the 200th Anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo at St Paul’s Cathedral on 18th June 2015.
Marengo's skeleton, displayed in the National Army Museum
However, it was as a Sandhurst cadet that I was closest to Marengo for he was displayed for a time, before the opening of the National Army Museum, in the basement of Old College, RMA Sandhurst, close to Blenheim Company lines. We Blenheim Company cadets became rather fond of our neighbour.

[*1] The French Ambassador was invited to the Waterloo Dinner but sent his apologies saying that he was busy preparing for the 900th Anniversary of the Battle of Hastings. DC’s letter to the Times published 4 July 2013.

Snuffbox made from Marengo's hoof

Marengo (or at least his hoof) continues to make the news, and Desmond pointed me to an article 'Snorting major was only taking snuff, ex-officers claim' [The Times, September 13th, 2016], in which snuff, taken from the snuffbox made from the horse's hoof kept at St James's Palace and ceremonially displayed everyday at lunch in the Officer's Mess, was most likely the substance that Maj. James Coleby and another officer were filmed snorting off a sword in the Mess.

Following are the genealogical details for Lt. Henry William Petre, his wives, and his children.

Lt. HENRY WILLIAM PETRE of Dunkenhalgh Hall, Lancashire, 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, fought in Battle of Waterloo and took home Napoleon's charger 'Morengo', b. 23 Apr. 1791 Marylebone, London; d. 26 Nov. 1852 Portman Square, Westminster, bur. St Mary Catholic Chapel,
Adela Maria (née Howard) Petre
Enfield, Clayton-le-Moors, Lancashire, son of Hon. George William Petre of Bellhouse (1766-1797, descended from Charles II) and Maria Howard (1762-1837, descended from Edward III);m. 1st 17 July 1818 St Meubred Church, Cardinham, Cornwall, ELIZABETH ANNE GLYNN, b. 2 Sept. 1791 Glynn House, Cardinham, bap. 13 July 1792 St Meubred Church, Cardinham; d. (as a result of childbirth) 13 Sept. 1828 Dunkenhalgh Hall, dau. of Edmund John Glynn of Glynn House (1764-1840, descended from Edward III) and Elizabeth Anne Worsley (1771-1797, descended from Edward III), and had issue, three sons and three daughters; m. 2nd 20 Apr. 1830, his first cousin, ADELA MARIA HOWARD, b. Corby Castle, Wetheral, Cumberland, bap. 31 Mar. 1805 Holy Trinity Church, Wetheral; d. (as a result of childbirth) 9 Sept. 1833 Grosvenor Square, London, bur. St Mary Catholic Chapel, Enfield, yst. dau. of Henry Howard of Corby Castle (1757-1842, descended from Edward III) & his 2nd wife Catherine Mary Neave (1770-1849), and had further issue, three sons; m. 3rd 5 Nov. 1834 St James Church, Altham, Lancashire, as her 1st husband, his children's governess, MARTHA AGATHA HOFNELL, b. 11 Feb. 1811 Richmond, Surrey; d.s.p. 8 Mar. 1895 Portman Square, London, bur. 13 Mar. 1895 St Mary Catholic Chapel, Enfield, dau. of John Hofnell of Richmond.

Issue of Henry William and Elizabeth Anne (Glynn) Petre:

1) stillborn son, 6 June 1820 Bath, Somersetshire.

Henry & Sophie (née Young) Petre headstone in
Kensal Green Cemetery
2) HENRY PETRE of Dunkenhalgh Hall, b. 17 Aug. 1821 Bath, bap. 3 Sept. 1821 St Mary Church, Bathwick, Somersetshire; d. 25 Apr. 1900 Mayfair, London, bur. Kensal Green Cemetery, London; m. 1st 13 Aug. 1846 St Mary Chapel, Cadogan Terrace, London, MARY ANASTASIA POWER, b. c.1822 Ireland; d.s.p. 1 Jan. 1880 Mayfair, London, bur. St Mary Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, er dau. of Edmond Power of Gurteen House, co. Waterford, de jure 16th Baron Le Power & Coroghmore (1775-1830, descended from Edward I) and Anastasia Phelan Lalor (d. 1852); m. 2nd 22 July 1884 St Pancras Registry Office, London, SOPHIE YOUNG, actress on London stage[*1], b. 1844 Chelsea, London; d. 13 Feb. 1908 Tudor Lodge, St Johns Wood, Middlesex, bur. Kensal Green Cemetery, London, yst dau. of Thomas Young of Chelsea, jeweller and Hannah Jones, and had issue, one son.

Issue of Henry and Sophie (Young) Petre:

2A) REGINALD BERNARD HENRY PETRE of Edwardes Square, Kensington, chartered accountant, b. (before his parents' marriage) 4 Mar. 1874 Pimlico, London; d. 12 Feb. 1951 Edwardes Square; m. ELLIE AGNES PHELAN, b. 1878 Ireland; d. 15 Mar. 1950 Edwardes Square, and had issue, one son.

Issue of Reginald Bernard and Ellie Agnes (Phelan) Petre:

2A1) BERNARD PETRE of Kensington, company sales director, b. 1918 Kent; d. 8 Mar. 1996 Isle of Jersey(?)[*2]; m. 1939 Kensington, JEAN V. MENZIES, b. 1918 Surrey; d.(?), dau. of Sir Frederick Norton Kay Menzies of Kensington, medical officer (1875-1949) and Harriet May Lloyd (1890-1974), and had issue, one son and two daughters.

Sir George Glynn Petre
3) Sir GEORGE GLYNN PETRE, K.C.M.G., C.B., of Dunkenhalgh Hall, Minister Plenipotentiary Argentina 1881, Paraguay 1882, Portugal 1884-93, b. 4 Sept. 1822 Twickenham, Middlesex, bap. 30 Sept. 1822 St Mary Church, Twickenham; d. 17 May 1905 Hove, Brighton, Sussex, bur. All Saints Churchyard, Odiham, Hampshire; m. 10 Apr. 1858 British Embassy, Paris, France, EMMA KATHARINE JULIA SNEYD, b. Dec. 1830 Mattingley Lodge, Heckfield, Hampshire, bap. 6 Mar. 1831 St Michael Church, Heckfield; d. 27 Dec. 1916 Hotel Rubens, London, 5th dau. of Maj. Ralph Henry Sneyd of Mattingley Lodge (1784-1840, descended from Edward I) and Jane Robina Dunbar (1791-1878, descended from James V), and had issue, seven sons and one daughter.

4) stillborn daughter, 23 Apr. 1825 Twickenham.

5) [daughter] PETRE, b/d. (lived only for a few hours) 27 Aug. 1826 Dunkenhalgh Hall.

6) stillborn daughter, 9 Sept. 1828 Dunkenhalgh Hall.

Issue of Henry William and Adela Maria (Howard) Petre:

7) EDWARD HENRY PETRE, of Whitley Abbey, Coventry, Warwickshire, b. 21 Feb. 1831 Hanover Square, London; d. 21 Nov. 1902 Chelsea, London, bur. London Road Cemetery, Coventry, Warwickshire; m. 29 Oct. 1857 St Marie's Catholic Church, Rugby, Warwickshire, Lady GWENDOLINE ELIZABETH TALBOT, b. 7 Jan. 1836 Leamington, Warwickshire; d. 3 Sept. 1910 Whitley Abbey, bur. 6 Sept. 1910 London Road Cemetery, yr. dau. of Lt-Col. Charles Thomas Talbot (1782-1838, descended from Edward III) and Julia Mary Magdalene Tichborne (1810-1892, descended from Edward IV), and had issue, two sons and two daughters.
Whitley Abbey, Coventry, Warwickshire
8) Lt. OSWALD PETRE, 6th Dragoon Guards, b. 15 Aug. 1832 London; d. (of illness contracted while serving in the Crimea) unm. 25 Nov. 1855 Dunkenhalgh Hall, bur. St Mary Catholic Chapel, Enfield.

