Wednesday, May 11, 2016

{75} RD600 Addition: Henry Thomas Weld of Mt Savage, Maryland (1816-1893)

Weld of Lulworth Coat of Arms
[Azure a fesse nebule, between
three crescents ermine
It seems there are very few descendants of King Charles II who have immigrated to the United States. Gary Boyd Roberts includes six in his 2004 edition of Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants (RD600). They are, in alphabetical order by surname:
1) Lady Caroline Blackwood (1931-1996)
2) Benedict Swingate Calvert (1732-1788)
3) Rupert Everett (b. 1959)
4) Charles Heneage (1841-1901)
5) Jessica Mitford (1917-1996)
6) Rachel Ward (b. 1957)

I find this a little misleading, as of those six, only three (Lady Caroline Blackwood, Benedict Swingate Calvert, and Jessica Mitford) made the U.S. their permanent home. The two actors may have spent some time in the States for their careers, but Rupert Everett makes his home in London and is definitely British, while Rachel Ward is considered one of Australia's leading actresses. Charles Heneage was in the British diplomatic service, and only spent about two years, 1862-1864, in Washington, DC, before his transfer to Europe, where he spent the remainder of his career. Though he did meet American-born Agnes Joy (later Princess of Salm-Salm), his future wife, while stationed in DC, and he certainly led an interesting life, Heneage can hardly be considered an American immigrant. He does however have a third cousin, through his Petre great-grandmother, who did immigrate permanently to the U.S., and left an impact on the history of the American railroad.
Mount Savage Iron Works
[Image from Mount Savage Historical Society]
Henry Thomas Weld, born 1816 in London, was the eldest son of the seven children of a prominent Reform politician in Southampton, James Weld of Archers Lodge, who was from one of the leading Roman Catholic families in England. The Welds had estates in Oxfordshire, Hampshire, and Lancashire, in addition to the family's chief seat, Lulworth Castle in Dorset. Many members of the family chose to lead religious lives, and Henry's younger brother Francis Weld became a priest, while their sister Agnes became a Benedictine nun. Their grandfather Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle founded Stonyhurst College in 1794. Henry Weld took after his more worldly father, who was a keen yachtsman and active on the magisterial bench once Catholics were allowed to to hold office after the passing of the Catholic Emancipation Act in 1829. Henry Weld became a civil engineer, arriving in New York at the end of 1838 as managing agent and director of the Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company, recently established and largely capitalized by English shareholders. Weld oversaw the building of the Mount Savage Iron Works on land which the company owned at the base of Big Savage Mountain in the Allegheny Mountains, rich in iron ore. In the 1840s, Mount Savage became the largest iron works in the U.S., and the first in the nation to produce heavy rails for the construction of railroads. Production in 1845 was about 200 tons per week. In 1845 Weld purchased 12,000 acres of timber lands in Somerset County in the neighbouring state of Pennsylvania. He set up a saw mill in what was to become the settlement of Southampton Mills. He later became one of the largest coal-barge proprietors on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. By the 1860s he owned real estate valued at $10,000, personal estate valued at $8,000 and enjoyed an annual income estimated at $4,000 (My primary source for the life and achievements of Henry T. Weld, and for his father James Weld, is the excellent online article by historian Richard Preston, 'James Weld (1785-1855): a Brief Biography of a Southampton Yachtsman and Politician'). In 1862/3, Weld founded St Patrick's Roman Catholic Church in Mount Savage, the only Catholic church west of Cumberland (the seat of Allegany County), and many families from neighbouring towns travelled to Mount Savage for Mass.
Harriet (née Hoffman) Weld and her father Jeremiah Hoffman

