|Clough of Newbald coat of arms|
[Sable a fesse, humettée, ermine between
three leopards' faces argent]
Tragedy was not new to William. In 1863 at age 29, he had married Georgiana Hulton, the 20-year-old daughter of a Lancashire landed gentryman, and niece of a Yorkshire baronet. Eight months later, she died at the Clough family's East Riding manor Newbald Hall, giving birth to a son who also died at birth. The match had been for love as much, if not more, than it had been for prestige, and a grieving William had a beautiful monument for his young wife placed in the Newbald parish church where she and their child were buried. Nine months later in January 1865 (the day after his sister Blanche married Harrington Hudson), William's father John Clough died, and the 30-year-old widower succeeded as a senior partner at Swann, Clough & Co. The bank's failure in 1879 ended not only four generations of father-son Clough bankers, but also the family's (relatively brief) status as landed gentry: Clifton House, Newbald Hall, and all of the rest of William's holdings were sold off to reimburse the bank's many creditors.
|Coney Street, York|
|St Nicholas Church, North Newbald, Yorkshire|
A complete genealogical account of the descendants of John William Clough and his wife Eliza née Broughton hasn't yet come to light. The 'Clough of Clifton House and Newbald Hall' article in the late 19th-century editions of Burke's Landed Gentry only lists the children of John and Rosina (née Cumberland) Clough, and is lacking in detail. The most thorough published account of the Cloughs is that of genealogist Joseph Foster, who traced an Edward I line for banker William Clough on pp. 8-10 of his The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families (1884)[*1]. In his 1907 Exeter volume, Ruvigny mentioned the marriage of Eliza Broughton to John William Clough but didn't trace their descendants, except (inadvertently) for the seven children of their eldest daughter Eliza (née Clough), who married her maternal first cousin Thomas Langford Brooke of Mere Hall.[*2] The papers of banker William Clough's brother and heir Rev. John Clough (1835-1920) have been archived at the Bodleian Library, and the 2008 catalogue by Benjamin Arnold has much useful information on the fifteen children of Rev. Clough, whose descendants can be found today in England, Scotland, Africa and New Zealand. I hope to have a full account of Rev. Clough's children and grandchildren in a future blogpost. In the meantime, a full account of the children of Eliza née Broughton, and the children of her son John Clough, is given below, followed by some of the Edward III lines behind Eliza.
[*1] The Edward I descent for Rosina (née Cumberland) Clough presented by Foster in his 1884 book is incorrect. The line fails at the 4th generation: Philip le Despenser was in actuality the brother-in-law of Edward I's granddaughter Lady Eleanor Despenser, not her son as Foster has it. The line Foster presents does not intersect with the Edward I bloodline until the 16th generation, when Elizabeth St John marries his descendant Sir John Bernard, 2nd Baronet of Huntingdon.
|Ruvigny's account of Eliza (Broughton) Clough on p. 227 of the Exeter volume|
ELIZA(BETH) BROUGHTON, b. 25 Sept. 1773 Bercher, Vaud, Switzerland, bap. 4 Sept. 1774 St Peter Church, Broughton; d. 6 Feb. 1856 Torquay, Devon, bur. 12 Feb. 1856 St Saviour Churchyard, Tormohun, Devon, dau. of Sir Thomas Broughton, 6th Baronet of Broughton (1745-1813 - see Generation A15 below) and his 1st wife Mary Wicker (1748-1785); m. 28 May 1795 St Marylebone Parish Church, London, JOHN WILLIAM CLOUGH of Oxton Hall, Yorkshire, banker, bap. 14 May 1773 St Michael-le-Belfry Church, York; d. 15 Oct. 1842 Newbald Hall, Yorkshire, bur. 21 Oct. 1842 St Nicholas Church, North Newbald, son of John Clough of York, banker (1731-1789) and Rebecca Costabadie (1731-1802), and had issue, two sons and four daughters.