9) HUBERT REGINALD PETRE, b. 3 Sept. 1833 Grosvenor Square; d. there nineteen days later 22 Sept. 1833, bur. St Mary Catholic Chapel, Enfield.
Jean (née Menzies) Petre (b. 1918)

[*1] The second marriage of Henry Petre to London actress Sophie Young, as well as the son they had ten years prior to it, is (not surprisingly) overlooked by Ruvigny, Burke's Peerage, etc. Though twenty years his senior, Henry was thought to be of the circle of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), which puts into context his long-running affair with the London actress. That he went on to marry Sophie after the death of his first wife speaks to the love he felt for her. Dunkenhalgh Hall was entailed, so after Henry's death it passed to his brother Sir George Petre, but the rest of Henry's personal, non-entailed assets went to his widow Sophie, and eventually to their son. These were not insignificant, for when Sophie Petre died in 1908, eight years after Henry, her personal assets were said to be over £65,000, quite a significant amount for the time.

[*2] Per the online Wood Family Tree, Bernard Petre died 8 Mar. 1996 on Jersey in the Channel Islands. Dame Harriet Menzies, the mother of Bernard's wife Jean, died there in 1974, so it's quite plausible, but as the Channel Islands aren't covered by the England & Wales Civil Registration Death Index 1916-2007, I cannot verify that the March 1996 date is correct. The Wood Family Tree incorrectly has Bernard's birthdate as 31 Oct. 1918, confusing him with another Bernard Petre, of Burnley, Lancashire, who served with the East Lancashire Regiment in World War II and died in 1984.

The next post will focus on Desmond Clarke's line of descent, through Lt. Henry William Petre, from Charles II.

Cheers,                                               -------Brad

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

{99} Edward III Descent for Danny Dyer (b. 1977) on WDYTYA

Danny Dyer at Otely Hall, Suffolk
The first episode of the thirteenth season of the genealogy TV series Who Do You Think You Are aired this past November in the UK, and focused on actor Danny Dyer, who is best known for his current role as the landlord of the Old Vic pub on the long-running series EastEnders, which I've never seen. I know of Danny from one of his earliest roles, in the 2002 indie film Borstal Boy, an adaptation of the 1958 autobiographical novel by Irish writer/poet Brendan Behan. Danny is the teenaged sailor/best mate to the Behan character while they both are serving time in a reformatory institution during World War II. It's an obscure film, but well worth seeking out.

The episode is (as are all the WDYTYA episodes) very engaging and well-produced. Danny was born and raised in London's East End, and the twist is his discovery that he is descended from Thomas, Lord Cromwell, Henry VIII's notorious right-hand-man, and also from Edward III of England. In blue jeans and leather jacket, a Cockney version of historian Dan Jones, Dyer travels to the oldest pub in Oxford, to the grand Suffolk manor house of Otley Hall (“I think it’s the most beautiful house I’ve ever seen”), to the even grander manor house of Helmingham Hall, family seat of the current Baron Tollemache, who makes an appearance ("This geezer's got a drawbridge"), to Hampton Court Palace, where he meets with delightful Cromwell historian Tracy Borman (“You could have a right rave in ’ere couldn’t you babe, eh?”), to, finally, Westminster Abbey, where Peter O'Donoghue, York Herald from the College of Arms, shows him the tomb of Edward III (“My blood is his blood, I can’t compute it in my brain”). It's a hit on social media, where many are saying it's the best-ever WDYTYA episode.

Edward III (1312-1377)
Since the previous royal descent-themed WDYTYA episode which I had watched, the Frank Gardner one, had contained an error in the presented line of descent, I took careful notes during this episode, and I'm pleased to say that Danny Dyer's line from Edward III holds up well under the microscope. Only one of the twenty-three generations which lie between king and Cockney lacks primary evidence to link father to son, but there's enough circumstantial evidence that I'm willing to take a leap of faith. Danny actually has three separate lines from Edward III, but I'm only focusing on the line which the show presented.

