Sunday, November 29, 2015

{55} Edward III Descents for William David Coleridge Smith (1883-1963)

Smith of Winfrith Coat of Arms
[Or, a chevron between three bows
strung in pale, Gules
Rev. Peter Smith (1651-1725) was rector of Winfrith in Dorset from 1679 to his death. He was admitted to Oxford University on charity, and his father was one Richard Smith of Leintwardine, in Herefordshire. Rev. Smith married very well, taking to wife Dorothy Bowman (d. 1733), the daughter of well-connected lawyer and M.P., Seymour Bowman of Harnham, Wiltshire (c.1621-1704, descended from Edward I), and Rev. Smith took the Bowman arms for himself and his descendants.  His grandson John Smith of Bucklersbury, London (1720-1791), was a member of Worshipful Company of Ironmongers, as was his eldest son John Paul Smith (1747-1804). John Paul married Grace Lodington (1755-1835) in 1780, and so began the close association between the two families. Grace's first cousin, Rev. Joseph Lodington, rector of Southwick in Northamptonshire, stood as godfather in 1784 to the couple's third child, then married John Paul's younger sister Joanna Maria Smith three years later in 1787. See Frederick Arthur Crisp's 1906 transcription of Bible entries from this 'Smith Family', in the 12th volume of his Fragmenta Genealogica series.

Rev. Joseph Lodington was, through his mother Anne Broade, descended from the gentry family of Hereford, seated at Sufton Court in Herefordshire. In 1823 his daughter Caroline Grace Lodington married her first cousin, Edward William Smith, who styled himself "esquire" and listed his occupation as "Fund Holder" in the 1851 UK Census, bringing to her descendants the line back to Edward III. It was Edward and Caroline Smith who first introduced the name 'Coleridge' into the family when in 1839 they made it the second given name of their fourth son Sidney, in honour of the late poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), whose birthplace Ottery St Mary in Devon, was where the Smiths were residing when their fourth son was born. Sidney Coleridge Smith used his full name throughout his interesting life. He went to sea in 1859 at age 20 as a Second Mate on a Merchant Marine vessel, and continued for nine years, eventually rising to the rank of First Officer. When he left that career in 1868, he enrolled in Gloucester Theological College, and was ordained in 1870. Rev. Smith held the curacies of Long Ashton and Pitcombe, both in Somersetshire, and ended his clerical career as Rector of Rodney Stoke in Somersetshire. Apparently fond of his second name Coleridge, he gave it as a middle given name to two of his children: his fourth daughter Evelyn Mary Coleridge Smith (1878-1961), and to his second son and youngest child William David Coleridge Smith.
Tombstone of Rev. Sidney and Alice (née Barber) Coleridge Smith
St Leonard Churchyard, Rodney Stoke, Somersetshire
Born in 1883 while his father was curate of Pitcombe, William David Coleridge Smith, as his father had before him, chose the sea as a career, qualifying as a Second Mate in 1904 at age 21, then as a First Mate in 1909. Meanwhile, Rev. Richard Valpy French had retired to Mendip Lodge in Axbridge, Somersetshire, where he died in 1907. Axbridge is just five-and-a-half miles from Rodney Stoke, and the two clerics, Rev. Smith and Rev. French, both the same age, must have become acquainted. Rev. French was 67 years old when he died, having five years previous taken a much younger wife, Winifred Kekewich, 38 years his junior. Left widowed and childless at age 29, Winifred came to know the neighbouring Rev. Smith's merchant mariner younger son, six years younger than herself. The two married in 1913, William qualified as Master in the Merchant Service in 1915, and served in the Merchant Marines throughout the Great War. He moved into Mendip Lodge with Winifred, and it was there that their three children were born, and where they both passed away. Perhaps as a way to distinguish themselves from the countless families with the surname of Smith, William and his elder brother Arthur Lodington Smith gave to each of their children their own additional given names, so Arthur's children all became Lodington Smith, and William's children all Coleridge Smith, and today William's descendants use both Coleridge and Smith as their surname, often hyphenated.

WILLIAM DAVID COLERIDGE SMITH of Mendip Lodge, b. 17 Sept. 1883 Pitcombe, Somersetshire; d. 8 May 1963 Mendip Lodge, Axbridge, Somersetshire, yr son of Rev. Sidney Coleridge Smith of Rodney Stoke (1839-1926, descended from Edward III - see Generation A19 below) and Alice Stroud Barber (1846-1930); m. June 1913 Somersetshire, WINIFRED JOAN (KEKEWICH) FRENCH, b. 29 Sept. 1877 Notting Hill, London, bap. 24 Jan. 1878 St John Church, Notting Hill; d. 31 Dec. 1963 Mendip Lodge, widow of Rev. Richard Valpy French (1839-1907), and 2nd dau. of Sir George William Kekewich (1841-1921, descended from Edward IV) and his 1st wife Hannah Lovegrove (1838-1890), and had issue, one son and two daughters.