Issue of Eliza (Broughton) and John William Clough:
1) JOHN CLOUGH, b. 21 Feb. 1796 Wath, Yorkshire, bap. 22 Feb. 1796 St Mary Church, Wath; d. in infancy 19 Jan. 1797 Wath, bur. there 21 Jan. 1797.
|Langford Brooke of Mere coat of arms|
3) HENRIETTA CLOUGH, b. 1 Nov. 1798 Bramham, Yorkshire, bap. 18 Mar. 1799 All Saints Church, Bramham; d.s.p. 10 Dec. 1875 Hill Cottage, Axminster, Devon; m. 26 Nov. 1850 St Nicholas Church, North Newbald, Yorkshire, as his 2nd wife, Lt. THOMAS MALLOCK of Axminster, Lieutenant Royal Navy 1830, b. 11 June 1799 Axminster; d. there 30 Apr. 1869, 2nd son of Rawlin Mallock of Axminster, solicitor (c.1772-1854) and his 1st wife Charlotte Sobey.
|All Saints Church, Bramham, Yorkshire|
5) HARRIOT EMMA CLOUGH, b. 21 Jan. 1802 Bramham, bap. 30 Jan. 1802 All Saints Church, Bramham; d.s.p. 1 Mar. 1892 Torquay, Devon, bur. 5 Mar. 1892 Torquay Cemetery; m. 12 Sept. 1844 St George & St Mary Church, Cockington, Devon, Lt. JOHN HOLBERTON of Torr House, Newton Ferrers, Devon, Lieutenant Royal Navy 1816, b. Torr House, bap. 26 May 1797 Holy Cross Church, Newton Ferrers; d.s.p. 6 Nov. 1858 Torr House, bur. 12 Nov. 1858 Holy Cross Church, Newton Ferrers, son of Robert Holberton of Torr House (1755-1812) and Anne Square (1771-1824).
6) JOHN CLOUGH of Clifton House, York, banker, b. 28 Jan. 1803 Bramham, bap. 8 Feb. 1803 All Saints Church, Bramham; d. 12 Jan. 1865 Clifton House, bur. 17 Jan. 1865 York Cemetery; m. 23 July 1833 Cheltenham Minster, Gloucestershire, ROSINA CUMBERLAND, b. 16 Dec. 1811 Norwich, Norfolk, bap. 28 Jan. 1812 St John de Sepulchre Church, Norwich; d. 7 July 1869 Marylebone, London, bur. 12 July 1869 Kensal Green Cemetery, London, yst dau. of RAdm. William Cumberland of Cheltenham (1765-1832, descended from Edward I) and Elizabeth Pym Burt (1779-1840), and had issue, four sons and four daughters.
Issue of John and Rosina (Cumberland) Clough:
|Georgiana Maria (née Hulton) Clough memorial tablet in|
St Mary Church, Deane, Lancashire
6A) WILLIAM CLOUGH of Clifton House, banker, b. 23 Aug. 1834 Acomb, York, bap. 18 Sept. 1834 St Stephen Church, Acomb; d.s.p.s. 4 Oct. 1890 Scarborough, Yorkshire; m. 5 Aug. 1863 St Mary Church, Deane, Lancashire, GEORGIANA MARIA HULTON, bap. 29 Jan. 1843 St Mary Church, Deane; d. (in childbirth) 6 Apr. 1864 Newbald Hall, Yorkshire, bur. 11 Apr. 1864 St Nicholas Church, North Newbald, yr dau. of William Ford Hulton of Hulton Park (1811-1879, descended from Edward III) and Georgiana Lister Kaye (1815-1877, descended from Henry VII), and had issue, one son (d. at birth).
6B) Rev. JOHN CLOUGH, Rector of Wilford, Nottinghamshire 1889-1920, b. 29 Nov. 1835 Acomb, York, bap. 24 Dec. 1835 St Stephen Church, Acomb; d. 3 Mar. 1920 Wilford; m. 23 Mar. 1867 Madras, India, AMY LOUISA MARGARET KENNY, b. 30 Sept. 1851 Secunderabad, Madras; d. 9 July 1934 Ferncroft, Holmwood, Surrey, bur. 11 July 1934 St Mary Magdalene Churchyard, Holmwood, 3rd dau. of Col. Thomas Geils Edward Gammell Kenny of Madras (1804-1867) and Charlotte Wilson (c.1814-1888), and had issue, six sons and nine daughters.
|Rev. Henry Thomas Barry|
6D) EDMUND CLOUGH, Ensign 57th Bengal Native Infantry, b. 9 Aug. 1839 Clifton House, York, bap. 7 Sept. 1839 St Michael-le-Belfry Church, York; d. unm. (killed during Indian Mutiny) 10 May 1857 Meerut, Bengal, India.