Edward III had a 2nd surv son,
1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
2) Lady Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355-1377) m. Edmund Mortmer, 3rd Earl of March (1352-1381), and had
Elizabeth (née Seymour), Lady
- see Generation 8
3) Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (1371-1417) m. 1) Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403), and had
4) Lady Elizabeth Percy (c.1395-1437) m. 1) John, 7th Lord Clifford (1388-1422, descended from Edward I), and had
5) Mary Clifford (c.1420-by1458) m. Sir Philip Wentworth of Nettlestead (1424-1464), and had
6) Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead (1448-1499) m. 1) Anne Say (c.1448-aft.1489), and had
7) Margery Wentworth (c.1478-1550) m. Sir John Seymour of Wolf Hall (c.1474-1536), and had
8) Elizabeth Seymour (c.1514-by 1563) m. 2) Gregory, 1st Baron Cromwell (c.1514-1551, son of Thomas, Lord Cromwell), and had
9) Henry, 2nd Baron Cromwell (1538-1592) m. Lady Mary Paulet (c.1540-1592, descended from Edward III), and had
Lady Katherine (née Cromwell)
- see Generation 10
10) KATHERINE CROMWELL, b. c.1565; d. 24 Mar. 1620 Ipswich, Suffolk, bur. St Mary Church, Helmingham, Suffolk; m. 10 Feb. 1581 St Mary Church, North Elmham, Norfolk, Sir LIONEL TOLLEMACHE, 1st Baronet of Helmingham, bap. 14 Dec. 1562 St Mary Church, Helmingham; d. 6 Sept. 1612, bur. there, son of Lionel Tollemache of Helmingham Hall (1536-1575, descended from Edward III) and Susan Jermyn (d. 1597), and had
[Notes: These first ten generations are well-covered in the peerage works. Sir Lionel Tollemache and Katherine Cromwell were third cousins, both descended from Sir Henry Wentworth - Generation 6 above.]
11) ANNE TOLLEMACHE, bap. 9 Nov. 1589 St Mary Church, Helmingham; d. unknown; m. 1st 20 Feb. 1609 St Mary Church, Helmingham, ROBERT GOSNOLD of Otley Hall, b. c.1587; d. by 1635, son of Robert Gosnold, Heir of Otley Hall (d. 1596, descended from Edward I) and Amy Forth (1568-aft.1631, descended from Edward I), and had
[Notes: Anne was the youngest of five daughters, and basically married the boy next door: Otley Hall is only two miles from Helmingham Hall. After his death, she m. 2nd 20 Aug. 1635 St Peter & St Paul Church, Pettistree, Suffolk, Samuel Blennerhassett of Loudham Hall, Pettistree (1602-1640, descended from Edward I). She was mentioned as living in the codicil (dated 18 Nov. 1656) to the will of her eldest son Robert Gosnold. I haven't located a burial entry, or a will, for her. With Robert Gosnold she apparently had five sons and two daughters: Robert, Gregory, Lionel, Sackford, Henry, Anne (wife of Thomas Hovell) and Susan (wife of Wheeler).]
Gosnold of Otley coat of arms
[Per pale crenelle or and azure]
12) Col. ROBERT GOSNOLD of Otley Hall, Royalist in English Civil War, b. Helmingham Hall, bap. 2 May 1611 St Mary Church, Helmingham; d. by 25 May 1658 (when his will was proved); m. 12 Feb. 1633 St Martin in the Fields, London, DOROTHY JEGON, b. c.1615; d. aft. 24 Aug. 1671 (when her will was written), er dau. of Rt Rev. John Jegon, Bishop of Norwich (1550-1618) and Dorothy Vaughan, and had
[Notes: The WDYTYA episode goes into much detail about Col. Gosnold. His wife Dorothy had a bishop for a father, and another for a grandfather: her mother was the daughter of Rt Rev. Richard Vaughan, bishop of London. The date of Dorothy's 1671 will is mentioned in some online sources, but it doesn't appear that her will has ever been transcribed or abstracted. Col. Gosnold and his wife had eight verifiable children: Robert (d. by 1668), Lionel (living 1673), Charles (living 1663), Edward (d. 1673), Sackford (living 1673), Dorothy (d. 1678, wife of Michael Griggs of Little Bealings, Suffolk), Elizabeth (living 1651), and Rachel (living 1692, wife of John Girling).]
13) Rev. LIONEL GOSNOLD, Rector of Boyton 1664-74, of Otley 1674-1703, of Barham 1693-1703, Vicar of Framsden 1669-82, b. c.1640; d. 11 Feb. 1703; m. 1675 St Peter Church, Palgrave, Suffolk, REBECCA HARDY, b. c.1655; bur. 23 May 1742 All Saints Church, Stuston, Suffolk, and had
Distant cousins Danny Dyer and Lord Tollemache meet up
at Helmingham Hall
[Notes: It is with this generation that a little uncertainty creeps in. There is no direct evidence to make the Lionel Gosnold who was the son of Robert and Dorothy Gosnold, the same as the clergyman Lionel Gosnold. In the 1673 will of Edward Gosnold of Great Yarmouth, he refers "To my brother Lionel Gosnold, gent., £20," and also names him sole executor. In An Alphabetical Account of the Nobility and Gentry in England and Wales (1673), "Lionel Gosnold of Otley-hall Gent." and "Seckford Gosnold of Wickham-market G[ent]." are listed. But shouldn't Lionel have been referred to as a clerk, not a gentleman, in 1673, for the Clergy database has Lionel Gosnold ordained as a priest in 1664? Alumni Cantabrigienses doesn't state any parentage for the Rev. Lionel Gosnold, who was "of Swaffham Market" when admitted to Corpus Christi in 1657. Boyd's Marriage Index 1538-1850, has a marriage entry for Lionel Gosnold and Rebecca Hardy at Palgrave in 1675. But their first child Lionel was baptized at Framsden on 1 Aug. 1675. Since at least as far back as 1764, county histories of Suffolk stated that the Gosnolds "suffered much in the time of the great Rebellion, insomuch that the Reverend Lionel Gosnold, the last of the family, and rector of that parish [of Otley], was obliged to sell that estate." In 1909, Walter Copinger, in The Manors of Suffolk, provided an entirely different account of the descent of the manor of Otley, stating it passed from Col. Gosnold (d. by 1658) to his eldest son Robert (d. by 1668), then to Robert's eldest son, another Robert, then to the second Robert's son and heir William, then to William's son and heir Thomas Gosnold, then to Isaac Martin Rebow, M.P. (d. 1781). The Otley Parish Council states that Otley Hall "remained the property of the Gosnold family until about 1668, when financial difficulties arising from the Civil War (the Gosnolds were Royalists) forced its sale. It was owned for a short while by Sir Anthony Deane, Commissioner for the Navy and member of parliament for Harwich, before passing to the Rebow family of Wivenhoe, Essex, around 1686. They held it, not as a mansion, but as a tenanted farmhouse, until 1900...after Otley Hall had been sold by Robert VII [Gosnold], who died shortly afterwards, his brother and heir Lionel, the Rector of Otley, lived here [at Church House in Otley] until his death in 1702/3. His son also named Lionel, was barrister in London, and it is thought that he sold the house around 1710, thus marking the end of the association of the Gosnold line in Otley." Which authority is correct? I have no idea. Clearly more research is needed.
St Mary Church, Framsden, Suffolk
Though we lack a primary document to confirm that Rev. Lionel Gosnold and Lionel son of Col. Robert and Dorothy Gosnold, were one and the same, nevertheless it seems extremely likely to be the case, given the rarity of the name Lionel, and the history of clergymen in Dorothy's family. Of Rev. Gosnold's wife Rebecca, I can nothing beyond her name in the marriage entry. The couple had at least nine children: 1) Lionel Gosnold of Barnard's Inn, barrister (b. 1675 Framsden; living 1710-most likely the Lionel Gosnold m. 1696 Bedingfield, Suffolk, Dorothy Howell, per Boyd's Marriage Index); 2) Walter Gosnold (b. 1676 Framsden-see below); 3) Rebecca Gosnold (b. 1678 Framsden; d. unm. 1707 Stuston); 4) Dorothy Gosnold (b. 1679 Framsden; living 1713); 5) Mary Gosnold (b. 1680 Framsden; living 1713); 6) Charles Gosnold (b. unknown; living 1713-probably the "Mr. Charles Gosnold" bur. 4 July 1723 Stuston); 7) Abigail Gosnold (b. unknown; living 1713); 8) Elizabeth Gosnold (b. unknown; living 1713); 9) Nicholas Gosnold (bap. 9 May 1695 St Mary Church, Barham; bur. 27 Apr. 1710 St Margaret Church, Ipswich).]
14) WALTER GOSNOLD of Ipswich, surgeon, bap. 10 Aug. 1676 St Mary Church, Framsden; bur. 24 May 1713 St Matthew Church, Ipswich; m.[?] ELIZABETH -----, d. 1700[?], and had
[Notes: Walter is of the first generation of Gosnolds to have been born without landed gentry status. However, the name of Gosnold would have carried weight and respectability in the county, and as the second son of a clergyman, he could have his choice of profession. A career in the church seems a natural path to have taken, but his elder brother Lionel chose law instead, while Walter chose medicine. Fortunately, Walter's P.C.C. will (written 20 Feb. 1712/3, codicil 13 May 1713, proved 2 Aug. 1718) survives, and is the proof that the Ipswich surgeon was the same Walter, son of Rev. Lionel and Rebecca Gosnold. For in the codicil to his will, Walter gives his lands (in Witnesham and Tuddenham, Suffolk, and in Great Leighs and Little Leighs, Essex) "after the death of Tendring my son, in case he shall die without issue and within the age of one and twenty years, unto and amongst my brother Charles and sisters Dorothy, Mary, Abigail and Elizabeth equally as tenants in common and to their heirs forever." Several online pedigrees which pre-date the WDYTYA episode, show Walter's wife as Elizabeth, who died 1700, and she is included in the charts presented to Danny. Whatever evidence exists to assign Walter Gosnold such a wife, it's not available online: I can't find a marriage entry for Walter, nor a burial entry for an Elizabeth Gosnold near to the date of 1700. It's clear from Walter's will that his son Tendring was his only child - it's not clear from that document whether or not Tendring was legitimate.]
St Peter Parmentergate, Norwich
15) TENDRING GOSNOLD of Norwich, Norfolk, wool weaver[?], b. c.1700; living 1728; [?]d. 1733 Fort St George, Madras, India; m. 13 May 1723 St Mary Church, East Carleton, Norfolk, ANN REYNOLDS, b. 3 June 1700, bap. 9 June 1700 St Michael Church, Broome, Norfolk; bur. 9 Feb. 1756 St Peter Parmentergate, Norwich, dau. of Henry Reynolds and Sarah (----), and had
[This is the generation that is the weakest link in the line of descent - there is no direct evidence that Tendring Gosnold had a son named Charles. 'Tendring' is an interesting and unique first name: it's possible it points to a birth in Essex, where his father Walter held lands, or that it was the maiden name of his mother, of whom we know nothing. In Walter Gosnold's will he assigns profits from the rents on his lands to be applied "toward the maintenance, better education and binding[?-the word is difficult to make out] out of the said Tendring Gosnold an apprentice." Walter had also bequeathed to his only son "all the books and instruments of my profession," perhaps with the hope he would follow in his footsteps and become a surgeon. If so, his hope didn't materialize, for in 1716, three years after his father's death, Tendring, son of Walter Gosnold of Ipswich, was formally apprenticed to Thomas Barett, wool weaver, of Norwich. Other than his 1723 marriage entry and the baptism entries for his following five children in the parish registers -- 1) Tendring Gosnold (bap. 12 Sept. 1725 St Giles Church, Norwich; bur. 8 Oct. 1726 St Peter Parmentergate); 2) Anne Gosnold (bap. 21 July 1726 St Simon & St Jude Church, Norwich; bur. 29 July 1726 St Peter Parmentergate); 3) & 4) twins Tendring and Anne Gosnold (bap. 20 June 1727 St Simon & St Jude Church, Norwich; both bur. three days later 23 June 1727 St Peter Parmentergate); 5) Anne Gosnold (b. 12 May 1728, bap. 5 June 1728 St Michael at Plea Church, Norwich) -- Tendring Gosnold cannot be found in online genealogy indexes.
Portion of the scroll given to Danny Dyer by York Herald