In 1843 at age 27, Henry Weld married the 30-year-old Harriet Emily Hoffman, the only child of Baltimore merchant Jeremiah Hoffman (c.1780-1844). Like her husband, Harriet had been born in London. Jeremiah Hoffman was one of the eight sons and eleven children of German-born Peter Hoffman (1742-1809), who immigrated to the U.S. in the 1760s, and established a dry goods business in Baltimore which eventually became the hugely successful mercantile company Hoffman & Sons. Jeremiah and his brother William Hoffman represented the family's interests in England, with Jeremiah taking up residence in Russel Square, in the London neighbourhood of Bloomsbury. He met and married fellow Maryland native Emily Tilghman, who had lived in Portman Square since about age 9, when her widowed mother moved with her five young children from a plantation in Queen Anne's County, Maryland to her parents in London.  Harriet's mother died in childbirth when Harriet was only a toddler, and her father never re-married. Jeremiah Hoffman moved back to Baltimore in 1825 with his 13-year-old daughter, purchasing a fine brick home there which he called Chatsworth House. Just a year after his daughter Harriet married Henry Weld, Jeremiah was shot and killed in October 1844. Henry and Harriet Weld had no children of their own, making the community of Mount Savage their primary focus. They lived in a nice estate home there for nearly 50 years, with Harriet dying in 1892, and Henry Weld the following year. His obituary describes Henry as "The Pioneer Rail Manufacturer."

Through his mother Hon. Juliana (née Petre), Henry Weld is a 7th-generation descendant of Charles II, and his line of descent could be added in with that of Charles Heneage on p. 14 of RD600, since the two share the first three generations. The Weld of Lulworth article in BLG 18th Edn. Vol. 1 (1965), pp. 712-13, gives nothing on Henry Weld and his siblings beyond their names, so full genealogical details for Henry, his parents and siblings are below, followed by the seven-generation descent from Charles II in detail.
Archers Lodge, 1851 sketch by James Weld

JAMES WELD of Archers Lodge, Southampton, b. 30 Apr. 1785 Lulworth Castle, Dorset, bap. there same day; d. 24 Feb. 1855 Weymouth, Dorset, 7th son of Thomas Weld of Lulworth Castle (1750-1810, descended from Edward III) and Mary Stanley-Massey (1752-1830, descended from Edward III); m. 5 July 1812 Portman Square, London, Hon. JULIANA ANN PETRE, b. 18 Sept. 1789 Grosvenor Square, London; d. 3 June 1862 Winchester, Hampshire, 2nd dau. of Robert Edward, 10th Baron Petre (1763-1809, descended from Charles II - see Generation 5 below) and Mary Bridget Howard (1767-1843, descended from James II of Scotland), and had issue, three sons and four daughters.

Issue of James and Hon. Juliana (Petre) Weld:

1) ANNA MARIA WELD, b. 1814 Portman Square, London; d. unm. 29 June 1851 Eaton Square, Belgravia, London.

2) HENRY THOMAS WELD of Mount Savage, Allegany County, Maryland, civil engineer, b. 31 Jan. 1816 Portman Square, London; d.s.p. 18 July 1893 Mount Savage; m. 30 May 1843 Baltimore County, Maryland, HARRIET EMILY HOFFMAN, b. 19 July 1812 Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, bap. 17 Feb. 1813 St George Bloomsbury; d.s.p. (will dated 5 Jan., proved 17 Oct.) 1892 Maryland, bur. Old St Pauls Cemetery, Baltimore, only dau. of Jeremiah Hoffman of Chatsworth House, Baltimore (c.1780-1844) and Eliza Emily Tilghman (1790-1813, descended from Edward IV).
Henry Weld Home in Mount Savage
3) KATHERINE MARY WELD, b. 25 Aug. 1817 Britwell House, Britwell Salome, Oxfordshire; d. unm. 20 Oct. 1885 Lymington, Hampshire.

4) Rt Rev Mgr. FRANCIS JOSEPH WELD, Rector of Shrewsbury Place, Isleworth 1854-98, b. 5 Sept. 1819 South Down Cottage, Weymouth; d. unm. 26 Sept. 1898 Château Dauphin, Pontgibaud, Puy-De-Dôme, Auvergne, France.