Issue of William David and Winifred Joan (Kekewich) Coleridge Smith:

1) ELIZABETH JOAN COLERIDGE SMITH of Trebles Holford Farm, Taunton, Somersetshire, poultry farmer, b. 27 July 1914 Mendip Lodge; d. unm. 15 Nov. 1990 Beauchamp House Nursing Home, Hatch Beauchamp, Somersetshire.

2) MARY COLERIDGE SMITH, poultry farmer with her sister Elizabeth, b. 2 July 1917 Mendip Lodge; d. unm. 4 Apr. 1984 Trebles Holford Farm.

3) DAVID ARTHUR COLERIDGE SMITH, b. 21 Sept. 1920 Mendip Lodge; d. 7 Feb. 1995 Lancashire; m. 28 Dec. 1949, DAPHNE M TICKLE, b. 1927 Doncaster, Yorkshire, and had issue two sons.

Issue of David Arthur and Daphne (Tickle) Coleridge Smith:

Windmill Farm Equestrian Centre,
run by the Coleridge Smith family
3A) Dr. PHILIP DAVID COLERIDGE SMITH of Windmill Farm Equestrian Centre, Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire, vascular surgeon, b. 1953 Lincolnshire; m. 1980, ELAINE FLEET, and has issue, one son and two daughters.

3B) (STEPHEN) NEIL COLERIDGE SMITH of Lytham St Annes, aerospace engineer, b. 1955 Cumberland; m. 4 Oct. 1983 Lancashire, BEVERLEY ANNE SCHOFIELD, b. 1961 Lancashire, and has issue, one son and one daughter.

The following lines of descent from Edward III were first brought to my attention by British genealogist James R. Yeowell, a Lodington descendant, and it was his March 2014 post to the SocGenMed newsgroup which allowed me to work out William David Coleridge Smith's two lines of descent from that monarch.

Edward III had a 2nd surviving son:
A1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
A2) Lady Philippa Plantagenet of Clarence (1355-1377) m. Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March (1352-1381), and had
A3) Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (1371-1417) m. 1) Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403), and had
A4) Lady Elizabeth Percy (c.1395-1437) m. 1) John, 7th Lord Clifford (1388-1422, descended from Edward I), and had
A5) Thomas, 8th Lord Clifford (1414-1455) m. Joan Dacre (c.1417-c.1452, descended from Edward I), and had,
A6) Maud Clifford (b.
Dorothy (née Dudley) Wrottesley
- see Generation A7
c.1436) m. 2) Sir Edmund Sutton, Heir of Dudley Castle (c.1430-1482), and had
A7) Dorothy Dudley (c.1465-1517) m. Richard Wrottesley of Wrottesley Hall (1457-1521), and had
A8) Walter Wrottesley of Wrottesley Hall (d. 1563) m. Isabel Harcourt, and had
A9) Eleanor Wrottesley (d. 1596) m. Richard Lee of Langley (d. 1591, descended from Edward I), and had
A10) KATHERINE LEE, b. c.1560; d. 1579; m. 1578, as his 1st wife, JOHN HEREFORD of Sufton Court, Mordiford, Herefordshire, b. 8 Sept. 1558; d. 20 Oct. 1619 Priors Court, Dormington, Herefordshire, bur. Holy Rood Church, Mordiford, Herefordshire, son of Roger Hereford of Sufton Court (d. 1561) and Margaret Sturmy, and had
A11) RICHARD HEREFORD of Sufton Court, b. 12 May 1579; d. 1636; m. 2nd 1610, MARGARET PERSHALL, dau. of Ralph Pershall of Priors Court and Margaret ---, and had
Hereford of Sufton Coat of Arms
[Gules, three eagles displayed
A12) ROGER HEREFORD of Sufton Court, b. c.1612; d. c.1659; m. (settlement 20 Feb.) 1633, FRANCES RODD, bap. 15 Aug. 1611; bur. 8 Nov. 1689 Holy Rood Church, Mordiford, dau. of James Rodd of Hereford (d. 1666) and Margery Piggen, and had a son A13 and a dau B13 (see below),
A13) JAMES HEREFORD of Sufton Court, bap. 23 Dec. 1634 St Martin Church, Hereford; bur. 4 Jan. 1693 Holy Rood Church, Mordiford; m. HESTER HOLMES, bap. 6 Jan. 1637 St Michael Church, Eye, Herefordshire; d. Oct. 1676, dau. of Robert Holmes of Netherton (d. 1670) and Elizabeth Kyrle, and had
A14) ANNE HEREFORD, b. Sufton Court, bap. 29 Nov. 1670 Holy Rood Church, Mordiford; d. unknown, bur. Hereford Cathedral [*1]; m. by 1691, her first cousin, Rev. FRANCIS BROADE of Hereford (see B14 below), and had
A15) Rev. THOMAS BROADE, Rector of Benefield, Northamptonshire 1724-1753, b. 1692; bur. 24 Nov. 1753 St Mary Church, Benefield; m. 13 Oct. 1722 St Mary Magdalene Church, Turnastone, Herefordshire, ANNE LODINGTON, b. Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, bap. 29 Dec. 1685 St Mary Church, Aylesbury; d. by 19 May 1767 (when will was proved), dau. of Rev. Isaac Lodington of Aylesbury (d. 1729) and Anne Bedford, and had
A16) ANNE BROADE, b. 1724; d. 10 Jan. 1808 Bloomsbury, London; m. 24 May 1747 Somerset House, Strand, London, her first cousin, THOMAS LODINGTON, of Westminster, merchant, bap. 26 July 1723 St Paul Covent Garden, London; d. 17 July 1766, son of Isaac Lodington (1691-1779) and Ann Page, and had
A17) Rev. JOSEPH LODINGTON, Vicar of Oundle, Northamptonshire 1796-1806, bap. 22 Oct. 1754 St Clement Danes, London; bur. 24 Dec. 1806 St Mary Church, Benefield; m. 5 June 1787 St Mary Colechurch, London, JOANNA MARIA SMITH, b. 15 Sept. 1755 London, bap. 8 Oct. 1755 St Mary Colechurch; bur. 5 Dec. 1825 St Mary Church, Benefield, dau. of John Smith of Bucklersbury, London, druggist (1720-1791, descended from Edward I) and Hannah Mills (1722-1789), and had
A18) CAROLINE GRACE LODINGTON, b. 1796 Southwick, Northamptonshire; d. 1 Apr. 1885 Clifton, Bristol, bur. 8 Apr. 1885 St Nathaniel Church, Redland, Bristol; m. 23 June 1825 St Peter Church, Oundle, her first cousin, EDWARD WILLIAM SMITH of Tonbridge, Kent "Fund holder", b. 16 July 1789 London, bap. 8 Sept. 1789 St Mary Colechurch, London; d. 15 May 1865 Mickleham, Surrey, son of William Edward Smith of London (1759-1823, descended from Edward I) and Mary Saffory (1763-1816), and had
A19) Rev. SIDNEY COLERIDGE SMITH, Rector of Rodney Stoke, Somersetshire, b. 5 June 1839 Ottery St Mary, Devon, bap. 14 Aug. 1839 St Mary Church, Ottery St Mary; d. 29 Sept. 1926 Rodney Stoke, bur. St Leonard Churchyard, Rodney Stoke; m. 4 Jan. 1871 St Andrew & All Saints Church, Willingale Spain, Essex, ALICE STROUD BARBER, b. 1846 Wanstead, Essex; d. 12 July 1930 The Barrows, Cheddar, Somersetshire, bur. St Leonard Churchyard, Rodney Stoke, dau. of Henry Stroud Barber of Wanstead (1811-1854) and Mary Parker (1817-1865), and had
A20) WILLIAM DAVID COLERIDGE SMITH of Mendip Lodge (1883-1963) - see details above
Hereford Cathedral