No baptism entry for a son Charles, nor a burial entry for Tendring Gosnold, in Norwich, or anywhere else in England. Ironically, given that her name is a far more common one than his, baptism and burial entries for Tendring's wife Ann (Reynolds) Gosnold are easily located in online parish register indexes. What happened to Tendring after 1728? Did he father a son Charles Gosnold? Per the charts given to Danny Dyer in the WDYTYA episode, Tendring's son Charles was born in 1729. If so, where? Or is it an estimate? Several online pedigrees have Tendring dying in 1733 in Fort St George, Madras, without providing any sources to back that up. That would explain why he disappears from Norwich, and indeed, English, records entirely, but...why would a weaver from Norfolk have gone to India? Did his wife and baby daughter Anne go with him, and Charles was born there? Perhaps significantly, the charts given to Danny don't include a date of death for Tendring. More research here is called for, as a baptism entry for Charles, son of Tendring Gosnold is the last element needed to solidify this entire line of descent. Whatever happened to Tendring, his widow Ann Gosnold returned to (or never left) Norwich, where her daughter Anne was apprenticed in 1741 to Hannah Ros, mantuamaker [ie., dressmaker], and married in 1755 to George Vere. The widowed Ann Gosnold died just seven months after her daughter's wedding.]
16) CHARLES GOSNOLD of Norwich, dance instructor, b. 1730/1 (aged 57, per burial entry); bur. 9 Apr. 1788 St Peter Parmentergate, Norwich; m. 13 May 1753 St John the Baptist Church, Maddermarket, Norwich, SARAH FRENCH, b. c.1732 (age 75 at death, per her M.I.); d. 31 Mar. 1807 Norwich, bur. 5 Apr. 1807 St Peter Parmentergate, and had
[I'm willing to take the leap of faith that this Charles was a son of Tendring Gosnold. Lack of a baptism entry is frustrating, but in 1752 in Norwich, Charles son of Ann Gosnold, was apprenticed to Nicholas Norgate, weaver. Given that there seem to be very few Gosnolds in Norwich in this period, and that Tendring Gosnold was himself a weaver, it's very likely that Charles was his son. The weaver apprenticeship doesn't seem to have been lasted for long, because apparently what Charles really wanted to do was dance.
Charles Gosnold's Advertisement in Norfolk Chronicle
July 25, 1778
"As a dancing master Gosnold advertised evening classes ‘near Charing Cross’ on 9 April 1756. On 18 December 1756 he published a Collection of Country Dances, printed in Norwich, and gave a ball at his Rooms. In 1757 he danced at the White Swan theatre, and advertised that he would teach within a 20-mile radius of ‘his new-built house in St Andrews.' In common with many of his profession he went to London to take lessons from a superior master and returned to advertise: ‘he has received instruction from Miles’ in London.' The refurbishment of his practice and himself was to no avail; he closed his evening class on 13 March 1758 and disappeared from the local competition, or was frozen out, until 1 January 1780 when he advertised in the Mercury: ‘DANCING: Mr Gosnold, late of Hampshire, Dancing Master, having taken a genteel and convenient house in Willow Lane, intends opening a School ..for Young Ladies and Gentlemen. His Days for teaching will be Tuesdays and Thursdays. [He] is determined that nothing shall be wanting on his Part to expedite the Improvement of those who shall be entrusted to his Care. He flatters himself that having taught dancing for more than 20 years in Principal Schools and Genteel Families will sufficiently recommend him...dances comprehended viz: the French Dances, Cotillon, Allemande, Minuet, Louvre, Country Dances...He teaches the Young Gentlemen at Palgrave School.’ Louvre and ‘the French Dances’ suggest an old-fashioned syllabus, and he may have had to revise it, re-advertising on 9 September 1780 ‘the most fashionable dances taught’. In July 1781 a similar notice appeared, in which he advertised a 22-room to let: the genteel address may have been over-ambitious. In 1782 he taught at Sir Benjamin Wrench’s Court; he hired a teaching room and lived or lodged elsewhere, after which he disappeared from the local newspapers and was not listed in Chase’s 1783 Directory. Gosnold seems to do all the right things yet still fails. Either he was not as good as his advertising or the local competition took against him” [Maggie Marsh, Norfolk Dancing Masters 1690-1815, pp. 22-23]. I'm unable to discover anything about the family of his wife Sarah née French, save for the fact that the Sarah French buried in 1741 in Maddermarket was most likely her mother.]
17) ANNE GOSNOLD, b. c.1768 (age 75 at death, per her burial entry); d. 31 May 1843 Bracondale, Norwich, bur. 8 June 1843 St Peter Parmentergate; m. 6 Mar. 1788 St Lawrence Church, Norwich, JAMES BUTTIVANT of Kennington, Surrey, merchant trader at East India House, London, b. c.1761 (aged 63 at death) Norwich; d. 11 May 1824 Kennington, bur. 19 May 1824 St Mary Church, Lambeth, Surrey, son of James Buttivant of St George's, Tombland, Norwich, master weaver (c.1740-1793) and Mary Walker (1739-1787), and had
Norwich Market Place in 1806
[Notes: Anne was "a minor with the consent of her father Charles Gosnold” at her 1788 marriage. She and James Buttivant were already on familiar terms: her elder brother Thomas Gosnold (1760-1800), a tailor, had married James's younger sister Mary Buttivant (1763-1851) four years previous in 1784. Actually, Anne and James were already on -very- familiar terms: their first child was born seven months after the wedding. Danny Dyer's 90-year-old great-aunt, when the Buttivants are first brought up in the episode, thought the family may have been French and had come from money. The French part turned out to be incorrect, but the money portion was not. This is the generation where the Buttivants did have some money. Whatever social status the Gosnolds may have lost in the century since the sale of Otley Hall, the Buttivants managed to regain. Norwich was in the golden age of its cloth industry in the 18th-century, and was the wealthiest town in England, with a population of almost 30,000 and a rich cultural life: the winter theatre season, the festivities accompanying the summer assizes, and other popular entertainments.
John Henry Buttivant tomb, Old Protestant Cemetery, Macau
[Image from Find a Grave]
Anne's husband James Buttivant, the son of a master weaver (and Freemason), went into business with partner William White as a manufacturer, and though that venture went bankrupt in 1799, Buttivant rebounded from it. In 1806, he was appointed inspector of Norwich camblets for the East India Company, and in 1809 moved with his family to the London suburb of Kennington, with his office in the East India House. The Buttivants had a large family of ten children, and in April 1824, when the news came to them of the death, the previous summer in Macau, of eldest son John Henry Buttivant (1793-1823), a chief officer on the HEIC ship Royal George, it was a fatal blow to his father. James Buttivant died a month later in May 1824. His death was recorded in Gentlemen's Magazine, an affirmation of the social status James had achieved, but it also proved to be the peak of that status, for the double deaths left the family in mourning, and in a precarious financial situation. The widowed Anne Buttivant returned to Norwich, settling in the suburb of Bracondale with her eldest daughter Sarah, a spinster, whom she made her sole beneficiary and executrix of her will (written 1 Aug. 1840, proved 4 July 1843 P.C.C.)]
18) CHARLES BUTTIVANT of London, coal merchant/clerk, b. 15 Sept. 1804 Norwich, bap. 16 Sept. 1804 St Michael at Plea Church, Norwich; d. (suicide) 10 July 1865 No. 4 Dean Street, St George in the East; = (common law marriage) c.1850, HANNAH SARAH WING, laundress, b. c.1826 Stepney, London; d. 1909 Islington, London, and had
One of the pedigree charts used in the episode
[Notes: This is the generation that starts from a mercantile middle-class family in a London suburb, and ends in the slums of Victorian London's East End - Charles Buttivant is a tragic figure. The third of five sons, Charles was only 19 years old when his father died. Though the responsibility for the 1827 bankruptcy of his father's trading business in East India House falls on the shoulders of Charles's elder brother James Buttivant (1799-1835) and his brother-in-law Henry Alexander Illingworth (1796-1832, husband of Catherine Buttivant), it nevertheless had a negative impact on Charles and his brothers, forcing them into their own careers rather than an established family business. Charles started out promisingly enough, forming a partnership with W. Goddard as coal merchants on Milbank Street in Westminster. He married in 1830 at age 26, Mary Ann Frampton (1809-1867), and starting in 1836, they had five surviving children. But about ten years later, things started to go sour for Charles: his business partnership dissolved in 1846, and Charles went from being a coal merchant to being a secretary to coal merchants. About this time, he started up an affair with Hannah Wing (c.1824-1909), twenty years his junior, who bore him the first of six children the following year. Though Charles and his wife Mary Ann are living together as a married couple in the 1851 Census, Hannah bore him a second child that same year. "I hereby give notice, for the third time, that I will not hold myself responsible for any debts my wife, Mary Ann, may incur, having been separated upwards of 12 years," Charles stated in a notice in the Morning Post on 29 Jan. 1861, complete with his eldest son by said wife, 24-year-old stableman Charles John Buttivant (1836-1897), as witness. The Census of the same year finds Charles and Hannah living as a married couple in Whitechapel, with their growing family.
High Street, Whitechapel, mid-19th-century
Charles was the second older married man Hannah had gotten involved with: in 1843 at age 19, she bore a son to James George King, and banns for their marriage were posted a couple months later, but his mother and brother came forward and prevented it, informing the church that not only was James King already married with six children, he was also of unsound mind. It was about three years after this, that the young laundress met coal merchant Charles Buttivant. In the 19th-century, divorce was prohibitively expensive for any but the upper class, and though common law second wives could assume the surname of the man they were living with, in truth they had no legal rights or recourse. At this point, Charles's downward spiral was far more concerning than his bigamy. At the inquest held at the Wellington Tavern, Cannon Street Road, two nights after Charles's death, Mr. C. Emerson George testified, "I was an intimate friend of the deceased. He had fallen into great difficulties in consequence of not being able to get cargoes for ships. He was a man of good ability and education, and he was always trying to get something to do, but the worst of it was that whenever a ship went in, somebody else, younger men than himself, always got hold of it. His furniture was going to be removed under a bill of sale...and the landlord had threatened to distrain for the rent. He had been summoned to the county court for one debt, and for another he had been served with a writ. He had been requested by the guardians of the poor to appear before them to show cause why he did not pay the arrears of the poor-rate...He failed through sheer misfortune" ['Suicide Through Misfortune', Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, Sunday, July 16, 1865]. The physician at the inquest testified that Charles had "expired in consequence of taking a very large dose of oil of bitter almonds. He had drunk about one ounce."
Albert & Ann (née Howcutt) Buttivant
- see Generation 19