6E) EMMA CLOUGH, bap. 28 Oct. 1840 St Michael-le-Belfry Church, York; d. 15 Jan. 1885 Calcutta, Bengal, India, bur. there 16 Jan. 1885; m. 27 Jan. 1866 Calcutta, as his 1st wife, WILLIAM GORDON LYNCH COTTON of Calcutta, civil engineer, b. 9 Aug. 1838 Brodie House, Dyke, Morayshire, Scotland; d. 23 Jan. 1911, bur. 26 Jan. 1911 South Ealing Cemetery, Middlesex, 2nd son of Lt-Col. Hugh Calveley Cotton of Reading (1798-1881, descended from Henry IV) and Louisa Brodie (1801-1862, descended from James V), and had issue, three sons and one daughter.
|Blanche (née Clough) Hudson|
6G) FREDERICK CLOUGH of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, gold prospector, b. 30 Oct. 1846 Clifton House, York, bap. 23 Nov. 1846 St Michael-le-Belfry Church, York; d. (presumably unmarried) 9 Dec. 1916 Ballarat, bur. Ballarat New Cemetery.
6H) FLORENCE MARY CLOUGH, bap. 8 Aug. 1850 St Michael-le-Belfry Church, York; d. 4 Nov. 1911 Woking, Surrey, bur. 8 Nov. 1911 St Mary Churchyard, Horsell, Surrey; m. 13 Apr. 1871 St George Hanover Square, London, Lt-Col. HARRIE ARCHBOLD REID of Horsell, Lieutenant-Colonel 7th Hussars, b. 16 Dec. 1845 St Leonard-on-Sea, Sussex; d. 20 May 1903 Horsell, bur. 25 May 1903 St Mary Churchyard, Horsell, only son of John Reid of Upper Tooting, Surrey, civil engineer (1812-1847) and Harriet Archbold (1814-1846), and had issue, one son.
|Guy Evelyn Harrie Reid|
Issue of Florence Mary (Clough) and Lt-Col. Harrie Archbold Reid:
6H1) Lt. GUY EVELYN HARRIE REID of Nairobi, farmer, Lieutenant King's African Rifles, b. 28 June 1887 Chelsea, London, bap. 21 July 1887 St Saviour Church, Chelsea; d. unm. (killed in action) 9 Mar. 1915 Tanzania, Africa, bur. Dar Es Salaam War Cemetery, Tanzania.
Eliza (née Broughton) Clough has several lines of descent from Edward III. Below are the seven of them which are through his sons Thomas of Woodstock and Lionel of Antwerp, in addition to the one thru Anne Plantagenet, Duchess of Exeter, given in the previous blogpost.