B13) MARGERY HEREFORD, bap. 28 Feb. 1637 St Martin Church, Hereford; bur. Hereford Cathedral [*1]; m. 13 Apr. 1665 Holy Rood Church, Mordiford, Rev. THOMAS BROADE of Hereford, d. 1709, bur. Hereford Cathedral; M.A., rector of Bromyard, Herefordshire (matriculated Brasenose College 23 July 1656, B.A., M.A. as well as a Vicar Choral of Hereford Cathedral (1660) and Custus of Hereford College (1707), son of Rev. William Broade of Westbury (d. c.1660) [*2], and had 
B14) Rev. FRANCIS BROADE of Hereford, bap. 31 Jan. 1666 Holy Rood Church, Mordiford; d. 9 Mar. 1728; m. by 1691, his first cousin, ANNE HEREFORD (see A14 above)

[*1] Per their M.I. in Hereford Cathedral (the inscription has been worn away, with only a few words decipherable in 1881): " .....Broade, ...and wife.....Vicar Choral," Rev. Thomas Broade and his wife Margery were both buried there, and it's very likely their son Rev. Francis Broade and his wife Anne were as well. The burials for Hereford Cathedral in this time period have not been published, or indexed in online databases. Luckliy, the Cathedral Library holds Bishop's Transcripts for this time period, which hopefully one day will make it online. In the meantime, researchers are welcome to comb through the bishop's transcripts in the Cathedral Library. I only had an hour to spare at the Library this past summer. I found the staff friendly and helpful, and the Cathedral itself is beautiful and well worth a visit.

[*2] James Yeowell has done extensive investigation into the Broades of Hereford Cathedral, and I thank him for sharing his findings with me. Rev. Thomas Broade's father Rev. William Broade was M.A., vicar of Westbury (previously vicar of Holmer), died circa 1660 -- he was also Vicar Choral of Hereford Cathedral (1633).

In my next blogpost I'll return to the Moores of Appleby Hall, and specifically to the Charles II descent for Rachel Esme Newton, wife of (Lancelot) Geoffrey Moore.

Cheers,                                   -------Brad

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