The most heartbreaking testimony came from Charles and Hannah's 18-year-old eldest daughter, Hannah Martha Buttivant (1847-1939): "The deceased was my father. He was a shipping clerk. He had latterly been very desponding in consequence of the reduced circumstances of his family. On Monday last I found him lying upon the bed in his room, groaning. There was a smell of bitter almonds in the room, and I said, 'Father, you have taken the bitter almonds!' He said to his youngest child, who was seated on the bed near him, 'Don't cry, dear.' I again spoke to him, and said, 'I cannot remain and see you suffering thus. I will go and call ma.' He gave a groan and exclaimed, 'Oh, my God!' He died in half an hour in the presence of three doctors. He had been given the bottle of bitter almonds at the docks by a person who brought it with him to this country from a chemist in Port Adelaide" [Ibid]. The jury at the inquest returned a verdict that the deceased took his own life in a state of temporary mental derangement. Hannah Wing kept the Buttivant surname and the public status as Charles's widow for the rest of her long life. She married off all three of her daughters, and continued to hold her family together as a single mother in the East End working as a laundress. She died in the London suburb of Islington in 1909 at age 83.]
19) ALBERT BUTTIVANT of Poplar, London, cigar maker, labourer, b. 4 Nov. 1851 Whitechapel, London, bap. 28 Dec. 1856 St Botolph Without Aldgate; d. 19 Mar. 1935 Poplar; m. 1871 Bethnal Green, Stepney, ANNE HOWCUTT, washerwoman, b. 23 Feb. 1849 Stepney, bap. 12 Feb. 1862 St Dunstan Church, Stepney; d. 1933 Poplar, dau. of William James Howcutt of Mile End, blacksmith (c.1819-1883) and Emma Brown (1817-1898), and had
Mile End Old Town Workhouse, London
[Notes: Charles Buttivant's suicide in 1865 would have haunted all of his children, but it seemed to take a particularly hard toll on 14-year-old Albert, his eldest son from his second wife Hannah. Though one of Charles's sons from his first marriage -- George Edward Buttivant (1839-aft.1910) -- spent time in and out of the workhouse in his senior years, Albert was the only one of Charles's eleven surviving children to suffer the workhouse during his 30s. He married Ann Howcutt, daughter of a Mile End blacksmith in early 1871, and they had a son who died in infancy and three daughters. Records from Mile End Old Town Workhouse on Bancroft Road show that Ann Buttivant and her youngest daughter, baby Mary Ann, were admitted as paupers in 1878. In in the 1881 census, both Albert and his wife are inmates at the workhouse. There are many further workhouse admission and discharge records for Albert Buttivant's family, including Mary Ann's elder sisters Eliza and Emma, with Albert and his wife in and out of the workhouse early into the 20th century, as late as 1920. It's not clear why poverty overcame Albert to a more devastating degree than it did his siblings. Steady work eluded him: he started off in a cigar factory, and by his forties was a general labourer. From a social status viewpoint, Albert is basically the rock bottom of this entire line of descent. But, boy, were he and his wife made of stern stuff - together they survived their living conditions, both in and outside of the workhouse, and made it to a ripe old age, each dying at 83.]
Mary Ann (née Butinant) Wallace, with her
youngest child Sylvia, and Sylvia's daughter, Iris
20) MARY ANN BUTTIVANT, domestic, paper sorter, b. 21 Nov. 1877 Limehouse, London; d. 1 Jan. 1960 Poplar; = (common law) c.1900, JOHN WALLACE of Bromley, London, street hawker, b. 1871 Bromley; d. unknown, after 1923[?], son of Obadiah Wallace of Bromley, bricklayer (c.1845-1891) and Rebecca Waight (1847-1927), and had
[Notes: The WDYTYA episode spends a significant amount of time on Mary Ann Buttivant, with good reason, for she was an inspiring woman. From a childhood spent in and out of the workhouse, she went into domestic service. In February 1895, the 17-year-old Mary Ann gave birth all on her own to a female child that bled to death two minutes afterwards from the umbilical cord not being tied off due to lack of medical attention. Mary Ann tried to conceal the newborn's body, but was found out and charged in police court, where she pled guilty. She was given the equivalent of a suspended sentence. Two months later, she married an East End gas stoker, Walter Charles Marlton (1866-1945), and bore him two sons before the marriage went sour. Unable to afford a divorce, the couple separated, and Mary Ann took up with street hawker John Wallace, with whom she lived as a wife and had eight more children. She never spoke of it to her family, but Mary Ann didn't let her horrifying first experience of childbirth traumatize her: in later life, she delivered many babies for local women, as a sort of midwife, always leaving the cutting of the cord for the nurse to do. Mary Ann stopped the downward spiral of the previous two generations, and, though she struggled financially throughout her life, provided the stable home for her children that she herself had lacked. She lived to age 82, raising her children and helping to raise her grandchildren: a true family matriarch.]
21) MARY ANN WALLACE, b. 1914 Poplar; d. (of kidney failure) 1941 Essex; m. 1931 Poplar, as his 1st wife, ARTHUR EDWARD RUDD of Parham, Suffolk, b. 17 Nov. 1909 Poplar; d. 23 July 1994 Parham, bur. St Mary Churchyard, Parham, son of Charles Rudd of Poplar, carman (b. 1880) and Ellen Louisa Milton, domestic servant (1880-1944), and had
22) JOYCE M. L. RUDD, b. 1931 Poplar; m. there 1954, JOHN DENIS DYER, b. 1931 West Ham, Essex; d. 28 Apr. 2015 Rainham, Essex, yst son of George Dyer of London, dock worker (1898-1977) and Ethel May Aldridge (1899-1989), and had
London dockyards
[Notes: Joyce Rudd was only nine years old when her mother died, and she was raised by her grandmother Mary Ann and aunt Sylvia. Her husband was from a family that had a long association working in the tough manual industries that are connected to the docks on the River Thames. Joyce's father-in-law, dock worker George Dyer, went into the Royal Navy, serving for three years between 1916 and 1919 as a stoker based in Chatham, Kent. On leaving the Navy, George returned to working in the London docks as a labourer, probably earning a basic living throughout the 1920s and 1930s. George is found in the 1911 census living under the same roof as his father Edward Dyer, a boilermaker's labourer aged 60, and mother Jacoba, from Holland. In their thirty-five year marriage, Edward and Jacoba had brought 16 children into the world, nine of whom had died by 1911 ['Danny Dyer's Cockney and Royal Roots-Who Do You Think You Are?', The Genealogist, 21 Nov. 2016]. For a thoroughly researched account of Danny's paternal Dyer ancestors, see the four-part series on this genealogy blog.]
23) ANTONY DYER, painter, b. 1955 West Ham, Essex; m. 1975 London (divorce), CHRISTINA J. MEAKIN, b. 1955 East Ham, Essex, dau. of John L. Meakin and Pauline Israel, and had
Danny Dyer in a promo shot for the episode
24) DANIEL JOHN 'Danny' DYER of Debden, Epping Forest, Essex, actor, b. 24 July 1977 Canning Town, Newham, London; m. 3 Sept. 2016 Chewton Glen Hotel, New Milton, Hampshire, JOANE MAS, and has issue, one son and two daughters.