5) AGNES WELD, Benedictine nun 1841-83, b. 30 July 1821 South Down Cottage, Weymouth; d. unm. Feb. 1883 St Mary Abbey, East Bergholt, Suffolk.

6) PHILIP GEORGE WELD, b. 16 Aug. 1828 Archers Lodge, bap. St Joseph Roman Catholic Church, Southampton; d. (drowned) 16 Apr. 1845 St Edmund's College, Ware, Hertfordshire.

6) CHARLOTTE ADELAIDE WELD, b. 23 Aug. 1830 Archers Lodge, bap. St Joseph Roman Catholic Church, Southampton; d. unm. 20 Nov. 1862 Lulworth Castle.

CHARLES II = Mary Davies (c.1651-1708), and had a dau
3rd Earl of Derwentwater -
see Generation 2
1) Lady MARY TUDOR, illegit., b. 16 Oct. 1673; d. 5 Nov. 1726 Paris, France; m. 1st 18 Aug. 1687,  EDWARD RADCLIFFE, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 9 Dec. 1655; d. 29 Apr. 1705 London, est son of Francis Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Derwentwater (1625-1696, descended from Edward III) and Katherine Fenwick (descended from Edward III), and had
2) JAMES RADCLIFFE, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater, b. 26 June 1689 Piccadilly, London; d. (executed) 24 Feb. 1716 Tower Hill, London, bur. Dalston Chapel, Northumberland;  m. 10 July 1712, ANNA MARIA WEBB, b. 1693; d. 19 Aug. 1723 Brussels, Belgium, est dau. of Sir John Webb, 3rd Baronet of Odstock (c.1670-1745, descended from Edward III) and his 1st wife Hon. Barbara Bellasis (c.1673-1740, descended from Edward III), and had
3) Lady ANNA MARIA BARBARA RADCLIFFE, b. 1716; d. 31 Mar. 1760 Ingatestone Hall, Essex, bur. 4 Apr. 1760 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 2 May 1732 St Pauls Cathedral, London, ROBERT JAMES PETRE, 8th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. 3 June 1713; d. 2 July 1742 London, bur. 8 July 1742 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, est son of Robert, 7th Baron Petre (1690-1713, descended from Edward III) and Catherine Walmesley (1698-1785, descended from Edward III), and had
4) ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, 9th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. Feb. 1742; d. 2 July 1801 Westminster, London, bur. St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m. 1st 19 Apr. 1762 Golden Square, London, ANNE HOWARD, b. 29 Aug. 1742; d. 15 Jan. 1787 Thorndon Hall, West Thorndon, Essex, bur. 23 Jan. 1787 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, dau. of Philip Howard of Buckenham House (1689-1750, descended from James II of Scotland) and his 2nd wife Henrietta Blount (1708-1782, descended from Edward III), and had
10th Baron Petre -
see Generation 5
5) ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, 10th Baron Petre of Writtle, b. 2 Sept. 1763 Thorndon Hall, bap. there 3 Sept. 1763; d. 28 Mar. 1809 Thorndon Hall, bur. 6 Apr. 1809 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone; m.  14 Feb. 1786 Grosvenor Square, London, MARY BRIDGET HOWARD, b. 29 Sept. 1767 Worksop, Nottinghamshire; d. 30 May 1843 Marylebone, London, bur. 5 June 1843 St Edmund & St Mary Church, Ingatestone, dau. of Henry Howard of Glossop (1713-1787, descended from James II of Scotland) and Juliana Molyneux (c.1745-1808, descended from Edward III), and had
6) Hon. JULIANA ANN PETRE (1789-1862 - see details above) m. JAMES WELD of Archers Lodge (1785-1855), and had
7) HENRY THOMAS WELD of Mount Savage (1816-1893 - see details above)

The next blogpost will return to the ancestry of the 11th Baroness Wentworth, wife of Lord Byron, and look at some Edward III lines to her mother Hon. Judith Noel.

Cheers,                                     -----Brad

No comments:

Post a Comment