Edward III had two sons A1 & D1 (see below)
|1st Duke Buckingham -|
see Generation A3
A2) Anne Plantagenet, Countess of Buckingham (1383-1438) m. three times, and had two sons A3 and C3 (see below)
A3) Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, by 2nd husband (1402-1460) m. Lady Anne Neville (c.1408-1480, descended from Edward III), and had
A4) Humphrey, Earl of Stafford (c.1425-1458) m. Lady Margaret Beaufort (c.1437-1474, descended from Edward III), and had
A5) Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1455-1483) m. Lady Katherine Woodville (c.1458-1497), and had a dau A6 and a son B6 (see below)
A6) Lady Elizabeth Stafford (c.1481-by 1532) m. Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex (c.1483-1542, descended from Edward I), and had
A7) Sir Humphrey Radcliffe of Elstow (1509-1566) m. Isabel Harvey (1518-1594), and had
A8) Frances Radcliffe (c.1547-by 1584) m. Henry Cheke of Elstow (c.1548-1586), and had
|Alice (née Spencer) Lucy -|
see Generation A10
A10) Alice Spencer (c.1594-1648) m. Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote Hall (1585-1640, descended from Edward I), and had
A11) BRIDGET LUCY, b. 1621; d. 1 Sept. 1692 Broughton Hall, Eccleshall, Staffordshire, bur. 3 Sept. 1692 St Peter Church, Broughton; m. Sir BRIAN BROUGHTON, 1st Baronet of Broughton, b. 23 May 1618; d. 30 July 1708 Broughton Hall, bur. 31 July 1708 St Peter Church, Broughton, son of Thomas Broughton of Broughton Hall (d. 1648) and Frances Bagot (b. 1597), and had
A12) Sir THOMAS BROUGHTON, 2nd Baronet of Broughton, b. c.1650; d. 1710; m. 10 July 1672 St Paul Covent Garden, London, RHODA AMCOTTS (see F14 below), and had
A13) Sir BRYAN BROUGHTON, 3rd Baronet of Broughton, b. 19 Sept. 1677; d. 12 Sept. 1724 Broughton Hall, bur. 15 Sept. 1724 St Peter Church, Broughton; m. 10 Feb. 1710 St Chad Church, Norton-in-Hales, Shropshire, ELIZABETH DELVES (see C12 below), and had
|Sir Thomas Broughton, 6th Bt|
- see Generation A15
A15) Sir THOMAS BROUGHTON, 6th Baronet of Broughton, b. (posthumous) 2 May 1745 London, bap. 15 May 1745 St George Hanover Square; d. 23 July 1813 Doddington Hall, Cheshire, bur. 30 July 1813 St Peter Church, Broughton; m. 1st 1 Aug. 1766 St Marylebone Parish Church, London, MARY WICKER, b. 2 Mar. 1748 London, bap. 23 Mar. 1748 St James Church, Westminster; d. 7 June 1785 Broughton Hall, bur. 16 June 1785 St Peter Church, Broughton, dau. of John Wicker of Horsham (1711-1767) and Charlotte Colebrooke (1725-1795), and had
A16) ELIZA(BETH) BROUGHTON (1773-1856-see details above), wife of John William Clough
|4th Duke of Norfolk -|
see Generation B9
B7) Lady Elizabeth Stafford (1497-1558) m. Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1473-1554, descended from Edward I), and had
B8) Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) m. Lady Frances Vere (1517-1577, descended from Edward I), and had
B9) Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk (1538-1572) m. 2) Margaret Audley (1540-1564, descended from Edward III), and had
B10) Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk (1561-1626) m. 2) Katherine Knyvett (c.1566-1638, descended from Edward I), and had
B11) Lady Katherine Howard (c.1593-1673) m. William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (1591-1668, descended from Edward III), and had
B12) Charles Cecil, Viscount Cranborne (1619-1660) m. Lady Diana Maxwell (c.1623-1675), and had
|3rd Earl of Salisbury -|
see Generation B13
B14) Lady Mary Cecil (c.1668-1740) m. Sir William Forester of Dothill Park (1655-1718, descended from Edward I), and had
B15) William Forester of Dothill Park (1690-1758) m. Katherine Brooke (c.1695-1755), and had
B16) MARY FORESTER, b. 20 Dec. 1717 Dothill Park, bap. 9 Jan. 1718 All Saints Church, Wellington; d. 26 Sept. 1779, bur. 27 Sept. 1779 St Ludowanus Church, Ludgvan, Cornwall; m. 1st 21 May 1738 John's Square, Clerkenwell, London, Sir BRYAN BROUGHTON DELVES, 4th Baronet of Broughton (see A14 above)
C3) Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex, by 3rd husband (1404-1483) m. Lady Isabel Plantagenet of York (see D5 below), and had