It's not very common that a line of descent from Edward III, which branched off from the landed gentry level of society over three hundred years ago in the seventeenth century, can be traced to the present. As frustrated as I can get by the lack of sources in most of the personal pedigrees posted online in genealogy databases, they nevertheless are often the only footprints available to trace back ancestral lines that fall outside of the peerage and gentry. Danny Dyer's descent from Edward III couldn't have been researched if there hadn't already been Gosnold and Buttivant pedigrees posted by genealogists (many pre-computer age) on Ancestry. It's a fascinating line, genealogically and socially, and Danny Dyer has every right to be proud of each generation of it.


In preparation for the 100th blogpost, I've gone back into all of the posts to date. In some cases, I've re-written portions, in many cases I've added further genealogical information, portraits, and pictures. Thanks to John Higgins for pointing out two additional Edward III lines of descent for Lady Ellen (née Thresher) Wrey - post {86} has been updated to include them.

I'm honoured to have Desmond Clarke as a guest blogger for Post {100}, sharing the story of his ancestor Henry William Petre and Napoleon's horse Marengo. It should be up in a couple days.

Cheers,                                    -----Brad

Friday, January 6, 2017

{98} Ruvigny Elaboration: Henry VII/James V Descents for Margery (née Portal) Evan-Thomas (1881-1962)

Margery (née Portal) Evan-Thomas
When Geoffrey Rawstorne married Margery Portal in the summer of 1907, "two ancient and interesting county families" [The Graphic, July 27, 1907] were united. The wedding received a write-up in the Lancashire Daily Post, which is to be expected, as the 27-year-old groom was the heir to the manor of Penwortham Priory, as well as to Hutton Hall in the same parish, within that county. But it also received coverage (with photographs of the young couple) in two different London illustrated weekly newspapers, The Graphic and The Sketch. This was a first for the Rawstornes, and it seems that it was the bride's family who warranted such attention.

Margery Portal and her siblings grew up as social fixtures in the neighbourhood of Whitchurch, in northern Hampshire. She was the eldest of four children of a baronet, the head of the firm which manufactured the paper for the Bank of England notes, and for postal orders. Their home was Laverstoke House, a fine mansion standing in a park of 275 acres which slopes down to the right bank of the River Test. It had been the family seat for over a hundred years when Margery was born, since its purchase in 1759 by Henry Portal (c.1690-1747), a French Huguenot immigrant who had turned the local corn mill into a thriving paper manufacturer. Portal had fled persecution after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and arrived in Southampton in about 1706. He found there an influential community of Huguenot émigrés including the White Paper Makers’ Company of England, with whom he became involved, working in a paper mill at South Stoneham, near Southampton in 1710. In December 1724, Henry Portal was awarded the contract for producing watermarked banknote paper for the Bank of England. Personal connections may have played a part: the then-governor of the Bank of England, Sir Gilbert Heathcote, was from a Huguenot family, and it was his uncle, Sir William Heathcote, who granted Portal the lease to his first mill (Bere, in Whitchurch) in 1712. [See Gearing Franklin, Laverstoke Mill, Whitchurch, Hampshire: Historic Buildings Report, English Heritage Research Department Report Series, 2010]
Laverstoke House, Hampshire
John & Elizabeth (née Drummond) Portal Memorial
All Saints Church, Whitchurch
It was Henry Portal's grandson John Portal who first married into the Edward I bloodline, as a 51-year-old widower. John was the youngest of his father's three sons, and the only one who was interested in the family business: the eldest son had become an officer and the second a solicitor. So when Joseph died in 1793, he bequeathed to John a smaller family estate in Hampshire, Freefolk Priors, as well as the family business and all of the mills. The following year John Portal married Mary Corrie, the 19-year-old daughter of a non-conformist London merchant, who, like Portal's father, had died the previous year. Mary bore Portal eight children, before death descended on the family in the autumn of 1811, and claimed the 36-year-old Mary and three of their children. A middle-aged widower with five surviving young children, it was important for Portal to marry again. Appropriately enough for the man who owned the mills which produced the banknote paper, his choice fell on 27-year-old Elizabeth Drummond, a spinster from one of London's leading banking families. Her paternal grandfather, the Hon. Henry Drummond had been the seventh and youngest son of the Jacobite peer Viscount Strathallan, killed at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. Henry was a partner of Drummonds, the London bank in Charing Cross founded in 1717 by his uncle Andrew Drummond (1688-1769). The Grange, a beautiful mansion in Hampshire ten miles southeast of Laverstoke House, was the country seat of the banking Drummonds of London, and Elizabeth's elder brother Henry Drummond (1786-1860) was its squire when she married John Portal in 1815. She became a real matriarch within the Portal family, a mother not only to her four stepchildren but to the seven children she went on to have with him as well.
Portal Baronets coat of arms

Margery, the great-granddaughter of John and Elizabeth (née Drummond) Portal, and her younger sister (by three years) Mary Portal, grew up in the world of turn-of-the-century yachting. Their father Sir William Wyndham Portal, 2nd Bt, was a longtime member of the Royal Yacht Squadron. Mary was the first to become engaged, at age 19, to Capt. the Hon. Charles Monck, an officer in the Coldstream Guards and heir to an Irish viscountcy. Margery was a bridesmaid at their wedding in 1904. When Margery wed Geoffrey Rawstorne three years later, he was a land agent controlling the estate of Wyvern in Radnorshire. When war broke out, Rawstorne joined the Lancashire Hussars, the same regiment his elder brother had fought with in South Africa. Both Margery and her sister Mary lost their officer husbands in combat during the Great War. Unlike the Moncks, however, the Portals were childless. Two weeks after Germany surrendered, the 37-year-old Margery re-married. Her second husband Charles Evan-Thomas was also a land agent, the sixth and youngest son of a London barrister from a minor gentry family in Glamorganshire. The second marriage was also childless. Evan-Thomas died at age 77 in 1943, in the midst of the Second World War. Margery survived him almost twenty years, her only surviving sibling her brother Sir Wyndham Portal, whom she was no doubt pleased to see raised to the peerage, first to a barony in 1935, followed by a viscountcy in 1945. But he, like Margery, was childless, so at his death in 1949, his peerages became extinct but the baronetcy passed to an 84-year-old uncle. Margery spent her remaining years in retirement in the beautiful Herefordshire village of Breinton on the River Wye, though she died in 1962 at age 81 in Winchester, in her home county of Hampshire, a city which had been especially beloved by her father.

Maj. Geoffrey Rawstorne
MARGERY PORTAL, b. 11 Apr. 1881 Chelsea, London; d.s.p. 12 Dec. 1962 Royal Hampshire County Hospital, Winchester, er dau. of Sir William Wyndham Portal, 2nd Baronet of Malshanger (1850-1931, descended from James V - see Generation A13 below) and Florence Elizabeth Mary Glyn (1858-1931, descended from Edward III); m. 1st 24 July 1907 St Mary Church, Laverstoke, Hampshire, Maj. (THOMAS) GEOFFREY RAWSTORNE of Wyvern, Radnorshire, Major Lancashire Hussars 1916-17, b. 29 Sept. 1879 Westminster, London, d.s.p. (killed in action) 31 July 1917 Ypres, Flanders, Belgium, bur. Bard Cottage Cemetery, Ypres, yr son of Lawrence Rawstorne of Penwortham Priory (1842-1938, descended from Henry IV) and Edith Elizabeth Hesketh (1851-1931, descended from Henry VII); m. 2nd 27 Nov. 1918 Westminster, CHARLES HENRY EVAN-THOMAS of Caerwnon, Breconshire, Wales, land agent, b. 15 Aug. 1866 Cranmers, Mitcham, Surrey, bap. 1 Sept. 1866 St Peter & St Paul Church, Mitcham; d.s.p. 13 Sept. 1943 Harrow Weald, Middlesex, yst son of Charles Evan Thomas of Gnoll, Glamorganshire, barrister (1817-1902) and Caroline Pearson (c.1822-1909).
Margery Portal in Ruvigny's Tudor volume

Margery Portal appears with her father and siblings on p. 539 of Ruvigny's 1903 Tudor volume. Line A below is an elaboration of the line from Henry VII that the marquis traced for her. Line B is her second line from Henry VII, through his grandson James V of Scotland, which wasn't traced by Ruvigny as it is stems from an illegitimate son of the Scottish monarch.
Henry VII

HENRY VII had two daus A1 & B1 (see below)
A1) Princess MARY TUDOR, b. 18 Mar. 1496 Richmond Palace, Surrey; d. 25 June 1533 Westhorpe Hall, Suffolk, bur. 22 July 1533 Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk; m. 2nd 31 Mar. 1515 Paris, France, as his 3rd wife, CHARLES BRANDON, 1st Duke of Suffolk, b. c.1483; d. 22 Aug. 1545 Guildford, Surrey, bur. 9 Sept. 1545 St George Chapel, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, yr son of Sir William Brandon (c.1453-1485, descended from Edward I) & Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494), and had
A2) Lady ELEANOR BRANDON, b. 1519; d. 27 Sept. 1547 Brougham Castle, Westmorland, bur. Holy Trinity Church, Skipton, Yorkshire; m. June 1535 Suffolk House, Southwark, Surrey, as his 1st wife, HENRY CLIFFORD, 2nd Earl of Cumberland, b. c.1517; d. 2 Jan. 1570 Brougham Castle, bur. Holy Trinity Church, Skipton, er son of Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland (1493-1542, descended from Edward III) & Lady Margaret Percy (c.1495-1540, descended from Edward III), and had
Margaret (née Clifford), Countess
of Derby
- see Generation A3
A3) Lady MARGARET CLIFFORD, b. 1540; d. 29 Sept. 1596 Cleveland Row, Westminster, bur. 22 Oct. 1596 Westminster Abbey; m. 7 Feb. 1555 Whitehall Palace, Westminster, HENRY STANLEY, 4th Earl of Derby, b. Sept. 1531 Lathom Castle, Lancashire, bap. there 4 Oct. 1531; d. there 25 Sept. 1593, bur. 4 Dec. 1593 St Peter & St Paul Church, Ormskirk, Lancashire, son of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby (1509-1572, descended from Edward III) & his 2nd wife Lady Dorothy Howard (c.1514-c.1547, descended from Edward I), and had
A4) WILLIAM STANLEY, 6th Earl of Derby, b. Derby House, Cannon Row, Westminster, bap. 20 July 1561 St Martin Ludgate, London; d. 29 Sept. 1642 Chester, Cheshire, bur. there 1 Oct. 1642; m. 26 Jan. 1595 Greenwich Palace, Kent, Lady ELIZABETH DE VERE, b. 2 July 1575 Theobalds House, Hertfordshire, bap. there 10 July 1575; d. 10 Mar. 1627 Richmond Palace, Surrey, bur. 11 Mar. 1627 Westminster Abbey, est. dau of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (1550-1604, descended from Edward I) & his 1st wife Anne Cecil (1556-1588), and had
7th Earl of Derby -
see Generation A5
A5) JAMES STANLEY, 7th Earl of Derby, b. 31 Jan. 1606 Knowsley Hall, Lancashire; d. 15 Oct. 1651 Bolton, Lancashire, bur. St Peter & St Paul Church, Ormskirk; m. 26 June 1626 The Hague, Holland, CHARLOTTE DE LA TREMOILLE, b. Dec. 1599 Thouars Castle, Poitou, France; d. 22 Mar. 1664 Knowsley Hall, bur. 6 Apr. 1664 St Peter & St Paul Church, Ormskirk, dau of Claude de La Trémoille, 2nd Duke of Thouars (1566-1604, descended from Frederick IV of Naples) & Countess Charlotte Brabatine of Nassau (1580-1631), and had
A6) Lady AMELIA ANN SOPHIA STANLEY, b. 17 July 1633; d. 22 Feb. 1703, bur. Dunkeld Cathedral, Perthshire, Scotland; m. 5 May 1659, JOHN MURRAY, 1st Marquess of Atholl, b. 2 May 1631; d. 6 May 1703, bur. 17 May 1703 Dunkeld Cathedral, son of John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl (d. 1642, descended from James IV) & Jean Campbell (descended from Edward III), and had
2nd Lord Nairne -
see Generation A7
A7) WILLIAM MURRAY [later NAIRNE], 2nd Lord Nairne, b. 10 Dec. 1664; d. 3 Feb. 1726 Nairne House, Auchtergaven, Perthshire, bur. Auchtergaven Parish Church; m. (contract 18 Jan.) 1690, MARGARET NAIRNE (see B7 below), and had
A8) Hon. MARGARET NAIRNE, b. 19 Aug. 1692; d. 28 May 1773 Machany House, Blackford, Perthshire; m. 1 Nov. 1712, WILLIAM DRUMMOND, 4th Viscount Strathallan, b. c.1690 Machany House; d. (killed in battle) 16 Apr. 1746 Culloden Moor, Inverness-shire, Scotland, 4th son of Sir John Drummond, 3rd of Machany House (c.1650-1707, descended from James IV) and Margaret Stewart (descended from Edward III), and had
A9) Hon. HENRY DRUMMOND of The Grange, Northington, Hampshire, partner Drummonds Bank, Charing Cross, London, M.P. Wendover 1774-80, Midhurst 1780-90, b. 7 Feb. 1730 Machany House, bap. 9 Feb. 1730 Blackford Parish Church; d. 24 June 1795 The Grange, bur. 1 July 1795 St John Church, Northington; m. 23 Mar. 1761 St James Church, Westminster, ELIZABETH COMPTON, b. 13 Sept. 1734; d. 25 Mar. 1819 Marylebone, London, bur. 2 Apr. 1819 St John Church, Northington, 4th dau. of Hon. Charles Compton of Northampton (1698-1755, descended from Edward III) and Mary Lucy (b. 1709, descended from Edward III), and had
Hon. Henry Drummond
- see Generation A9
A10) HENRY DRUMMOND, Heir of The Grange, M.P. Castle Rising 1790-94, b. 13 Jan. 1762 Westminster, bap. 9 Feb. 1762 St Margaret Church, Westminster; d. 4 July 1794 Spring Gardens, London, bur. 11 July 1794 St John Church, Northington; m. 13 Feb. 1786 St Martin in the Fields, London, as her 1st husband, Hon. ANNE DUNDAS, b. 28 Sept. 1768 Edinburgh; d. there 21 Jan. 1852, bur. St John Princes Street, Edinburgh, 2nd dau. of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742-1811, descended from James IV) and his 1st wife Elizabeth Rannie (1750-1846), and had
A11) ELIZABETH DRUMMOND, b. 31 Jan. 1788 Westminster, bap. 28 Feb. 1788 St James Church, Westminster; d. 21 May 1877 Knightsbridge, London, bur. 26 May 1877 St Mary Church, Laverstoke, Hampshire; m. 1 Aug. 1815 St Swithin Church, Walcot, Bath, Somersetshire, as his 2nd wife, JOHN PORTAL of Laverstoke House, b. 29 Apr. 1764, bap. 9 Oct. 1764 All Saints Church, Whitchurch, Hampshire; d. 7 May 1848 Freefolk Priors, Hampshire, bur. All Saints Church, Whitchurch, yst son of Joseph Portal of Laverstoke House, paper mills owner (1720-1793) and Sarah Peachey (d. 1802), and had
Sir William Wyndham Portal,
1st Bt
- see Generation A12
A12) Sir WYNDHAM SPENCER PORTAL, 1st Baronet of Malshanger, b. 22 July 1822 Freefolk Priors, bap. 28 June 1823 St Mary Church, Laverstoke; d. 14 Sept. 1905 Malshanger House, Oakley, Hampshire, bur. 18 Sept. 1905 St Leonard Church, Oakley; m. 19 Apr. 1849 All Saints Church, Deane, Hampshire, MARY JANE HICKS-BEACH, b. 9 Sept. 1828 Oakley Hall, Church Oakley, Hampshire, bap. 13 Oct. 1828 All Saints Church, Deane; d. 4 Nov. 1903 Malshanger House, bur. 9 Nov. 1903 St Leonard Church, Oakley, est dau. of Col. William Hicks-Beach of Oakley Hall (1783-1856, descended from Edward III) and Jane Henrietta Browne (1804-1831, descended from Edward III), and had
A13) Sir WILLIAM WYNDHAM PORTAL, 2nd Baronet of Malshanger, b. 12 Apr. 1850 Westminster, bap. 19 May 1850 St Mary Church, Laverstoke; d. 30 Sept. 1931 Laverstoke House, bur. 3 Oct. 1931 St Mary Church, Laverstoke; m. 23 June 1880 Chapel Royal, Savoy, London, FLORENCE ELIZABETH MARY GLYN, b. 17 June 1858 Great Stanmore, Middlesex, bap. 12 July 1858 St John Church, Great Stanmore; d. 30 Dec. 1931 Marylebone, London, bur. 3 Jan. 1932 St Mary Church, Laverstoke, 2nd dau. of Hon. St Leger Richard Glyn of Bramble Hill House (1826-1870, descended from Edward III) and Florence Elizabeth Wilmot Williams (1827-1887, descended from Edward III), and had
A14) MARGERY PORTAL (1881-1962-see details above)
Margaret (née Tudor), Queen of
- see Generation B1