C4) William, Lord Bourchier (c.1428-1477) m. 2) Lady Anne Woodville (c.1448-1489), and had
C5) Cecily Bourchier (c.1473-1493) m. John Devereux, 9th Lord Ferrers of Chartley (1464-1501, descended from Edward I), and had
|1st Viscount Hereford -|
see Generation C6
C7) Sir William Devereux of Merevale Abbey (by 1525-1579) m. Jane Scudamore (c.1527-1607), and had
C8) Margaret Devereux (c.1555-1625) m. Sir Edward Littleton of Pillaton Hall (1549-1610), and had
C9) Jane Littleton (1584-1657) m. Richard Knightley of Fawsley Hall (1580-1650, descended from Edward I), and had
C10) Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley Hall (c.1610-1661) m. 2) Anne Courten (1615-1703), and had
C11) Jane Knightley (c.1653-1692) m. Sir Thomas Delves, 4th Baronet of Doddington (1652-1727, descended from Edward I), and had
C12) ELIZABETH DELVES, b. 4 Dec. 1678 Doddington Hall, Cheshire, bap. 18 Dec. 1678 St Chad Church, Wybunbury, Cheshire; d. 2 Jan. 1746; m. 10 Feb. 1710 St Chad Church, Norton-in-Hales, Shropshire, Sir BRYAN BROUGHTON, 3rd Baronet of Broughton (see A13 above)
D1) Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) m. 1) Lady Elizabeth de Burgh (1332-1363, descended from Edward I), and had
|4th Earl of Northumberland|
- see Generation E6
D4) Lady Anne Mortimer (1388-1411) m. Richard of York, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (1385-1415, descended from Edward III), and had
D5) Lady Isabel Plantagenet (1409-1484) m. 2) Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex (see C3 above)
E3) Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (1371-1417) m. 1) Sir Henry 'Hotspur' Percy (1364-1403), and had
E4) Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (1394-1455) m. Lady Eleanor Neville (1403-1472, descended from Edward III), and had
E5) Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) m. Eleanor Poynings (1428-1484, descended from Edward I), and had a son E6 and a dau F6 (see below)
E6) Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland (c.1449-1489) m. Lady Maud Herbert (c.1457-by 1487), and had
E7) Lady Eleanor Percy (c.1476-1531) m. Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (see B6 above)
F6) Lady Margaret Percy (b. c.1447) m. Sir William Gascoigne of Gawthorpe Hall (c.1450-1487, descended from Edward III), and had
F7) Elizabeth Gascoigne (c.1480-1559) m. Sir George Tailboys of South Kyme (1467-1538, descended from Edward I), and had two daus F8 and G8 (see below)
|Amcotts of Aisthorpe coat of arms|
F9) Sir Robert Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court (c.1530-1580) m. Lady Bridget Fiennes de Clinton (b. c.1535, descended from Edward I), and had
F10) Margaret Dymoke (d. aft.1611) m. Sir Vincent Fulnetby of Fulnetby Hall (d. 1623, descended from Edward I), and had
F11) Jane Fulnetby (c.1575-1628) m. Sir Richard Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (c.1564-1629), and had
F12) William Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (c.1593-1639) m. Anne Bennett (b. c.1600), and had
F13) John Amcotts of Aisthorpe Hall (1630-1655) m. Rhoda Hussey (1635-1659), and had
F14) RHODA AMCOTTS, bap. 2 Dec. 1653 St Lawrence Church, Great Corrington, Lincolnshire; bur. 3 Sept. 1692 St Peter Church, Broughton; m. 10 July 1672 St Paul Covent Garden, London, Sir THOMAS BROUGHTON, 2nd Baronet of Broughton (see A12 above)
|Dorothy (née Vernon) Manners|
- see Generation G9
G8) Margaret Tailboys (c.1515-1558) m. Sir George Vernon of Haddon Hall (1514-1565, descended from Edward I), and had
G9) Dorothy Vernon (c.1545-1584) m. Sir John Manners of Haddon Hall (c.1533-1611, descended from Edward III thru Anne Plantagenet, Duchess of Exeter), and had
G10) Sir George Manners of Haddon Hall (c.1569-1623) m. Grace Pierrepont (d. 1651, descended from Edward I), and had
G11) John Manners, 8th Earl of Rutland (1604-1679) m. Hon. Frances Montagu (1613-1671, descended from Edward I), and had
G12) Lady Margaret Manners (1647-1682) m. James Cecil, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (see B13 above)
The next blogpost will show the descent from Edward IV of two British brothers who immigrated to the U.S. and became salesmen in California.