B1) Princess MARGARET TUDOR of England, b. 28 Nov. 1489 Westminster Palace, London, bap. St Margaret Church, Westminster; d. 18 Oct. 1541 Methven Castle, Perthshire, bur. Charterhouse, Perth; m. 1st 8 Aug. 1503 Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh, JAMES IV STEWART, King of Scotland 1488-1513, b. 17 Mar. 1473 Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire; d. (killed in battle) 9 Sept. 1513 Flooded Field, Northumberland, bur. St Paul's Cathedral, London, and had
B2) JAMES V STEWART, King of Scotland 1513-1542, b. 10 Apr. 1512 Linlithgow Palace, West Lothian; d. 14 Dec. 1542 Falkland Palace, Fifeshire, bur. 8 Jan. 1543 Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh; = 1532, EUPHEMIA ELPHINSTONE, b. 11 May 1509; d. after 1564, dau. of Alexander, 1st Lord Elphinstone (c.1480-1513) and Elizabeth Barlow (c.1476-1518), and had
1st Earl of Orkney -
see Generation B3
B3) ROBERT STEWART, 1st Earl of Orkney, illegit., b. spring 1533 (per ODNB); d. 4 Feb. 1593 Earl's Palace, Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, bur. St Magnus Cathedral, Kirkwall; m. 14 Dec. 1561, Lady JANET KENNEDY, b. c.1542; d. Sept. 1598, dau. of Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassillis (c.1517-1558) and Margaret Kennedy (c.1520-1596), and had
B4) LADY JEAN STEWART, b. c.1565; d. after 1642; m. 1st, PATRICK LESLIE, 1st Lord Lindores, b. c.1557; d. by 5 Oct. 1608 (per ScotsPeer), 2nd son of Andrew Leslie, 5th Earl of Rothes (c.1530-1611) and his 1st wife Grizel Hamilton (d. by 1573, descended from James II), and had
B5) Hon. MARGARET LESLIE, b. c.1600; d. unknown; m. (contract 30 Apr.) 1622 (per ScotsPeer), JOHN DRUMMOND, 2nd Lord Maderty, b. c.1580; d. by 1651, son of James Drummond, 1st Lord Maderty (c.1555-1623) and Jean Chisholm (1555-1589, descended from James IV), and had
Margaret Nairne -
see Generation B7
B6) Hon. JEAN DRUMMOND, b. c.1625; d. unknown; m. c.1640 PATRICK GRAEME, 5th Laird of Inchbrakie Castle, Crieff, Perthshire, b. c.1610; d. 1687, son of George Graeme, 4th Laird of Inchbrakie Castle (c.1585-1654, descended from James II) and Margaret Keith (descended from James I), and had
B6) MARGARET GRAEME, b. c.1644; bur. 3 May 1704 (per Burke's); m. after 10 Jan. 1657 (per ODNB), ROBERT NAIRNE, 1st Lord Nairne, b. c.1620; d. 30 May 1683, bur. June 1683 Auchtergaven Parish  Church, Perthshire, son of Robert Naire of Strathurd, Perthshire, advocate (d. 1652) and Katherine Preston, and had
B7) MARGARET NAIRNE, b. 16 Dec. 1669; d. 14 Nov. 1747, bur. Auchtergaven Parish Church; m. (contract 18 Jan.) 1690, WILLIAM MURRAY [later NAIRNE], 2nd Lord Nairn (see A7 above)

For the next blogpost, I'm going to take a break from the peerage and baronetage, and focus on the Edward III descent for British actor Danny Dyer, which was featured last November on the season premiere of Who Do You Think You Are.

Cheers,                                      ------Brad